Family • Labiatae / Lamiaceae - Pogostemon cablin Blanco - PATCHOULI - Guan huo xiang Scientific names Pogostemon cablin Blanco Pogostemon patchoulI Hook. Pogostemon patchoulIy Pellet. Pogostemon patchoulI Hook. var. suavis Mentha auricularia Blanco Menta cablin Blanco Common names Kablin (Tag., Pamp, Ilk.) Kabling (Pamp., Tag.) Kadling (Tag.) Kadlum (Bik., S.L. Bis., Sul.) karlin (Tag.) Katluen (Bis.) Sarok (Ig.) Patchouli (Engl.) Patchouly (Engl.) Other vernacular names CHINESE: Guan huo xiang. FRENCH: Patchouli. INDIAN: Pachi, Pachauli, Pachapat, Patchouli, Pachila, Kattam, Pachetene, Pacha, Panch, Suganda pandi. INDONESIAN: Nilam wnagi, Nilam, Singalon. KOREAN: Hyangdukkaephul. MALAYSIAN: Dhalum wangi, Tilam wangi, Nilam. SPANISH: Pacholi. THAI: Phimsen. VIETNAMESE: Ho[aws]c h[uw][ow]ng. Botany Kablin is an aromatic, erect, branched and hairy herb, growing to a height of 0.5 to 1 meter. Leaves are oblong-ovate to ovate, 5 to 11 centimeters long, with coarse and doubly-toothed margins, and with a blunt or pointed tip. Flowers are pinkish-purple, crowded and borne in hairy, terminal, axillary spikes 2 to 8 centimeters long, 1 to 1.5 centimeters in diameter. Calyx is about 6 millimeters long. Corolla is 8 millimeters long, with obtuse lobes. Distribution - Found in Cagayan, Bontoc, Rizal, Pampanga and Camarines Provinces in Luzon; and in Leyte, occasionally planted in gardens, and occurring also on steep talus slopes in areas remote from settlements. - Generally cultivated in tropical Asia and Malaya. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Pogostemon cablin as ROS Scavenger in Oxidant-induced Cell Death of Human Neuroglioma Cells / Hyung Woo Kim, Su Jin Cho, Bu-Yeo Kim, Su In Cho and Young Kyun Kim /Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. [...]


Family • Rutaceae - Citrus microcarpa Bunge - CHINESE ORANGE - Gan Scientific names Citrus mitis Blanco Citrus medica Linn. var. limetta Citrofortunella mitis J. Ingram & H.E. Moore Citrus madurensis Lour. Citrus microcarpa Bunge Other vernacular names CHINESE: Jin ju, Si ji ju, Yue ju. DANISH: Stueappelsin. FINNISH : Kalamondiini. GERMAN : Zwergapfelsine. JAPANESE: Karamonjin, Shiki kitsu, Tou kin kan. MALAY : Limau chuit, Limau kesturi, Jeruk kasturi, Jeruk peres, Jeruk potong (Indonesia). THAI: Manao wan, Som chit, Som mapit. VIETNAMESE : Tâc, Hanh. Common names Aldonisis (Tag.) Calamonding (P. Bis.) Calamunding (Pamp.) Kalamondin (Tag.) Chinese orange (Engl.) Calamondin (Engl.) Calamondin orange (Engl.) Kalamansi lime (Engl.) Panama orange (Engl.) Philippine lime (Engl.) Gan (Chin.) Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Antianxiety and Antidepressive Effects of Essential Oils of Citrus Spp in Mice / Che Rugayah et al / ArticlesBase.com (2) Calamondin / Morton, J. 1987. Calamondin. p. 176–178. In: Fruits of warm climates. Julia F. Morton, Miami, FL. (3) Characterisation of musk lime (Citrus microcarpa) seed oil / Manaf YantyNA, Osman Azizah, Lai OiM, Long Kamariah, Ghazali HasanahM / Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture [2008, 88(4):676-683] (4) D-limonene from calamansi (Citrus microcarpa) rind extract:An effective dissolution agent of expanded polystyrene foam / Tecson, N.O. / National Science Fair 2005 Botany Kalamansi is a smooth and slightly spiny plant, growing to a height of 3 to 5 meters. Leaflets are elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 4 to 8 centimeters long. Petioles are very narrowly or scarcely winged, about 1 centimeter long. Flowers are axillary, solitary, rarely in pairs, white, [...]


Family • Leguminosae - Crotalaria retusa Linn. - RATTLEWEED - Ao ye ye bai he Scientific names Crotalaria retusa Linn. Crotalaria cuneifolia (Fors.) Schrank Crotalaria hostmannii Steudel Crotalaria retusifolia Stokes Crotalaria tunguensis (Lima) Polhill Lupinus cochinchinensis Lour. Other vernacular names CHINESE: Ao zhu shi dou, Diao qun cao. FRENCH: Cascavelle jaune, Casse-cavelle, Cha cha, Cliquette, Pistache marron, Pistache tard, Pois france marron, Pois rond marron, Pois-zombi, Pois-zombi jaune, Pwa zombi, Sonnette, Tcha-tcha. HAWAII: Pete-pete. GERMAN: Abgestumpfte crotalaria. PORTUGUESE: Chocalho, Guizo de cascabel, Mato-pasto-roxa. RUSSIAN: Krotaliariia prituplennaia. SPANISH: Cachimbito, Cascabel fétido, Cascabelillo, Guisante de cascabel, Maraquita, Maromera, Sonajuelas, Zapatico. THAI: Hing hai. TURKISH: Küt krotalarya. Common names Aragay (Mang.) Buli-buli (Tag.) Kalog-kalog (Bis.) Kataua (Sub.) Palpaltog (Ilk.) Putokan (Tag.) Big yellow pupbush (Engl.) Devil bean (Engl.) Popbush (Engl.) Rattlebox (Engl.) Rattleweed (Engl.) Wedge-leaf rattlepod (Engl.) Ao ye ye bai he (Taiwan) Botany Kalog-kalog is a half-woody plant growing to a height of 1 meter high. Leaves are alternate, simple, oblanceolate, 6 to 8 centimeters long, 2 to 2.5 centimeters wide, and with rounded ends. Pea flowers are yellow, arranged along a simple terminal flowering stalk (raceme) about 15 centimeters long. Fruits are inflated, smooth, cylindrical pods, 4 centimeters long and 1 centimeter wide, containing several, loose, flattened, black rounded seeds, 3 millimeters in diameter. Distribution - A common weed and a hindrance to cultivation and maintenance of orchards and plantations. - Occasionally utilized as a cover crop and for green manuring. Constituents - Study of seeds yielded proximate values of moisture 15.00, fiber 37.50, ash 15.00, crude protein 4.37, oil [...]


Family • Convolvulaceae - Ipomoea hederacea (Linn.) Jacg. - IVY-LEAF MORNING GLORY - La ba hua Scientific names Convolvulus hederaceus Linn. Convolvulus nil Linn. Ipomoea nil Roth. Ipomoea hederacea (Linn.) Jacq. Ipomoea barbigera Sweet Pharbitis hederacea Choisy Common names Bulakan (Tag.) Kamokamotihan (Tag.) Kaladanae (Hindus.) Ivy-leaf morning glory (Engl.) Other vernacular names CHINESE: La ba hua, Qian hiu hua. Botany Kamokamotihan is a twining, rather slender, herbaceous, more or less hairy, annual vine reaching a length of several meters. Leaves are prominently 3-lobed, subovate, 8 to 15 centimeters long, heart-shaped at the base. Peduncles are solitary, shorter than the petioles, borne in the axils of leaves, each with 1 to 6 flowers. Calyx is green, very hairy at the base, and about 3 centimeters long. Corolla is pale blue, or the tube white within, turning purplish pink, about 5 centimeters long, with the limb shallowly 5-lobed. The capsules are ovoid, about 1 centimeter diameter, each containing 2 black and smooth seeds. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Poly(acrylonitrile) Grafted Ipomoea Seed-Gums: A Renewable Reservoir to Industrial Gums / Vandana Singh et al / Biomacromolecules, 2005, 6 (1), pp 453–456 / DOI: 10.1021/bm049518b (2) HEPATOPROTECTIVITY AND AN ANTIOXIDANT STUDY OF IPOMOEA HEDERACEA ON EXPERIMENTALLY INDUCED HEPATOTOXIC RATS / Ruckmani Devi S, M. Chitra and P. Jayamathi / Recent Research in Science and Technology 2010, 2(11): 17-19 (3) Ipomoea hederacea: an Imperative Source for Natural Antioxidants / Aziz-ur-Rehmana, Ansur Abbas, Tauheeda Riaz, Shargeel Ahmad et al / Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Research (4) NEMATICIDAL ACTIVITY OF SELECTED FLORA OF [...]


Family • Rubiaceae - Coffea arabica Linn. - ARABIAN COFFEE - Xiao guo ka fei Scientific names Coffea arabica Linn. Common names Cafe (Span.) Kahana (Sul.) Kape (Tag.) Kapi (Ilk., If., Tag.) Arabian coffee (Engl.) Ka fei (Chin.) Other vernacular names AFRIKAANS: Koffie. POLISH: Kawa. ARABIC: Kawa, Elive, Qahwa. PORTUGUESE: Cafe, Café, Caféeiro. CHINESE: Ka fei, Ka fei dou, Ka fei shu, Xiao guo ka fei, Xiao li ka fei. RUSSIAN: Kofe arabica. DANISH: Kaffe. SHONA: Muhubva. DUTCH: Arabicakoffie, Koffie, Koffiestruik. SPANISH: Arbol del café, Cafeto, Cafeto arábico, Cafeto de Arabia. FRENCH: Café arabica, Caféier commun, Caféier d'Arabie. SWAHILI: Kahawa. GERMAN: Arabicakaffee, Arabischer Kaffeebaum, Arabischer Kaffeestrauch, Bergkaffee, Kaffe. SWEDISH: Kaffe. GREEK: Kafes. TAMIL: Capie cottay. ITALIAN: Albero del caffè, Arbusto del caffè, Caffe, Caffè. TELUGU: Chaabe. JAPANESE: Arabika koohii, Koohii noki. THAI: Kafae. KOREAN: K'eo p'i na mu. TURKISH: Kahvé oghadji. MALAY: Kopi. VIETNAMESE: Càphê arabica. PERSIAN: Gehve, Tochem keweh. ZULU: Ikhofi, Ilikhofi. Botany Kape is a small, smooth tree reaching a height of 3 to 5 meters. Leaves are elliptic-ovate to elliptic-oblong, 8 to 15 centimeters long, shining, and pointed on both ends. The flowers are white, borne in fascicles in the axils of leaves. Corolla is 1.5 centimeters. Fruit is red, ovoid or ellipsoid, 1 to 1.4 centimeters long. Besides Coffea arabica, other species have been introduced in the Philippines: C. robusta, C. excelsa, C. liberica, C. canephora and C. ugandae. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Medicinal plants of the world / Ivan A. Ross (2) Studies on Lectins [...]


Family • Fabaceae - Sesbania grandiflora (Linn.) Pers. - WEST INDIAN PEA - Da hua tian jing Scientific names Sesbania grandiflora (Linn.) Pers. Robinia grandiflora Linn. Aeschynomene grandiflora Linn. Sesban grandiflorus Loir. Agati grandiflora Desv. Common names Agati (Hindi) Diana (Bag.) Gauai-gauai (P. Bis.) Kambang-turi (Sul.) Katodai (Ilk.) Katudai (Ilk., Ibn.) Katurai (Ibn., Tag., Pang.) Katuray (Tag.) Agati sesban (Engl.) Corkwood tree (Engl.) Hummingbird tree (Engl.) Swamp pea (Engl.) Vegetable hummingbird (Engl.) West Indian pea (Engl.) Da hua tian jing (Chin.) Other vernacular names ARABIC : Saysabān. MALAYALAM: Akatti. BENGALI : Agati, Agusta, Bagphal, Bak, Buko. MANIPURI: Houwaimal. CHINESE: Mu tian jing, Hong hu die, Luo jie. MARATHI : Akatti, Shevari, Hatga. CZECH : Sesbánie velkokvětá. NEPALESE: Agasti. DUTCH : Agati. PERSIAN: Sīsabān. FRENCH : Agati à grandes fleurs, Colibri végétal, Fagotier, Fleur papillon, Gros mourongue, Pois valette, Pois valier, Pois vallière, Sesbanie à larges fleurs PORTUGUESE : Agasto, Sesbânia. GERMAN : Kolibribaum, Turibaum, Scharlach Baumwisterie. SANSKRIT: Agasti , Agati, Agastya, Drigapalaka, Munipriya, Varnari. GUJARATI : Agathio. SINHALESE : Katura murunga. HINDI: Agasti, Agasati, Basna, Gaach-munga, Hathya, Hatiya. SLOVAKIAN : Sezbánia veľkokvetá. INDIAN: Hadaga. SPANISH : Baculo, Báculo, Cresta de gallo, Gallito, Pico de flamenco, Sesbania agata, Zapaton blanco. JAPANESE: Agachi, Shiro gochou, Shiro gochou. TAMIL : Agathi, Agatti, Akatti, Akatthi, Agathi keeray, Peragathi. KANNADA : Agastya. TELUGU : Agise, Agisi, Bakapushpam, Ettagise, Sukanasamu. KHMER : Angkiëdèi (Angkea dey), Pka angkea dey. THAI: Dok khae, Dok khae baan, Khae baan, Khae daeng. KOREAN: A ga ti, We-seu-teu-in-di-an-kong-na-mu. URDU : Agst. LAOTIAN: Kh'ê: kha:w. VIETNAMESE : So [...]


Family • Gramineae - Imperata exaltata Brogn. - PLUME GRASS Scientific names Imperata conferta Presl. Imperata exaltata Brogn. Imperata ramosa Anders. Saccharum confertum Presl Saccharum alopecurus Nees Saccharum negrosense Steud. Common names Gogon (Bik.) Kogon (Tag., Bis., Sul.) Pandang-lubuk (Sul.) Paraugutau (Sub.) Kogon-lake (Tag.) Plume grass (Engl.) Botany Kogon-lake is a grass, much larger and taller than kogon (Imperata cylindrica). Stem grows up to 2 meters high. Leaves are larger and longer than kogon. Panicles are 30 to 45 centimeters long. Distribution - Similar in habitat to Imperata cylindrica (Linn.) Beauv. var. Koenigii, but much less common. - Occurs from central Luzon to Palawan and Mindanao. - Also occurs from Java to the Moluccas. Parts used Fresh roots. Uses Folkloric - Decoction of fresh roots taken internally for diarrhea due to indigestion. - Decoction of roots with sugar prescribed for gonorrhea. Availability Wild-crafted.


Family • Orchidaceae - Dendrobium nutans (Presl) Ames - NODDING SWAMP ORCHID - Di bao lan Scientific names Arethusa glutinosa Blanco Dendrobium haenkeanum Steud. Dendrobium nutans (Presl) Ames Geodorum densiflorum (Lam.) Schltr. Geodorum semicristatum Lindl. Geodorum nutans Presl Common names Bandabok (Bis.) Cebollas del monte (Span.) Kula (Tag.) Lubi-lubi (P. Bis.) Di bao lan (Chin.) Other vernacular names JAPANESE: Tosaka meoto-ran. Botany Kula is a terrestrial orchid reaching a height of 70 centimeters, with slightly fleshy underground roots. Leaves are from 2 to 4, large and variable in size, elliptic-oblong to lanceolate, up to 35 centimeters long and centimeters wide, plicate, with a pointed tip. Scapes are 20 to 50 centimeters high, leafless, growing from the base of the leaf shoot. Racemes are nodding, 3 centimeters long when in flower and longer when in fruit. Flowers are pale-pink to purplish, about 1 centimeter long and numerous. Lip is retuse or bilobed at the apex. Capsule is nodding, about 3.5 centimeters long. Distribution - At sea level up to 300-meters altitude, especially in thickets and open places. - Occurs in Borneo, Taiwan, and Hongkong. Constituents Rhizomes reported to contain about 14% of a water-soluble adhesive. Properties Considered emollient. Parts utilized Tuberous roots. Uses Folkloric - Liniment made from the bulb and rice water used in phlegmatic tumors and abscesses. - In poultice form, used as emollient. Others - Glue: Tuberous roots contain a mucilage which is used as glue, used in cementing together parts of mandolins, guitars and other musical instruments. Study Findings • No studies found. Availability [...]


Family • Lamiaceae - Balbas-pusa - Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq. - CAT'S WHISKER - Mao xu cao Scientific names Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq. Ocimum aristatum Blume Orthosiphon stamineus Benth. Other vernacular names CHINESE: Mao xu cao. THAI: Yaa-nuat-maeo. Common names Balbas-pusa (Tag.) Kabling-gubat (Tag.) Kabling-parang (Tag.) Cat's whisker (Engl.) Indian kidney tea (Engl.) Java tea (Engl.) Kidney tea (Engl.) Botany Kabling-gubat is a slender, smooth or hairy undershrub, 30 to 60 centimeters high. Leaves in distant pairs, narrowed into the stalk, ovate, 5 to 10 centimeters long, pointed at both ends, coarsely toothed at the margins. Flowers are borne in very lax racemes. Calyx is bell-shaped, with a naked throat and two slender lower teeth. Corolla is 2.5 centimeters long, smooth, white or purplish, very slender in the tube, and thrice as long as the calyx. Nutlets are oblong and compressed. Distribution - In thickets, at low and medium altitudes in Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Bulacan, and Rizal Provinces in Luzon; and in Coron. - Also occurs in India through Malaya to tropical parts of Australia. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Antihypertensive actions of methylripariochromene A from Orthosiphon aristatus, an indonesian traditional medicinal plant / MATSUBARA T; BOHGAKI T et al / Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin / Oct 1999, vol. 22, no10, pp. 1083-108 (2) Three Indonesian medicinal plants were studied for their biologically active constituents / http://old.iupac.org/publications/pac/1999/71_06_pdf/shimbuya.pdf (3) Chemical Specification of Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq. / Duangpen Pattamodilok et al / Medicinal Plant Research Institute, Department of Medical Sciences, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand. (4) Orthosiphon Versus [...]


Family • Convolvulaceae - Merremia umbellata (Linn.) Hallier f. - YELLOW MERREMIA Scientific names Merremia umbellata (Linn.) Hallier f. Convolvulus umbellatus Linn. Ipomoea cymosa R. & S. Ipomoea polyanthes Common names Bangbañgau (Ilk.) Kalamitmit (Tagb.) Kamokamotihan (Pamp., Tag.) Malakamote (Pamp.) Tukod-tukod (P. Bis.) Hog vine (Engl.) Yellow merremia (Engl.) Yellow wood rose(Engl.) Other vernacular names ASSAMESE: Goria loti. BENGALI: Sapussunda. GUJARATI: Tumaisa. MALAYALAM: Kolavara valli, Vayaravalli. SPANISH: Cajete, Cuajo de ule, Jicama cimarrona, Quilamulillo. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) CONVOLVULACEAE / Merremia Dennst. ex Endl. / Gen. Pl., Suppl. 1: 1403 (1841). (2) Hogvine / Common names / Flowers of India (3) Phytochemical Analysis, Cytotoxic And Antioxidant Potential Of Ipomoea Pes Caprae(L)R.Br And Merremia Umbellata(L.)H. Hallier. / Minakshi Ganjir, Dipti Ranjan Behera, Sunita Bhatnagar / INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC & TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH VOLUME 2, ISSUE 5, MAY 2013 Botany Kalamitmit is a twining, herbaceous, more or less hairy vine, with slender stems. Leaves are oblong to oblong-ovate, 8 to 12 centimeters long, pointed at the tip and heart-shaped at the base. Inflorescence bears many flowers, and is borne in the axils of the leaves. Sepals are about 6 millimeters long. Corolla is white or yellow, tubular and funnel-shaped, about 3 centimeters long; limb is about 2.5 centimeters in diameter. Capsule is ovoid, smooth, about 1 centimeter long. Seeds are covered with spreading, black or brown hairs. Distribution - Throughout the Philippines, in thickets at medium altitudes. - Pantropic. Properties Plant considered deobstruent, diuretic and alterative. Parts used Root, leaves, seeds. Uses Edibility - Young leaves [...]