F

False pimpernel

Lindernia crustacea (Linn.) F. Muell. - ROUND-FRUITED LINDERNIA - Mu cao Scientific names Lindernia crustacea (Linn.) F. Muell. Capraria crustacea Linn. Torenia paniculata Blanco Vandellia crustacea Benth. Common names Malaysian false pimpernel (Engl.) Brittle false pimpernel (Engl.) Round-fruited lindernia (Chin.) Other vernacular names BRUNEI: Kerak nasi. CAMBODIA: Chiek to:k. CHINESE: Mu cao. HIMALAYA: Pitt papadi. MALAYSIA: Akar kerak nasi, Akar kelurut, Rumput jari chechak. THAILAND: Yaa kaaphoi tua mia, To ti ke kang. VIETNAM: M[aax]u th[ar]o, D[aa]y l[uw] [owr]i d[oof]ng. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Lindernia crustacea (L.) F. Muell. / Vernacular names / GLOBinMED (2) Phytoremediation of Mercury-Contaminated Soil Using Three Wild Plant Species and Its Effect on Maize Growth / N. Muddarisna, B.D. Krisnayanti, S.R. Utami, E. Handayanto / AEES, Vol 1, Issue 3. (3) Ethno-medicinal Plants of the Garhwal Himalaya Used to Cure Various Diseases: A Case Study / L.R Dangwal, Antima Sharma*, C.S Rana / New York Science Journal 2010;3(12) Botany Lindernia crustacea is a diffusely branched, smooth, suberect or spreading herb, growing to a height of 8 to 20 centimeters. Leaves are ovate, 8 to 15 millimeters long, pointed at both ends, and distantly toothed in the margins. Flowers are borne singly in the axils of the leaves, with stalks 1 to 3 centimeters long. Calyx is green or purplish, 4 to 5 millimeters long, with pointed lobes about 1.5 millimeters long. Corolla is purple, about 9 millimeters long. Capsules are oblong-ovoid to ellipsoid, 5 to 6 millimeters long, and included in the persistent calyx, whose length they approximate. Distribution - [...]

Fire tree

Family • Leguminosae / Fabaceae - Delonix regia (Bojer.) Raf. - FLAMBOUYANT TREE - Hong hua ying Scientific names Delonix regia (Bojer.) Raf. Poinciana regia Boj. Common names Fire tree (Engl.) Flambouyant tree (Engl.) Flamboyant (Engl.) Flame tree (Engl.) Gold mohn (Engl.) Peacock flower (Engl.) Royal poinciana (Engl.) Other vernacular names BENGALI: Krishnachura. CHINESE: Feng huang hua. FRENCH: Flamboyan. HAWAIIAN: Gulmohar. HINDI: Gulmohar. KANNADA: Kempu torai. MALAGASY: Alamboronala, Hintsakinsa, Hitsakitsana, Kitsakitsabe, Sarongadra, Tanahou, Tsiombivositra. PORTUGUESE: Flamboiã. SINHALESE: Mal-Mara. SPANISH: Arbol del fuego. TAMIL: Mayaram, Poo-Vahai. TURKISH: Cennet A. Botany Delonix regia is a large, deciduous tree with fern-like leaves. Leaves are bipinnate, slightly hairy, about 30 centimeters long. Leaflets are oblong, in 18 to 30 pairs, about 1.5 centimeters long. Flowers are large, showy, red or red and yellow, up to 12 centimeters across. Pods are pendulous, elongate, woody, compressed, and up to 50 centimeters long.   Distribution - Introduced to the Philippines during the early Spanish period. - Planted along roadsides and gardens. Constituents - Phytochemical screening yielded sterols, triterpenoids, phenolic compounds, and flavonoids. - Bark yields ß-sitosterol, saponins, alkaloids, carotene, hydrocarbons phytotoxins, and flavonoids. - Flowers yielded carotenoides, tannins, saponins, flavonoids, steroids, alkaloids, and ß-sitosterol. - Leaves yield lupeol and ß-sitosterol. - Stem bark yielded four triterpenes: lupeol, epilupeol, ß-sitosterol, stigmasterol, and an aromatic compound p-methoxybenzaldehyde. - Study isolated seven flavonoid glycosides: Kaempferol 3-rhamnoside 1, Quercetin 3-rhamnoside 2, Kaempferol 3-glucoide 3, Kaempferol 3-rutinoside 4, Kaempferol 3-neohesperidoside 5, Quercetin 3-rutinoside 6 and Quercetin 3-glucoside 7. - A hydroalcoholic extract of [...]

Fishtail fern

Family • Nephrolepidaceae / Oleandraceae - Nephrolepis biserrata (Sw.) Schott 'Furcans' - FORKED SWORD FERN Scientific names Nephrolepis biserrata (Sw.) Schott 'Furcans' Aspidium beserratum Sw. Common names Fishtail fern (Engl.) Sword fern (Engl.) Forked sword fern (Engl.) Botany Fishtail fern is a stoloniferous fern with short erect rhizomes. Leaves are up to 90 centimters long, leathery, arching, green to yellow green, with the leaflets forked at the end. Distribution Widely cultivated in Philippine gardens. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Ferns as Food / Ferns Important to Man in New Guinea / Ferns and Man in New Guinea / Jim Croft / Australian Natural Herbarium (2) Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana) / botany.si.edu (3) In Vitro Antibacterial and Antifungal Properties of Aqueous and Non-Aqueous Frond Extracts of Psilotum nudum, Nephrolepis biserrata and Nephrolepis cordifolia / Dolly Rani, P. B. Khare, and P. K. Dantu / Indian J Pharm Sci. 2010 Nov-Dec; 72(6): 818–822. / doi: 10.4103/0250-474X.8460 (4) Medical Ethnobotany, Phytochemistry, and Bioactivity of the Ferns of Moorea, French Polynesia / Nicole Baltrushes / Senior Honors Thesis (5) Nutritive Value and Potential of Medicine Plant (Nephrolepsis Biserrata -Schott) as Feed Resource for Big Ruminant / Okono A. B. and Uzaho U. / Department of Animal Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. (6) Summary of "Antioxidative and chemopreventive effects of Nephrolepis biserrata against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced oxidative stress and hepatic dysfunction in rats / Pharmaceutical biology Constituents - In a study for nutritive value, leaves showed to contain more (P<0,05) dry matter and crude protein than [...]

Flame flower

Family • Bignoniaceae - Pyrostegia venusta (Ker-Gawl.) Miers. - FLAME VIINE Scientific names Pyrostegia venusta (Ker-Gawl.) Miers. Bignonia ignea Vell. Pyrostegia ignea Vell. Pyrostegia acuminata Pyrostegia parviflora Pyrostegia reticulata Common names Flower vine (Engl.) Flame flower (Engl.) Flame vine (Engl.) Flaming trumpet vine (Engl.) Golden shower (Engl.) Orange trumpet creeper(Engl.) Pahu-pahu (Hawaii) Venusta vine (Engl.) Etymology "Pyrostegia" is Greek derived, meaning 'fire' and "stege" meaning 'covering' with its various common names: Flame vine, flame flower, flaming trumpet vine, flower vine. source Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Teor de flavonóides e fenóis totais em folhas de Pyrostegia venusta Miers. de mata e de cerrado  (2) Pyrostegia venusta attenuate the sickness behavior induced by lipopolysaccharide in mice. / Veloso CC, Bitencourt AD, Cabral LD, Franqui LS, Dias DF, dos Santos MH, Soncini R, Giusti-Paiva A. / J Ethnopharmacol. 2010 Oct 28;132(1):355-8. Epub 2010 Aug 18. (3) Anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects of the hydroethanolic extract of the flowers of Pyrostegia venusta in mice / Clarice C. VelosoI; Layla D. M. CabralI; Andressa D. BitencourtI et al / Rev. bras. farmacogn. vol.22 no.1 Curitiba Jan./Feb. 2012 Epub Nov 21, 2011 / http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2011005000209 (4) In vivo antioxidative property, antimicrobial and wound healing activity of flower extracts of Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl) Miers / Roy P, Amdekar S, Kumar A, Singh R, Sharma P, Singh V / Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2012, January 14. / http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2012.01.008 / Botany Flame flower is a climbing shrub with 6 to 8 ribbed branchlets. Leaves are compound, with 2 or 3 leaflets, bearing 3-parted terminal tendrils. Leaflets [...]