B

Baho baho

Family - Caesalpinaceae - Bauhinia tomentosa Linn. - YELLOW BAUHINIA Scientific names Bauhinia tomentosa Linn. Bauhinia binata Naves Huang hua yang ti jia (Chin.) Common names Baho-baho (Tag.) Bell bauhinia (Engl.) St. Tomas tree (Engl.) Yellow bauhinia (Engl.) Yellow orchid tree (Engl.) Yellow bell orchid tree (Engl.) Yellow butterfly tree (Engl.) Other vernacular names CHINESE: Huang hua yang zi jing (Taiwan) GERMAN: Filzige Bauhinie. PORTUGUESE: Mariposa. SPANISH : Flor de Azufre (Argentina), Guacamaya americana. Botany Baho-baho is an erect, branched shrub attaining a height of 2 to 4 meters. Branchlets, lower surfaces of the leaves and pods are somewhat hairy. Leaves are 4 to 7 centimeters long, about as wide, and split about one-third to the base into two, with oval, rounded lobes. Flowers are pale lemon-yellow, usually in pairs, on axillary peduncles. Pods are 9 to 11 centimeters long, about 1.5 centimeters wide, flattened and containing 6 to 10 small seeds. Distribution - Cultivated in Manila and other towns. - A vigorous shrub used as border plants. - Introduced from tropical Asia. - Found in India, West Bengal, Sri Lanka and tropical Africa. Constituents - Flower contains flavonoids, isoquerlitrin 6%, rutin 4.6%, and a small amount of quercetrin. - Flower extract yielded lignins, saponins, sterols, alkaloids, and phenols. - Seed yields a fatty oil, called ebony oil, protein, pentosan, water soluble mucilage and saponins. - Bark yields a fiber. - Phytochemical screening of crude extract of flowers yielded carbohydrates, glycosides, alkaloids, phytosteroids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, phenolic compounds, and fixed oils. - Roots yielded [...]

Balbas-bakiro

Family • Cucurbitaceae - Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng - SPINY BITTER CUCUMBER - Fan mu bie Scientific names Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng Momordica meloniflora Hand.-Mazz. Momordica macrophylla Gage Momordica mixta Rosb. Modecca saponaria Blanco Momordica ovata Cogn. Momordica sphaeroidea Blanco Passiflora saponaria Blanco Mu bie zi (Chin.) Other vernacular names ASSAMESE: Bhat kerala. CHINESE: Nuo fan guo, Lao shu la dong gua, Tu mu bie, Teng tong, Da ye mu bie zi FRENCH: Margose à piquants. HINDI: Kakur, Kantola, Kakrol. INDONESIAN: Pupia, Teruah, Torobuk. ITALIAN: Cetriolino spinoso. JAPANESE: Mokube tsushi, nanban kikarasuuri KHMER: Makkao. LAOTIAN: Khaawz. NEPALESE: Jhuse karelaa. SINHALESE: Tumba karavila. SPANISH: Pepino amargo espinoso, Pepinillo del diablo, Cundeamor. THAI: Phak khao, fak khao, Khika khrua. VIETNAMESE: Gac Common names Balbas-bakiro (Tag.) Buyok-buyok (Tag.) Libas (Ilk.) Malakaban (C. Bis.) Parog-parog-ti-noang (Ilk.) Parog-parog-ti-tau (Ilk.) Parug-parug (Il;k.) Paruk-paruk (Ilk.) Parum-parung (Ibn.) Patolang-uak (Tag.) Sugod-sugod (Ilk.) Tabala (Mbo.) Tabog-uak (Bik.) Tabog-ok (Bik.) Tabolo (Sub.) Taboo (C. Bis.) Tambaching (Ig.) Tambalosan (P. Bis.) Tambua-uang (Bon.) Baby jackfruit (Engl.) Cochinchin gourd (Engl.) Spiny bitter cucumber (Engl.) Sweet gourd (Engl.) Fan mu bie (Chin.) Gen info Indigenous in Southeast Asia; sometimes called the "fruit from heaven," believed to promote longevity, health and vitality. Botany Balbas-bakiro is a coarse and dioecious vine reaching a length of 15 meters, slightly hairy or nearly smooth, climbing by tendrils. Leaves are broadly ovate, 8 to 18 centimeters long, deeply palmately 3-lobed, sometimes entire, with pointed tips and heart-shaped bases. Male flowers occur singly in the leaf axils on peduncles 5 to 15 centimeters long. Buds, enclosed by a large, [...]

Banato

Family • Euphorbiaceae - Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Muell.-Arg. - KAMALA - Jia ma la Scientific names Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Muell.-Arg. Croton philippinense Lam. Echinus philippinensis  Baill. Rottlera manilensis  Klotz. Rottlera philippinensis  Scheff. Common names Apuyot (Sul.) Buas (Ilk.) Darandang (Tag.) Kamala (Engl.) Kamela (Engl.) Panagisen (Ibn.) Panagisian (Ibn., Klg., Neg.) Pañgaplasin (Ilk.) Pikal (Sbl.) Rohini Sala (Tag., Bis.) Tafu (Ibn.) Tagusala (P. Bis) Tutula (Tagb.) Rottlera (Engl.) Kamala (Engl.) Monkey-faced tree (Engl.) Jia ma la (Chin.) Other vernacular names ARABIC: Qanbîl, Wars. BURMESE : Hpawng-awn. CHINESE: Cu kang chai, Xiang gui shu. CZECH: Rotlera filipinská. DANISH: Kamala DUTCH: Kamala. ESTONIAN: Punamarjane kamalapuu. FRENCH: Croton tinctorial, Rottlière des teinturiers. GERMAN: Kamalabaum. HINDI: Kaamalaa, Kamaalaa, Raini, Rohan, Rohini, Roolii. ITALIAN: Kamala. KANNADA: Kampillaka, Kunkuma damara, Kumkuma damara. KHMER: Annadaa. LAOTIAN: Kh'aay paax, Khiiz moon, Tangx thôôm. MALAY : Balik angin, Galuga furu, Kapasan, Kasirau, Ki meyong, Rambai kuching. MALAYALAM: Cenkolli, Cenkolli, Kampipala, Kapilam, Kurangumanjas, Kuruku, Pipponnakam, Ponni, Pinoo, Ponnagam, Ponnakam, Ponoo, Punna, Shenkolli, Sinduri, Tavitu, Thavatta. MARATHI: Kapila, Kesari, Shendri. RUSSIAN: Mallot filippinskii, Mallot kamala, Malotus filippinskii. SANSKRIT: Kampilyaka. SPANISH: Kamala. TAMIL : Kamala, Kanapotta, Kapila, Kapilapodi, Kurangu manjanathi, Manjanai, Thavattai, Thirisalakkaai. TELUGU: Kunkuma chettu. THAI: Cha tri khao, Ma khai, Makai khat, Sa-bo-se, Thaeng thuai. VIETNAMESE: Ba chia, Canh kiên, Rùm nao. Botany Banato is a tree growing to a height of 4 to 10 meters, with the branchlets, young leaves and inflorescence covered with brown hairs. Leaves are alternate, oblong-ovate, with a pointed tip and rounded base, 7 to 16 centimeters long, with toothed or [...]

Bataw

Family • Leguminosae - Dolichos lablab Linn. - HYACINTH BEAN - Pien-tou Scientific names Dolichos lablab Linn. Dolichos purpureus L. Glycine lucida Blanco Lablab cultratus DC. Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet Lablab vulgaris Savi Common names Baglau (C. Bis.) Batau (Bik., Bis.) Bataw (Tag., Bik., P. Bis.) Bulay (C.Bis.) Itab (If., Bon,) Parda (ilk.) Parda-atap (ilk.) Sibachi, sibatsi(Tag.) Banner bean (Engl.) Hyacinth bean (Engl.) Lablab bean (Engl.) Poor man's bean (Engl.) Pien-tou (Chin.) Other vernacular names AMBARIC: Amora-Guaya. ARABIC: Lablâb, Lablab, Lubiah. ASSAMESE: Urahi, Urchi, Uri, Urshi. BENGALI: Rajashimbi. BURMESE: Pe-Gyi CHINESE: Bian dou, Huo lian bian dou, Peng pi dou, Teng dou, Yan li dou, Que dou DANISH: Hjelmbønne, Hjelmboenne. DUTCH: Komak. FINNISH: Hyasinttipapu. FRENCH: Dolique D´egypte, Pois Nourrice. GERMAN: ågyptische Fasel, Faselbohne, Gemeine Lablab, Helmbohne. HINDI: Sem. ITALIAN: Dolico Egiziano, Fagiolo D´egitto, Fagiolo Del Cairo, Fagiolo Egiziano. JAPANESE: Fiji Mame, Fuji Mame, Ingen. MALAY: Kacang Kara, Kara Kara, Kekara, Kerara (Java), Komak (Indonesia). NEPALESE: Raaj Simii, Simii. PORTUGUESE: Dólico Do Egipto, Feijão Cutelinho. RUSSIAN: Lobija. SINHALESE: Ho-Dhambala, Hodhambala, Kiri-Dambala, Kos-Ata-Dambala, Ratu-Peti-Dambala. SPANISH: Carmelita, Frijol Caballero. TAMIL: Avarai, Minni, Motchai, Motchai (Mochai), Tatta-Payaru. TELUGU: Adavichikkudu, Tellachikkudu. THAI: Thua Nang, Thua Paep. TURKISH: Lablab. VIETNAMESE: Dâu van. Botany Bataw is a smooth, twining, climbing or trailing vine, 4 to 6 meters long, often with smooth, usually purplish stems. Leaves are long stalked, 3-foliate with inequilateral leaflets. Leaflets are entire, ovate, and 7 to 15 centimeters long. Flowers are few to many, white to pink-purple in color, about 2 centimeters long, on erect, long peduncled racemes 15 to [...]

Biga

Family • Araceae - Alocasia macrorrhiza (L.) Schott - ELEPHANT EAR - Jia hai yu Scientific names Alocasia macrorrhiza (L.) Schott Alocasia cucullata (Lour.) Schott Alocasia macrorrhizos (L.) G. Don Alocasia indica Naves. Arum macrorrhizon Linn. Calla maxima Blanco Arum grandifolium Blanco Calla badian Blanco Jian wei yu (Chin.) Other vernacular names CHINESE: Lao hu yu, Gu po yu, Gou shen yu, Zhu bu gong, Du zu lian, Jia hai yu, Lao hu er. HAWAII: Ape keoke, Apii. INDIA: Maanaka, Maana, Maankandan, Kassalu, Hastikami, Kerukan kizhangu. INDONESIA: Ababa, Biah, Bira, Sente, Wia, Mae, Mael, Makata, Mira, Wire, Wir. MALAYSIA: Birah hiram. VIETNAM: Ray cay. Common names Aba (Ibn.) Aba-aba (Ig.) Badiang (Tag., Bis.) Bagiang (Bis.) Bira (Ilk.) Biga (Tag., Ilk., Bis., Pamp.) Bilbila (Bon.) Gabi (Bik.) Galiang (Bis.) Gandus (Pamp.) Malabiga (Tag.) Ragiang (Bis.) Sininaba (Ilk.) Talipan (Bik.) Taliang (Bis.) Giant elephant ear (Engl.) Giant taro (Engl.) Large taro (Engl.) Roasting coco (Eng.) Jia hai yu (Chin.)   Botany Biga is a coarse and erect plant with a stout trunk, growing up to 2 meters high. Leaves are very large, broadly ovate, the larger ones up to 1.5 meters long, with slightly undulate margins, a pointed apex and a deeply cordate base, not at all peltate. Petioles are long and very stout. Spathes are peduncled, with the tube 4 to 5 centimeters long, the blade yellowish to yellowish-green up to 23 centimeters long and 9 centimeters wide when spread, slightly mottled with purple inside. Pistillate part of the spadix is 3 to 4 centimeters long, 1.5 centimeters thick, contracted above. Fertile [...]

Botgo

Family • Moraceae - Ficus stipulosa Miq. Scientific names Ficus stipulosa Miq. Ficus infectoria Merr. Ficus caulobotrya Vidal Ficus caulocarpa F.-Vill. Ficus infectoria Roxb. var caulocarpa King Urostigma stipulosa Miq. Urostigma caulocarpum Miq. Common names Balete (Tag., Ibn., Bon., P. Bis.) Botgo (Bik.) Bubulung (Sbl.) Kuba (Ting.) Magamano (Bag.) Nonok (P. Bis.) Pasapla (Ilk.) Puspus (Ting.) Sanglau (Ilk.) Botany Botgo is a deciduous tree, starting as an epiphyte, later growing to 10 meters high. Leaves are smooth, entire and shining, oblong, 12 to 20 cm long, with tapering pointed tip and usually rounded base, with the petioles 5 to 7 cm long. Stipules are membraneous, pink, oblong, about 8 cm long. Receptacles are solitary, in pairs, or in fascicles in the axils of the leaves and in the axils of the fallen leaves on the ultimate branchlets, short-pedicelled, nearly spherical, about 5 mm in diameter, often in great abundance, 3-bracteate at the base. Distribution Endemic species, common in thickets and forests at low and medium altitudes throughout the Philippines. Properties Vulnerary. Parts used Fresh roots Uses Folkloric - Fresh roots used as poultice on wounds. - In Ayurveda, decoction of root barks of four Ficus species - F. religiosa, F. benghalensis, F. glomerulata, and F. infectoria - called Pancha valkala kashaya isused as a gargle in salivation, as wash for ulcers and as an injection for leucorrhea. Availability Wild-crafted.

Busida

Family • Combretaceae - Bucida spinosa Jenn. - DWARF GEOMETRY TREE Scientific names Bucida spinosa Jenn. Bucida molinetii (M.Gomez) Alwn & Stace Common names Busida(Tag.) Dwarf geometry tree (Engl.) Ming tree (Engl.) Prickly tree (Engl.) Spiny black olive (Engl.) Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Sun's Soup / Oncology Encyclopedia (2) Bucida spinosa Jenn. is a synonym of Bucida molinetii (M.Gómez) Alwan & Stace / The Plant List General info  Well known as an ornamental tree. Called "Dwarf Geometry Tree" in Hawaii. It's big brother, Bucida buceras is a source of timber in the Carribean. In tropical America, it is known for its termite-resistant dry wood and used for house and fence construction, scaffolding, railroad ties and pilings. Botany Bucida is a small, low and picturesque spreading plant growing to a height of 4 feet. The branches are typically horizontal giving it a layered appearance. Leaves are tiny, bright and light green, about 1/4 inch long. New foliar growth is bronze-colored and ages to light green. Stems are spiny. Flowers are yellow and insignificant, followed by clusters of tiny brown to black fruit seed-capsules. Distribution - Cultivated. - A popular container and bonzai plant. Parts utilized Bark Properties and constituents Bark yields a tanning agent. Uses Folkloric - No known medicinal use in the Philippines. - Elsewhere, medicinally the bark of Bucida spinosa is mixed with the bark of mangrove Rhizophora mangle and processed into a styptic agent—to stop bleeding when applied to wounds. Others • Immune System Stimulant: One of the many components of Sun's [...]

Buntot-kapon

Pteris ensiformis Burmann f. - ASIAN BRAKE Scientific names Pteris mutilata Pteris crenata SW. Pteris ensiformis Burmann f. Common names Buntot-kapon (Tag.) Asian brake (Engl.) Pakong-buntot(Tag.) Slender brake (Engl.) Pakong kapon (Tag.) Sword brake fern (Engl.) Pakong- parang (Tag.) Pako and its variations is a local name shared by many medicinal plants: (1) Pako - Athyrium esculentum (2) Pakong-alagdan - Blechnum orientale (3) Pakong-anuanag, pako, buhok-virgin, dila-dila - Onychium siliculosum (4) Pakong-gubat, pakong kalabao, Pityrogramma calomelanos (5) Pakong-parang - Pteris mutilata, P. ensiformis (6) Pakong-roman - Ceratopteris thalictroides. (7) Pakong-tulog, pakong-cipres, Selaginella tamariscina (8) Pakong buwaya - Cyathea contaminans. Note The genus Pteris has about more than 650 species. A compilation lists pakong-parang with Pteris mutilata. Quisumbing's compilation lists it under Pteris ensiformis, pteris crenata. Although the botanical description shares significant similariites, the folkloric uses differ. Botany Pakong-parang has creeping rhizomes, sparingly clothed with adpressed scales. Stipe (fern "stem") of fertile fronds are 5 to 10 cm long; those of the sterile fronds longer, 10 to 30 cm long; pale, glabrous and fascicled (growing in dense tufts). Fronds are thin and glabrous, 10 to 30 cm long, with very few pinnae; sterile fronds are shortest, 5 to 15 cm broad, with the lowest or all lateral pinnae pinnate, with few sharply serrate, oblong lateral pinnules, 7 to 10 mm wide; the fertile fronds with pinnae correspondingly forked instead of pinnate, the segments longer, linear and 4 to 8 mm wide. Sori are on the lower surface of the leaflets, along the margins [...]

Bain

Family - Droseraceae - Drosera peltata Sm. - PALE SUNDEW - Mao gao cai Scientific names Drosera peltata Sm. Drosera lunata Buch.-Ham. ex DC. Drosera rotundifolia Drosera lobbiana Turcz. Other vernacular names INDIAN: Mukhjali. Common names Bain (Ig.) Gumgumayeng (Bon.) Ruut (Ig.) Sanabugan (Ig.) Pale sundew (Engl.) Shield sundew (Engl.) Mao gao cai (Chin.) Gen info  Genus Drosera Vahl, popularly known as Sundews, is one of the largest genuses of carnivorous plants with over 105 species belonging to the family Droseraceae. The species use mucilage-secreting glandular hairs to trap prey. The earliest documented use of Drosera species dates back to the 12th Century, when Matthaeus Platearius, an Italian physician, described it use as a cough remedy. Botany Bain is a perennial tuberous herb. The tuber is usually 4-6 centimeters under the soil surface. Aerial parts are 5 to 50 centimeters high. with erect, leafy stem, 8 to 25 centimeters high. Leaves are alternate, long-petioled, lunate-peltate, more evident at the soil surface. Flowers are usually white, but may be variable in color. Sepals are ovate, smooth, erose or fimbriate. Seeds are obovoid, with prominently reticulated fascia. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Antimicrobial activity of aerial parts of Drosera peltata Smith on oral bacteria / Nicole Didry, Luc Dubreuli et al / Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol 60, Issue 1, February 1998, Pages 91-96, doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(97)00129-3 (2) Chemical constituents of Drosera peltata Smith var. lunata (Buch.-Ham.) C.B. clarke collected in Tibet / Wang Q, Shu J, Zeng L / Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 1998 Nov;23(11):683-4, 704. (3) DCBT1234-Lung KR / Common Respiratory [...]

Balete

Family - Moraceae - Ficus benjamina Linn. - WEEPING FIG - Chui ye rong Common names Ficus benjamina Linn. Ficus haematocarpa Blume Urostigmahaematocarpa Miq. Urostigma benjaminum Miq. Common names Balete (Ilk., Tag.) Salisi (Is.) Benjamin's fig (Engl.) Benjamin tree (Engl.) Small-leaved rubber plant (Engl.) Weeping fig (Engl.) Weeping laurel (Engl.) Chui ye rong (Chin.) Other vernacular names BURMESE: Kyet kadut, Nyaung lun, Nyaung thabye. CHINESE: Xi ye rong, Bai rong, Xiao ye rong, Chui rong, Chui ye rong. DANISH: Birkefigen. DUTCH: Wariengien (Dutch Indies). GERMAN: Benjamin-Gummibaum, Birkenfeige. JAPANESE: Shidare gajumaru. MALAY: Beringin (Indonesia), Mendera, Waringin (Java, Sumatra). NEPALESE: Conkar, Samii, Svaamii. SANSKRIT: Mandara. SERBIAN: Fikus benjamina, Bendïamin. SPANISH: rbol benjamïn, Benjamina, Ficus benyamina, Matapalo. SUNDANESE: Caringin. TAMIL: Vellal. THAI: Sai yoi, Sai yoi bai laem. VIETNAMESE: Cïy sanh, Sanh. Botany Balete is a strangling, smooth plant, assuming a tree form and reaching a height of 15 meters or more. Branches are drooping. Leaves are leathery, oblong-ovate, 6 to 9 centimeters long, with prominent and rather slender point, rounded base, entire margins, smooth green and shining; the nerves slender and spreading, not prominent. Petioles are 5 to 10 millimeters long. Fruit is axillary, solitary, stalkless, dark-purple and fleshy when mature, somewhat spherical, and 1 centimeter in diameter. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) The prevalence of skin and mucosal symptoms in gardeners handling Ficus benjamina (weeping fig) and Hedera helix (ivy). A cross-sectional study / Jïrs E / Esbjerg Centralsygehus, Arbejdsmedicinsk Afdeling / Ugeskr Laeger. 2003 Sep 8;165(37):3526-9. (2) Asthma caused by Ficus benjamina latex : evidence of cross-reactivity [...]