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Makahiya

Family • Mimosoideae / Mimosaceae - Mimosa pudica Linn. - BASHFUL MIMOSA - Pa chou cao Scientific names Mimosa asperata Blanco Mimosa pudica Linn. Han xiu cao (Chin.) Other common names Babain (Ilk.) Damohia (Tag.) Dilgansusu (Ilk.) Harupai (S. L. Bis.) Huya-huya (Bis.) Kiromkirom (S. L. Bis.) Makahia (Pang., Tag.) Sipug-sipug (Sub.) Tuyag-huyag (P. Bis.) Torog-torog (Bik.) Bashful mimosa (Engl.) Humble plant (Engl.) Sensitive plant (Engl.) Shame plant (Engl.) Tickle-Me plant (Engl.) Pa chou cao (Chin.) Other vernacular names BENGALI: Laajak, Lajjavathi. CHINESE: Pa chou cao, Zhi xiu cao, Hu he cao, Xiao li cao DANISH: Almindelig mimose. DUTCH: Kruidje-roer-me-niet. FINNISH: Tuntokasvi. FRENCH: Mimeuse commune, Mimeuse pudique, Sensitive. GERMAN: Gemeine Mimose, Sinnpflanze. HINDI: Chuimui, Lajaalu, Lajjavanthi, Lajouni. ITALIAN / SWEDISH: Sensitiva. MALAYSIAN: Semalu. SANSKRIT: Khadiraka, Lajjalu, Namaskaar, Namaskaari, Raktapaadi, Samangaa, Shamipatra. SPANISH: Dormidera, Sensitiva, Vergonzosa. TAMIL: Tottalavaadi. TELUGU: Attaapatti. Botany Makahiya is a diffusely spreading, half-woody herb, with branched stems up to 1 meter long, sparingly prickly with numerous deflexed, bristly hairs. The leaves are very sensitive, both pinnae and leaflets, folding when touched. Pinnae are usually 4, digitately arranged at the end of each petiole, and 4 to 9 centimeters long. The leaflets are narrowly oblong, inequilateral, 1 to 1.5 centimeters long, sessile, sparingly bristly, with pointed tips. Heads are long-peduncled, solitary or 2 to 3 in each axil, about 1 centimeter in diameter. Pods are flat, slightly recurved, 1 to 2 centimeters long, with 3 to 5 one-sided joints that fall away on maturity. Florets are red in the upper part with [...]

Malakatmon

Family • Dilleniaceae - Tetracera scandens (Linn.) Merr. - STONE LEAF - Mao guo xi ye teng Scientific names Tetracera scandens (Linn.) Merr. Tragia scandens Linn. Delima frangulaefolia Presl. Delima sarmentosa Linn. Delima aspera Blanco Delima hebecarpa DC. Common names Dañgilian (Bag.) Malakatmon (Tag., Pamp.) Malbas-Tigbalang (Tag.) Pakiling (Sbl.) Stone leaf (Engl.) Other vernacular names CHINESE: Mao guo xi ye teng. MALAYSIAN: Mempelas kesar, Akar mempelas. VIETNAMESE: Cay day chieu, Mo seo.Cay y hit. Botany Malakatmon is a climbing vine growing about 3 to 4 meters in length. Leaves are leathery, harsh, oblong-ovate to oblong-elliptic, 6 to 12 centimeters long, toothed at the margins. Flowers are numerous, white, about 8 millimeters in diameter, and borne on terminal and axillary panicles, 10 to 25 centimeters long. Carpel is solitary. Fruit is oblong-ovoid, pointed, nearly 1 centimeter long, containing one hairy seed. Aril is cupular and toothed. Distribution - Common in dry thickets, at low and medium altitudes in Pangasinan, Zambales, Tarlac, Bataan, Rizal, Cavite, and Laguna Provinces in Luzon; and in Mindoro, Busuanga, Palawan, Biliran, and Mindanao. - Also occurs in India to southern China, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia and Mayanmar. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Anti-hyperglycemic activity of the leaves of Tetracera scandens Linn. Merr. (Dilleniaceae) in alloxan induced diabetic rats. / Umar A, Ahmed QU, et al / J Ethnopharmacol 2010 Jun 18. (2) Genistein-derivatives from Tetracera scandens stimulate glucose-uptake in L6 myotubes / Lee MS, Kim CH et al / Biol Pharm Bull. 2009 Mar;32(3):504-8. (3) Identification of anti-HIV and anti-Reverse Transcriptase activity from Tetracera scandens / Hyeok [...]

Maluko

Family • Nyctaginaceae - Pisonia alba Spanoghe. - LETTUCE TREE - Jiao guo mu Scientific names Pisonia alba Spanoghe. Pisonia umbellifera (J. R. Forst. et G. Forst) Seem. Other vernacular names CHINESE: Pi sun mu. DUTCH: Moluksche kool. Common names Koles-maluko (Tag.) Maluko (Tag.) Cabbage tree (Engl.) Lettuce tree (Engl.) Wire lettuce (Engl.) Jiao guo mu (Chin.) Botany Maluko is an erect, unarmed, smooth or nearly smooth tree, attaining a height of 10 meters. Leaves are thin, very pale green or greenish yellow - those at the end of branches being nearly white- oblong-ovate, 12 to 15 centimeters long, with pointed apex and rounded base. Flowers are borne in terminal, dense, corymbose cymes. Male flowers are white or greenish-white, about 6 millimeters long. Female flowersare smaller. Fruit is long-pedicelled, club-shaped, 12 to 18 millimeters long, 5-angled, each angle bearing one row of prickles. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) a-Glucosidase Inhibitory and Antidiabetic Activities of Ethanolic Extract of Pisonia alba Span. Leaves / Christudas Sunil et al / IJIB, 2009, Vol 6, No 1, 41. (2) Subacute toxicity study of crude extract of Pisonia alba Span. leaves on rat liver and heart / Sugaporn Prasettho, Somsamorn Chittrakarn and Uraporn Vongvatcharanon /Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology, 2003, Vol 25, No 4, Pp 515-524 (3) Novel synthesis of silver nanoparticles using leaf ethanol extract of Pisonia grandis (R. Br) / M. Jannathul Firdhouse, P. Lalitha* and Shubashini K. Sripathi / Der Pharma Chemica, 2012, 4(6):2320-2326 (4) Chemical constituents and antitubercular activity of Formosan Pisonia umbellifera / Hsiou-Ting Kuo, Chien-Fang [...]

Mansanitas

Family • Rhamnaceae - Ziziphus jujuba (Linn.) Lam. - JUJUBE PLUM - Da zao Common names Mansanitas ( Tag.) Jujuba (Engl.) Jujube plum (Engl.) Red date (Engl.) Sour Chinese date (Engl.) Da zao (Chin.) Scientific names Ziziphus jujuba Mill. Ziziphus zizyphus (L.) Meikle Rhamnus jujuba Linn. Rhamnus zizyphus Linn. Other vernacular names ARABIC: Dum, Nabq, Tsal, Sadr, Sidr, Zufzuuf. PERSIAN: Anab, Annab, Sidr. BULGARIAN: Hinap. RUSSIAN: Zizifus, Zizifus zhozhoba, Zizifus obyknovennyj, Jujuba kitaiskaia, Zhozhoba, Zhuzhuba. CATALAN: Ginjoler. SANSKRIT: Badara, Suphala. CHINESE: Zao shu, Zao zi, Hong zao, Da tian zao, Ji, Suan zao shu, Jiao zhen, Ying zao, Shan zao shu. SPANISH: Azofaifa, Azofaifo, Azofeifo, Azufaifa, Azufaifas, Achifaifa , Azufaifo, Azufaifo común, Azufaifo chino, Azufeifo, Gínjol, Ginjolero, Jijolero, Jinjol, Jínjol, Jínjolera, Jinjolero, Jinjoles, Jujuba, Zofaifo. ESTONIAN: Kreektürn. SWEDISH: Jujubär. FRENCH: Jujubier commun, Jujube de Chine, Jujubier de Chine. TAMIL: Ilantai, Irantai. GERMAN: Brustbeere, Brustbeerbaum, Chinesische Dattel, Domjujube, Jujube, Judendom. TELUGU: Regu, Gangarenu. GREEK: Zizifia, Zizyfon. THAI: Phutsaa cheen. HINDI: Badara, Badari, Ber, Beri. TURKISH: Hünnap. ITALIAN: Giuggiole, Giuggiolo. VIETNAMESE: Táo tàu. JAPANESE: Sanebuto natsume. Botany Mansanitas is a small tree 5 to 10 meters high. Branches are armed with short, sharp spines. Leaves are elliptic-ovate, 5 to 8 centimeters long, 3 to 5 centimeters wide, rounded at the base, green and smooth on the upper surface and densely covered with woolly, pale hairs beneath. Flowers are greenish white, about 7 millimeters in diameter, borne on axillary cymes 3 centimeters in diameter or less. Fruit is fleshy and mealy, smooth, orange or red, ovoid or [...]

Mickey mouse bush

Family • Ochnaceae - Ochna serrulata Walp. - MICKEY MOUSE PLANT Scientific names Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Walp. Ochna atropurpurea sensu Harv. non Dc. Diporidium serrulatum Hochst. Other vernacular names AFRIKAANS: Fynblaarrooihout. FINNISH: Kiiltomikinpensas. ZULU: Umbomvane Common names Bird's eye bush (Engl.) Bird's eye plant (Engl.) Carnival bush (Engl.) Carnival ochna (Engl.) Mickey mouse bush (Engl.) Mickey mouse plant (Engl.) Small-leaved plane (Engl.) Gen info - Etymology: Ochna, of Greek origin from the word Ochne means 'wild pear'; serrulata, of Latin origin from the word serrula means 'little saw' referring to the fine-toothed margins of the leaves. - Taxonomy: Ochna serrulata was first described by German naturalist Christian Ferdinand Friedrich Hochstetter, and Its binomial name was given by Wilhelm Gerhard Walpers. - Ochna serrulata, from the family Ochnaceae, is one of the 86 species of Ochna shrub and trees. It is similar to Ochna kirkii, also called Mickey Mouse plant, which has larger and rounder leaves and larger flowers. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Ochna serrulata Walp. / Synonym / The Plant List (2) Ochna serrulata / A Database of Indigenous South African Flora / Kumbula Indigenous Nursery (3) |Harnessing the healing properties of medicinal plants / Dr. Monica Ndoile (4) Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Bush) / Ten Random Facts (5) Five Ochna species have high antibacterial activity and more than ten antibacterial compounds / Tshepiso J. Makhafola and Jacobus N. Eloff / S Afr J Sci 2012; 108 (1/2) (6) In vitro cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of five Ochna species (Ochnaceae) with excellent antibacterial activity/ Tshepiso J. Makhafola, Lyndy J. McGaw, , Jacobus N. Eloff [...]

Makikitot

Family • Euphorbiaceae - Euphorbia thymifolia Linn. - CHICKEN WEED - Qian gen cao Scientific names Euphorbia thymifolia Linn. Euphorbia rubrosperma Lotsy Euphorbia microphylla Lam. Chamaesyce thymifolia (L.) Millsp. Anisophyllum thymifolium Common names Makikitot (Tag.) Nayoti (India) Golondrina (Span.) Chickenweed (Engl.) Gulf sandmat (Engl.) Thyme leaf spurge(Engl.) Qian gen cao (Chin.) Other vernacular names BENGALI: Nanha pusi toa, Raktakerui, Shwet-keruee. RUSSIAN: Molochai tim'ianolistnyj. CHINESE: Xi ye du jian cao, Xiao fei yang, Ziao lei yang cao. SANSKRIT: Dugdhika, Gorakshadugdhi, Laghudugdhi, Laghududhika, Raktabinducchada. HINDI: Choti-dudhi, Chothadudhi, Chhotidudhi, Chhoti-dudhi, Duddhi, Dudhiya, Nigachuni. SINHALESE : Bindadakiriya, Chittirapalavi. INDONESIAN: Patikan china, Gelang pasir, Krokot china, Ki mules, Nanagkaan gede, Jalu-jalu tona. SPANISH: Golondrina. KANNADA : Bilechitra phala, Bilee chitraphala. TAMIL: Ammam pacharisi, Peṟu siththiṟa pāllādai, Peṟu siththirai pālāvi, Peṟung kuṟumpai. MALAYALAM: Caicotten-pala, Nilappala. THAI: Nam nom ratchasi lek. MALAYSIA: Gelang susu, Jarak blanda, Rumpot janggot, Sedang padang, Sisik merah. TELUGU: Bidurunabiyam, Bidurunanabiyam. ORIYA: Rangoalathi. VIETNAMESE: Co sa dat. PERSIAN: Hazardanah. Botany Makikitot is an annual, spreading or prostrate, much branched, slender, smooth or somewhat hairy herb. Stems are usually reddish, growing up to 20 centimeters in length. Leaves are opposite, distichous, somewhat oblique, elliptic to oblong, 4 to 7 millimeters long and obscurely crenulate. Involucres are about 1 millimeter long, purplish and borne on the axils of much reduced leaves or bracts on crowded short branchlets from the leaf axils. Fruits are capsules, hairy, 3-angled and about 1.5 millimeters long. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) EUPHORBIA THYMIFOLIA SUPPRESSES HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS-2 INFECTION BY DIRECTLY INACTIVATING VIRUS INFECTIVITY / [...]

Malalubigan

Family • Cyperaceae - Mapania humilis (Hassk.) F.-Vill. Scientific names Mapania humilis (Hassk.) F.-Vill. Pandanophyllum humile Hassk. Lepironia humilis Miq. Common names Babakal (Sub.) Lubigan (P. Bis.) Maribari (S. L. Bis.) Malalubigan (Tag.) Botany Malalubigan is a plant with short rhizomes, obliquely descending, and passing upwards into a short stem terminated by a crown of densely equitant leaves. Leaves are 30 to 90 cm long, 2.5 to 4 cm wide. Scapes are axillary in the lower leaves, 5 to 12 cm long, clothed by scales at the base. Inflorescences, when young, are oblong, and when mature, ovoid. Distribution In damp primary forests at low and medium altitudes throughout the Philippines. Also occurs in the Malay Peninsula and Archipelago. Parts used Leaves. Uses Folkloric Leaves used as a remedy for fever. Availability Wild-crafted.

Malunggay

Family • Moringaceae - Moringa oleifera Lam. - BEN OIL TREE - La mu Scientific names Moringa oleifera Lam. Moringa nux-ben Perr. Moringa pterygosperma Gaertn. Guilandina moringa Linn. Common names Arunggai (Pang.) Balungai (P. Bis.) Dool (Bik.) Kamalongan (P. Bis.) Kalamungai (C. Bis.) Kalungai (Bik., Bis., Tag.) Kalunggay (Bik.) Kamalungai (Pamp., Tag.) Komkompilan (Ilk.) Molongai (Tag.) Malungay (Tag.) Malunggue (Pamp.) Malungit (Pamp., Bis.) Maroñgoi (Sbl.) Maruñgaai (Ilk., Ibn.) Ben oil tree (Engl.) Ben tree (Eng.) Behn tree (Engl.) Behen tree (Engl.) Drumstick tree (Engl.) Horse-radish tree (Engl.) Miralce tree (Engl.) La mu (Chin.) Other vernacular names ARABIC: Alim, Halim, Habbah ghaliah, Rawag, Ruwag, Shagara al ruwag, Shagara al ruway. ASSAMESE: Sojina. BENGALI: Munga ara, Saajanaa (Sajna), Sojna, Sojne danta, Sujana. BURMESE: Daintha, Dandalonbin, Dan da lun, Dan da lun bin. CZECH: Moringa olejná. DANISH: Behennødtræ. DUTCH: Benboom, Peperwortel boom. FRENCH: Ben ailé, Ben ailée, Ben oléifère, Moringa ailée, Pois quénique. GERMAN: Behenbaum, Behennussbaum, Meerrettichbaum, Pferderettichbaum. GUJARATI: Midho saragavo, Saragavo, Saragvo, Seeng ni phali, Suragavo. HINDI: Munagaa, Munga ara, Munuga, Muranka, Muruggai, Sahijan, Senjana, Suhujna. HUNGARIAN: Lóretekfa. ITALIAN: Been, Bemen. JAPANESE: Marungai, Marunga oreifera, Wasabi no ki. KANNADA: : Nuggaeekayee, Nuggekayee. KHMER: Daem mrom, Daem mrum. LAOTIAN: B'loum. MALAY: NKachang kelur, Kelor, Kalor, Lemunggai, Meringgai, Remunggai , Sajor kelor, Semunggai. MALAYALAM: Moringa, Morunna, Muringa, Muringai, Muringakka (fruit), Murinna, Sigru. MARATHI: Shevga, Shevga chi seeng, Shivga, Sujna. NEPALESE: Sajiwan, Sitachini, Swejan. PORTUGUESE: Acácia branca, Moringa, Muringueiro. PUNJABI: Saajinaa, Sanjina, Soanjana. SANSKRIT: Danshamula, Shobhanjana, Sigru Shobhanjan, Sobhan jana. SINHALESE: Moo rin guu, Murunga. SPANISH: Árbol del ben, [...]

Manunggal

Family • Simaroubaceae - Quassia indica Gaertn. - BITTER WOOD Scientific names Manungala pendula Gaertn Niota tetrapetala  Poir. Quassia indica (Gaertn.) Noot. Samadera indica Gaertn. Samadera tetrapetala Poir. Samadera indica Gaertn. Other vernacular names FRENCH: Quassia de l'Inde, Quassia de Madagascar. INDONESIAN: Gatep pait, Sahangi, Iani. MALAGASY: Bemafaitry. MALAYALAM: Karingota, Karinjotta (S. indica). MALAYSIAN: Kayu pahit, Kelapahit, Manuggal. PAPUA NE GUINEA: Tosi. SANSKRIT: .ucchakaranja SPANISH: Simaruba de Madagascar. VIETNAMESE: S[aa]m d[eef], Th[awf]n l[awf]n [aas]n. Common names Daraput (Bis.) Linatog-anat (Bis.) Linton-gamai (Bis.) Mabingdato (Bis.) Malunggal (Tag.) Mongal (Tag.) Palagarium (Bis.) Palagium (Bis.) Palo santo (Span.) Ponoan (Bis.) Bitter wood (Engl.) Madagascar quassia (Engl.) Niepa bark tree (Engl.) Botany Manunggal is a tree, smooth and growing to 10 meters high. Bark is pale and transversely cracked. Wood is light yellow and soft. Leaves are simple, elliptic-oblong, about 20 centimeters wide. Flowers are numerous, bisexual, 4-parted, pinkish yellow, on dense and pedunculated short-stalked umbels. Fruit is oval, about 6 centimeters long and 2.5 centimeters wide consisting of one carpet, flattened and keeled. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Effects of plant extracts on fecundity and fertility of mosquitoes / J Muthukrishnan and E Pushpalatha / Journal of Applied Entomology, Volume 125 Issue 1-2, Pages 31 - 35 / Publ OnLine July 2008 / DOI 10.1111/j.1439-0418.2001.00503. (2) Sorting Quassia names / Authorised by Prof. Snow Barlow / Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1997 - 2000 The University of Melbourne. (3) Quassia indica / Vernacular names / GLOinMED (4) Development and evaluation of antimicrobial [...]

Milfoil

Family • Compositae - Achillea millefolium Linn. - YARROW - Shi cao Scientific names Achillea millefolium Linn. Achillea lanulosa Nutt. Achillea subhirsuta Gilib. Millefolium officinale Gueldenst. Common names Bloodwort (Engl.) Carpenter's weed (Engl.) Milfoil (Engl.) Thousand leaf (Engl.) Thousand-seal (Engl.) Yarrow (Engl.) Yarroway (Engl.) Shi cao (Engl.) Other vernacular names ARABIC: Om alf waraka. CHINESE: Ou shi, Qian ye shi, Ju cao CROATIAN: Armanj, Jezičec, Jutrocel, Kačak, Paprac, Rebrac, Reza, Rman DANISH: Duizendblad. FINNISH: Aivastusjuuri, Akantupakki, Siank FRENCH: Millefeuille, Herbe aux coupures, Herbe aux militaires, Herbe de St. Jean. GERMAN: Gemeine schafgarbe, Tausendblatt, Wiesen-Schafgarb. ITALIAN: Millefoglie, Milefoglio. JAPANESE: Seiyou no kogirisou, Yaroo. NORWEGIAN: Ryllik, Vanlig ryllik. POLISH: Krwawnik pospolity. PORTUGESE: Espuma-do-mar, Mil-em-rama, Mil-folhas. RUSSIAN: Tysjačelistnik obyknovennyj. SERBIAN: Ajdučica, Ajdučka trava, Aspra, Jalovi mesecnjak, Kunji rep, Krokoted. SLOVENIAN: Arman, Grenki man, Erman, Zavrelec, Mezinec, Rmanc, Runica. SPANISH: Alcanfor, Ciento en rama, Mil hojas, Milefolio , Milenrama, Milhojas. Factoid Yarrow (Achilles millefolium) was named after Achilles, the Greek mythical hero who used it to stop the bleedng wounds of his soldiers. Botany Milfoil is an erect perennial herb growing to a height of 50 to 90 centimeters. Leaves are without stalks, 1- to 2-pinnately parted into linear-toothed segments. Heads occur in flat-topped corymbs. Flowers are white, red, or purplish, with five rays. Distribution - Occurs in Baguio and the Mountain Province as an ornamental, cultivated for its flowers and foliage. - Also found in the Western Himalayas, extending to Northern Asia, Europe and America. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Safety and antiulcer efficacy studies of [...]