G

Gisol na bilog

Family • Zingiberaceae - Kaempferia rotunda Linn. - ROUND-ROOTED GALANGAL - Sha jiang Scientific names Kaempferia rotunda Linn. Other vernacular names BANGLADESH: Bhuichampa, Misri dana. CHINESE: Hai nan san qi. HINDI: Bhuichampa SANSKRIT: Bhuchampaca, Bhumichampa. THAI: Waan Hao Non. Common names Gisol na bilog (Tag.) Himalayan crocus (Engl.) Peacock ginger (Engl.) Round-rooted galangal (Engl.) Resurrection lily (Engl.) Tropical crocus (Engl.) Sha jiang (Chin.) Botany Kaempferia rotunda is a stemless herb with rhizomes that resemble those of Kaempferia galanga. Leaves are oblong and stained underneath. Spikes are radical, appearing before the leaves. Flowers are fragrant, sessile, purplish white. Calyx is 1-leafed, as long as the tube of the corolla, somewhat gibbous, with the apex generally two-toothed, with a dotted purplish color. Upper segments of the inner series of the corolla are lanceolate and acute, the lower ones divided into two broad obcordate lobes. Distribution - Of recent introduction as an ornamental. - Cultivated throughout the world. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Evaluation of Antioxidant Potential of Kaempferia rotunda Linn / J Priya Mohanty, L K Nath et al / Indian J Pharm Sci. 2008 May–Jun; 70(3): 362–364. / doi: 10.4103/0250-474X.43002. (2) Composition of the essential oils of Kaempferia rotunda L. and Kaempferia angustifolia Roscoe rhizomes from Indonesia / Herman J Woerdenbag et al / Flavour and Fragrance Journal, Volume 19 Issue 2, Pages 145 - 148 / Published Online: 20 Jan 2004 (3) Chemical Constituents and Biological Activity of Kaempferia Angustifolia, K. Rotunda,Spermacoce Articularis and S. Exilis / Neoh, Bee Keat / PhD thesis, [...]

Guma-guma

Family • Lamiaceae - Leucas zeylanica (Linn.) R. Br. - CEYLON SLITWORT - Zhou mian cao Scientific names Leucas zeylanica (Linn.) R. Br. Leucas bancana Miq. Phlomis zeylanica Linn. Spermacoce denticulata Walp. Common names Guma-guma (Sul.) Masibulan (Gad.) Ceylon slitwort (Engl.) Other vernacular names BANGLADESH: Kusha, Shetadrone, Pai thung sa (Marma). CHINESE: Zhou mian cao. Botany Guma-guma is an erect, annual, hairy herb growing to a height of 30 to 90 centimeters. Leaves are linear or elliptic-lanceolate, 5 to 7.5 centimeters long, blunt at the tip, and toothed at the margins. Whorls of many flowers are 1 to 1.5 centimeters in diameter. Calyx is 5 to 7 millimeters long, and obliquely turbinate, with minute teeth, erect or spreading horizontally. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Use of medicinal plants among tribes in Satpuda region of Dhule and Jalgaon districts of Maharashtra–An ethnobotanical survey / D L Jain et al / Indian Journ of Traditional Knowledge, Vol 9(1), Jan 2010, pp 152-157 (2) Antimicrobial Activity of Plants Collected from Serpentine Outcrops in Sri Lanka / Nishanta Rajakaruna et al / Pharmaceutical Biology, 2002, Vol. 40, No. 03, pp. 235–244 (3) Study on Essential Oil Obtained from the Seed of Leucas zeylanica / Tian Guang-hui, Liu Cun-fang et al / DOI: CNKI:SUN:AJSH.0.2009-02-016 (4) LEUCAS ZEYLANICA (L.) R. Br. / Vernacular names / MEDICINAL PLANTS OF BANGLADESH (5) Leucas zeylanica (L.) R. Br. protects ethanol and hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress on hepatic tissue of rats / Shahdat Hossain, Mijanur Rahman, Nusrat Fatima, Mozammel Haque, Jahirul Islam / International Current Pharmaceutical Journal, Vol [...]

Glory bush

Family • Melastomataceae - Tibouchina urvilleana (D.C.) Cogn. Scientific names Tibouchina urvilleana (D.C.) Cogn. Tibouchina semidecandra (Shrank & Mart.) Cogn. Other vernacular names BRAZIL: Buscopam-de-casa. Common names Glory bush (Engl.) Glory flower (Engl.) Lasiandra Princess flower (Engl.) Purple glory tree (Engl.) Botany Glory bush is a shrub growing to a height of 4 meters, with 4-angled, reddish and rough branches. Leaves are simple, opposite, 5-nerved, ovate or oblong-0vate, up to10 centimeters long and 4 centimeters wide, hairy above and smooth below, with finely serrate margins. Flowers are showy, with rosy purple to violet petals, up to 5 centimeters long. Stamens are 10, purple. Fruit is a capsule. Distribution - Recently introduced to Baguio. - Native to Brazil. Constituents - Leaves have yielded flavonol glycosides as quercetin 3-O-rhamnopyranoside and quercetin 3-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside. - Stems have yielded hydrolyzable tannin oligomers, mainly ellegatannins known as nobotanins. - Flowers have yielded anthocyanins, malvidin and peonidin derivatives. - Hexane extract of leaves yielded glutinol, taraxerol, a mixture of α- and β-amyrins, β-sitosterol, and ursolic and oleanolic acids as a mixture. An ethanolic extract yielded only ß-sitosterol. Methanol extract yielded β-sitosteryl β-D- glucopyranoside, the flavonoids avicularin and hispidulin 7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, and two mixtures, one constituted of asiatic and arjunolic acids and the other one of quadranoside IV and arjun- glucoside II. - Leaf extract yielded three new hydrolyzable tannins, nobotanins L, M and N. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Triterpenes and other Metabolites from Tibouchina urvilleana / Ana-Lidia Pérez-Castorena / J. Mex. Chem. Soc. 2014, 58(2), 218-222 (2) A Diacylated Anthocyanin from [...]

Gumamela

Family • Malvaceae - Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn. - CHINA ROSE - Zhu jin Scientific names Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn. Common names Antolañga (Tag., Bis.) Antolañgan (Tag., Bis.) Arotañgan (Pamp.) Gomamela (Tag.) Gumamela (Tag., bis., Pamp.) Kayanga (Ilk., Bik., Bis.) Saysaya (Bon.) Tapolanga (Tag., Pamp.) Tapurang (Bis.) Tapuranga, (Bis.) Tarokanga (Bis., Pamp.) Taukangga (Sul.) China rose (Engl.) Chinese hibiscus (Engl.) Hibiscus (Engl.) Rose of China (Engl.) Shoeflower (Engl.) Other vernacular names CHINESE: Zhu jin, Da hong hua, Fo sang, Fu sang. DANISH: : Kinesisk rose. DUTCH: Chinese roos. FRENCH: Hibiscus de Chine, Hibiscus rose de Chine , Rose de Chine. GERMAN: Chinesischer Roseneibisch. ITALIAN: Rosa della Cina. JAPANESE: Fusou, Haibisukasu. MALAY: Bunga raya. NEPALESE: Baarhmaase phuul, Gudahal, Japaa kusum, Japa puspii, Rakta puspi. POLISH: Ketmia róza-chinska. PORTUGUESE: Hibisco, Mimo-chinês (Brazil), Rosa da China, Mimo de Vênus (Brazil). SPANISH: Rosa de China. THAI: Chaba. General info About 300 species are found worldwide. Its beauty makes it one of the most widely cultivated of flowers, in brilliant hues of red, orange, or purplish-reds, with short-lived but continuing blooms. The red flowered variety has been preferred in medicine. Botany Gumamela is an erect, much-branched, glabrous shrub, 1 to 4 meters high. Leaves are glossy green, ovate, acuminate, pointed, coarsely-toothed, 7 to 12 centimeters long, alternate, stipulate. Flowers are solitary, axillary, very large, about 10 centimeters long, and 12 centimeters in diameter. Outermost series of bracteoles are 6, lanceolate, green, and 8 millimeters long or less. Calyx is green, about 2 centimeters long, with ovate lobes. Petals are red, orange [...]

Gabi

Family • Araceae - Colocasia esculenta Linn. - TARO - Hong tu yu Scientific names Arum esculentum Linn. Arum colocasia Linn. Colocasia esculenta (Linn.) Schott & Endl. Colocasia esculentum Linn. Colocasia antiquorum Schott Calla gaby Blanco Caladium esculentum Vent. Coladium colocasia W. F. Wight. Coladium violaceum Desf. Yu (Chin.) Common names Aba (ilk.) Aua (ilk.) Abalong (Bis.) Amoang (Bon.) Gabi (Tag.) Pising (Bon.) Dagmai (Bis.) Kimpoi (Bis.) Lagbai (Tag.) Abalong (Bis., Tag.) Linsa (Bik.) Lubingan (If.) Natong (Bik.) Elephant's ear (Engl.) Taro (Engl.) Taro potato (Engl.) Other vernacular names AFRIKAANS: Amadoembie. CHINESE: Lao hu guang cai, Dong nan cai, Hong tu yu, Yu tou hua, Yu tou, Tai yu, Guang cai. FRENCH: Colocasie. GERMAN: Kolokasie, Yamswurzel.. HAWAIIAN: Kalo. INDIAN: Alu, Dasheen. JAPANESE: Sato imo. KOREAN: T'a ro t'o ran. MALAY: Aaa HAWAIIAN: Kalo. MALAY: Daun keladi, Talas (Indonesia). SPANISH: Aro. THAI: Bai bon, Bon, Bon chin dam, Bon nam, Phuak (Phueak), Pheuak. VIETNAMESE: Khoai môn, Khoai nước. ZULU: Amadumbe. Botany Gabi is a long-stalked herbaceous plant with huge leaves, growing to a height of 30 to 150 centimeters. Rootstock is tuberous, up to 10 centimeters in diameter. Leaves, in groups of two or three, are long-petioled, ovate, 20 to 50 centimeters long, glaucous, with entire margins, with a broad, triangular, basal sinus extending one- third or halfway to the insertion of the petiole, with broad and rounded basal lobes. Petioles are green or purplish, 0.2 to 1 meter long. Peduncles are usually solitary. Spathe is variable in length, usually about 20 centimeters long, the tubular part green, usually about 4 centimeters long, [...]

Gogo

Family • Fabaceae / Leguminosae - Entada phaseoloides (Linn.) Merr. - ST. THOMAS BEAN Scientific names Entada phaseoloides (Linn.) Merr. Entada formosana Kaneh. Entada koshunensis Hayata & Kaneh. Entada rumphii Scheff. Entada scandens (L.) Benth. Lens phaseoloides L. Mimosa scandens L. Common names Balonos (Bis.) Balugo (Tag., Pamp.) Barugu (S.L. Bis.) Barugo (S.L. Bis.) Bayogo (C. Bis., Tag.) Dipai (Ig.) Gogo (Tag., Bis., Tagb., P. Bis.) Gogong-bakai (Pamp.) Gogong-bakay (Pamp.) Gugo (Tag.) Gugu (Pamp., Tag.) Kessing (Ibn.) kezzing (Ibn.) Lipai (Ilk.) Lipay (Ilk.) Tamayan (Bag.) Cali bean (Engl.) Gila bean (Engl.) Matchbox bean (Engl.) Monkey ladder pod (Engl.) St. Thomas bean (Engl.) Water vine (Engl.) Other vernacular names ASSAMESE: Bor gilla, Ghila, Gila lewa, Gilar lot. BENGALI: Gilagach, Gilla, Pangra. BURMESE: Dobin, Nyin. FRENCH: Entada de Formose, Coeur de la mer, Coeur de singe, Liane géante, Wawa (Antilles). GERMAN: Pangraschote, Riesenhülse, Seeherzen, Seebohnen, Trockenblumen, Westindische Haselnuß, Westindische Haselstrauch. HINDI: Barabi. KANNADA: Doddakampi, Hallebilu, Hallekayiballi. MALAY: Akar belu, Akar beluru, Akar belerang, Akar kupang, Bendoh, Gandu, Sentok, Sintok. MALAYALAM: Paringakavalli, Perimkakuvalli, Vattavalli. MARATHI: Garambi. ORIYA: Giridi. PORTUGUESE: Cipó-da-beira-mar. RUSSIAN: Entada fasolevidnaia, Entada formozanskaia. SANSKRIT: Prthvika. SPANISH: Alampepe (Mexico), Bejuco parta (Colombia), Cobalonga, Habo, Ojo de buey, Parta. SUNDANESE: Chariyu. TAMIL: Anaittellu, Camuttirappuliyan, Irikki, Kirancakamiram, Ottolakkoti, Yanaittellu. TELUGU: Gila tiga, Gilatige, Peddamadupu, Tandramanu, Tikativva. Botany Gogo is a very large, woody climber (liana). Stems are thick as a man's arm, angled, and much twisted. Bark is dark brown and rough. Leaves are tripinnate, the common petioles usually ending in a long, tough tendril. Pinnae are stalked, usually 4 in [...]

Gumamelang asul

Family • Malvaceae - Hibiscus syriacus Linn. - ROSE OF SHARON - Mu jin Scientifric names HIbiscus syriacus Linn. HIbiscus chinensis auct. HIbiscus rhombifolius Cavan. HIbiscus acerifolius Salisb. Ketmia syriaca Scopoli. Ketmia arborea Moench.. Common names Gumamelang asul (Tag.) Rose of Althea (Engl.) Rose mallow (Engl.) Rose of Sharon (Engl.) Shrubby althea (Engl.) Syrian hibiscus (Engl.) Mu jin (Chin.) Other vernacular names DANISH: Havehibiscus. FRENCH: Ketmie des jardins, Mauve de Syrie. GERMAN: Syrischer Rosen-Eibisch. JAPANESE: Hachisu, Mokukinka, Mukuge. KOREAN: Moo goong hwa. POLISH: Ketmia syryjska. PORTUGUESE: Hibisco (Brazil). SPANISH: Rosa de Siria. THAI: Chaba chin. VIETNAMESE: Bông Bụp Trắng, Hồng Cận Biếc , Bụp Hồng Cận. Gen info Hibiscus syriacus is the national flower of South Korea. Botany Gumamelang-asul is a smooth and erect shrub growing to a height of 2 meters. Leaves are cuneiform-ovate, about 5 cm long, nearly or quite smooth, 3-lobed with toothed margins. Flowers are pale bluish-violet that do not open fully. Petals are obovate petals. Capsules are oblong, slightly hairy. Seeds are also hairy. Distribution - Ornamental cultivation. - Nowhere naturalized. - Native of tropical or subtropical Asia. - Now widely cultivated. Constituents  • Bark contains mucilage, carotenoids, sesquiterpenes, anthocyanidins. Properties • Considered anthelmintic, antiphlogistic, antipruritic, demulcent, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, febrifuge,stomachic and styptic. • Bark and roots are mucilaginous. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Hibiscus syriacus / Rose of Sharon / Plants For A Future (2) Antioxidant Properties of Heat-treated Hibiscus syriacus / Sung Won Kwon et al / Biology Bulletin • Volume 30, Number 1 / January, 2003 / DOI 10.1023/A:1022055224858 (3) [...]

Gabi-gabihan

Family • Pontederiaceae - Monochoria hastata (L.) Solms-Laub. - ARROWLEAF FALSE PICKERELWEED - Jian ye yu jiu huo Scientific names Monochoria dilatata Kunth Monochoria hastaefolia Presl. Monochoria hastata (L.) Solms-Laub. Pontederia dilatata Buch.-Ham. Pontederia hastata Linn. Jian ye yu Jiu huo (Chin.) Other vernacular names BENGALI: Nukha. HINDI: Launkia. Common names Gabi-gabi (Bis.) Gabi-gabihan (Tag.) Kosol-kosol (Bis.) Payau-payau (Bis.) Arrowleaf false pickerelweed (Engl.) Arrow leaf pondweed (Engl.) Leaf pondweed (Engl.) Pickerel weed (Engl.) Botany Gabi-gabihan is fast-growing perennial herb. Leaves are long-petioled. Petioles are stout, up to 60 centimeters long, sheathing below. Blade is broadly ovate, 10 to 30 centimeters long, the base prominently hastate, the sinus very broad, the lobes spreading and oblong-ovate. Inflorescence is spicate, many flowered, 4 to 5 centimeters long. Flowers are blue, about 1 centimeter long, the lower ones with elongated pedicels. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Emergent aquatic macrophytes / Use of algae and aquatic macrophytes as feed in small-scale aquaculture – A review / Distribution - In open wet lands, swamps, etc., at low and medium altitudes from Luzon to Mindanao. - Also occurs in India to southern China and Malaya. Constituents Particularly rich in protein, 39.5%. Properties Alterative, cooling and tonic. Parts utilized: Leaves. Uses Edibility - In Malaya and Java, the leaves are eaten as vegetable, raw or cooked. - In Bengal, tender stalk and leaves eaten as vegetable. Folkloric  - The leaves are used for poulticing boils after they have burst. - Juice of roots used for stomach pains, asthma, toothache. - Juice of leaves used [...]

Golden candle

Family • Acanthaceae - Pachystachys lutea Nees - GOLDEN SHRIMP PLANT Scientfici names Pachystachys lutea Nees Justicia lutea (Nees) Ruiz & Pav. ex B. D. Jacks .[illeg.] Other vernacular names ASSAMESE: Hunboronia. MAYA: Camaron amarillo. Common names Golden shrimp (Engl.) Yellow shrimp plant (Engl.) Lollipop plant (Engl.) Shrimp plant (Engl.) Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Occupational contact dermatitis from golden shrimp plant (Pachystachys lutea) / E. Paulsen, S. L. Andersen and K. E. Andersen / Contact Dermatitis 2009: 60: 1–2 (2) Use of Indigenous Plants in Traditional Health Care Systems by Mishing Tribe of Dikhowmukh, Sivasagar District, Assam / Ratna Jyoti Das, Kalyani Pathak / International Journal of Herbal Medicine 2013; 1 (3): 50-57 (3) Pachystachys lutea Nees / The Plant List Botany Golden candle is a subtropical shrub growing 80 centimeters or taller. Leaves are opposite, narrow-ovate, up to 12 centimeters long, with entire margins. Flowers are in a large terminal spike, up to 10 centimeters long, with large, golden yellow cordate bracts. Corolla is white. Fruit is a capsule. Distribution - Native to Peru. - Common in Baguio gardens. - Propagated by cuttings or seeds. Uses Folkloric - No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines. - In the Caribbean, one specie is used as a hallucinogenic beverage. - Also used to treat fever, coughs, colds, and hair loss. - The Mishing tribe of Assam use the roots to treat pneumonia. Study Findings • Occupational Contact Dermatitis / Low Allergenic Potential: The allergenic potential of golden shrimp plant is probably low, requiring prolonged contact for [...]

Gumayaka

Family • Arecaceae - Arenga tremula (Blanco) Becc. - PHILIPPINE DWARF SUGAR PALM - Fei Lu Bin Guang Lang Scientific names Caryota tremula Blanco Wallichia tremula Mart. Arenga mindorensis Becc. Saguerus mindorensis O. F. Cook Didymosperma tremulum Wendl. & Drude Shan zong Chin.) Common names Abigi (Bik.) Dumayaka (Tag.) Abiki (Bik.) Gumaka (Bik.) Baris (Bag.) Gumayaka (Tag.) Bat-bat (Tagb.) Rumaka (Bik.) Bilis (Bik.) Tipon-tipon (Bik) Dayaka (Tag.) Dwarf sugar palm (Engl.) Dumaka (Tag.) Fei Lu Bin Guang Lang (Chin.) Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Sorting Arenga names / Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / A Work in Progress. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia / Copyright © 1997 - 2000 The University of Melbourne. Botany Unlike the kaong, gumayaka is a small, trunkless palm with thick and adventitious roots. Stems are not long, but relatively slender and occurring in clumps. Leaves are up to 5 to 8 meters long, spreading, with petioles 1 to 2 meters long, green, channeled along the base where the edges are fringede with black, ascending bristlelike fibers. The leaflets are linear, varying from 50 to 80 centimeters long and 1.5 to 4 centimeters wide, sometimes partially united at the apex, opposite or in alternating pairs, subglaucous underneath, the constricted base with a small lobe, truncate apex finely toothed, the midrib ridged beneath. Peduncles are about 30 centimeters long and 2.5 centimeters thick. Male flowers are on separate stalks, about 1 centimeter long, the petals bulgiing out [...]