Family • Asteracea - Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr. - LONGEVITY SPINACH - Bai bing ca Scientific names Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr. Gynura affinis Turcz. Gynura angulosa F.-Vill. Gynura sarmentosa DC. Gynura scabra Lour. Senecio cacaliaster Blanco Senecio mindorensis Elm. Ping wo ju san qi (Chin.) Common names Gues (Neg.) Kamañgi (Tag.) Purpuriket (Ilk.) Sabuñgai (Ig.) Mollucan spinach (Engl.) Longevity spinach (Engl.) Cholesterol spinach (Engl.) Leaves of Gods (Engl.) Bai bing ca (Chin.) Other vernacular names CAMBODIA: Chi angkam. CHINESE: Man san qi cao, Lam fei yip INDONESIA: Daun dewa, Sambung nyawa MALAYSIA: Dewa raja, Akar sebiak, Kacham akar. THAILAND: Paetumpung VIETNAMESE: Kim That Tai. Cay Tieu Duong, Tiem Vinh Botany Sabuñgai is a twining vine, smooth except for the peduncles. Leaves are stalked (the uppermost onesstalkless), ovate-elliptic or lanceolate, 3.5 to 8 centimeters long, and 0.8 to 3.5 centimeters wide, with somewhat entire or toothed margins. Flowering heads are panicled, narrow, yellow, and 1 to 1.5 centimeters long. Involucral bracts are smooth and up to 6 millimeters long. Achenes are very small and smooth, with very close and slender ribs. Distribution - In thickets along streams, in old clearings, etc., at low and medium altitudes, ascending to 1,500 meters, from northern Luzon to Mindanao, in most islands and provinces. - Also occurs in Thailand and Indo-China to Malaya. Constituents - Study identified abundant proteins from the leaves. Peroxidase was the abundant protein in the leaves. Other valuable proteins in the leaves were osmotin like protein I and thaumatin like protein I (TL) - An ethanolic extract yielded alkaloids and [...]


Family • Capparidaceae / Capparaceae - Tinikan - Capparis micracantha DC. - CAPER THORN - Niu yan jing Scientific names Capparis odorata Blanco Capparis flexuosa Blume Capparis forsteniana Miq. Capparis halobagat Naves Capparis henryi Matsum Capparis micracantha DC. Other vernacular names CHINESE: Niu yan jing. MALAY: Melada.  Common names Abuñgung (P. Bis.) Balituk (Buk.) Bayabas-uak (Tag.) Dauag (Tag.) Dawag (Tag.) Halubagat-kahoi (Tag.) Kasuit (Pamp.) Malarayat-kahoi (Tag.) Salimbagat (Tag.) Salimomo (Bis.) Saluasua (Bis.) Tarabtab (Ilk.) Tarabtab-ual (Ilk.) Taraptap (Ilk.) Tinikan (Tag.) Capertree (Engl.) Caper thorn (Engl.) Xiao ci shin gan (Chin.) Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Sorting Capparis names / Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / A Work in Progress. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia / Copyright © 1997 - 2000 The University of Melbourne. (2) Antimicrobial activity of the extracts from Benchalokawichian remedy and its components. / Nuaeissara S, Kondo S, Itharat A. / J Med Assoc Thai. 2011 Dec;94 Suppl 7:S172-7. Botany Salimbagat is a smooth, half-erect shrub with drooping branches or a vine growing to 2 to 4 meters, with short, sharp and nearly straight stipular thorns. Leaves are oblong to oblong-elliptic, 8 to 17 centimeters long, leathery, shiny, with a blunt apex and rounded base. Flowers are in vertical line aloing the branches above the leaf axils, shortly pedicelled, 2 to 6 in a series, the uppermost one of each series opening first. Sepals are pale green. Petals are oblong or elliptic, 1 centimeter long. Fruit is [...]


Family • Orchidaceae - Dendrobium anosmum Lindl. - PURPLE RAIN Scientific names Dendrobium anosmum Lindl. Dendrobium dayanum Grindon Dendrobium leucorhodum Schltr. Dendrobium macranthum Miq. [Illegitimate] Dendrobium macrophyllum Lindl. [Illegitimate] Dendrobium scortechinii Hook.f. Dendrobium superbum Rchb.f. [Illegitimate] Dendrobium anosmum Lindl. is an accepted name The Plant List Common names Sanggumay (Tag.) Purple rain (Engl.) Other vernacular names HAWAIIAN: Hono-hono. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Dendrobium anosmum Lindl. is an accepted name / Synonyms (2) Chemistry, bioactivity and quality control of Dendrobium, a commonly used tonic herb in traditional Chinese medicine / Jun xu, Quan-Bin Han, Song-Lin li, Xiao-Jia Chen, Xiao-Ning Wang, Zhong-Zhen Zhao / Phytochemistry Reviews (Impact Factor: 2.89). 06/2013; 12(2). / DOI: 10.1007/s11101-013-9310-8 (3) Sanggumays Flowering in the City: A Noteworthy Philippine Orchid Species / Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 Gen info  • Denbrobium is a huge genus of tropical orchids of about 1,200 species. Over 60 species of Dendrobium are recorded in the Philippines. Two of the favorite cultivated species are: Dendrobium anosmum Lindl. (sanggumay) and Dendrobium crumenatum Kranzl (Pigeon orchid). Some species are grown as medicinal plants, one of which is Dendrobium nobile, used in traditional Chinese medicine. In Vietnam, the entire genus of Dendrobium is considered medicinal. • Sanggumay is derived from two Tagalog root words: "sangsang" meaning nauseating and overpowering (smell), and "umay" meaning tiredsome Botany Denbrobium anosmum is a tufted epiphytic, occasionally lithophytic herb. Stems are terete, nodose and erect or pendulous. Leaves are coriaceous or entire, flat, often articulate with sheaths. Flowers are borne on leafless stems, each flower measuring about 8 centimeters, with mauve to purple petals, with a broad [...]


Family • Cucurbitaceae - Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. - CHAYOTE - Yang si gua Scientific names Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. Fu shou gua (Chin.) Other vernacular names CHOMORRO: Choyote FRENCH: Chayotte, Chou-chou, Chouchoute, Christofine, Christophine, Mirliton HAWAIIAN: Pipinola PERU: Gayota SAMOAN: Soko. SPANISH: Chocho, Pipinela, Tallote TONKAN: Sioka Common names Sayote (Tag.) Tsayote (Most dialects) Chayote (Engl.) Choyote (Engl.) Choko (Engl.) Christophine (Engl.) Pipinella (Engl.) Vegetable pear (Engl.) Yang si gua (Chin.) Botany Sayote is a tropical perennial vine, with stems climbing to 40 feet high. Rootstock is tuberous. Leaf petioles are 6 inches long. Leaves are hairy, broadly cordate, entire or angled, 10 to 20 centimeters long. Flowers are staminate, yellowish to pale green, in long racemes. Pistillate flowers are solitary, corolla 12 to 17 millimeters. Fruit is pear-shaped, light green, and slightly wrinkled or with shallow, narrow, longitudinal grooves, in some forms set with soft spines. Seed is single, large, with a smooth testa, clinging to the flesh, protruding from the fruit apex. Distribution - Introduced. - Probably native to Mexico. - Cultivated Constituents - Study yielded eight flavonoids including three C-glycosyl and five O-glycosyl flavones. The leaves gave the highest amount of flavonoids - Phytochemical analysis of fruit (pulps and seeds) yielded alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, and terpenoids. Properties - Antiulcer, laxative, diuretic. Parts used Leaves and fruit. Uses Nutritional - The fruit, tuber, stems and leaves are edible. - Leaves are used in stews. - Low in fiber, high in carbohydrate and caloric content. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Antioxidant [...]

Sibuyas tagalog

Family • Liliaceae - Allium ascalonicum L. - SHALLOT - Huo cong Scientific name Allium ascalonicum Linn. Allium cepa (L.) var ascalonicum (L.) Backer. Other vernacular names CHINESE: Xi xiang cong, Xiang cong, Xia hong cong. FRENCH: Échalote rouge 'Red Sun'. PORTUGUESE: Cebolha roxa. Common names Bawang pula (Tag.) Lasona (Ilk.) Sibuyas-Bisaya (Bis.) Sibuyas-na-pula (Tag.) Sibuyas-tagalog (Tag.) Chinese red onions (Engl.) Chinese red shallots (Engl.) Shallot (Engl.) Garden shallot (Engl.) Baker's garlic (Engl.) Huo cong (Chin.) Botany Sibuyas-tagalog is a low herb, 15 to 50 centimeters high, with red, ovoid, subterranean bulbs, 1.5 to 4 centimeters long, 1 to 4 centimeters in diameter, with accessory bulbs. Leaves are fistular, terete and glaucous with pointed and subulate tips. Pedicles are long, erect, fistular and 20 to 50 centimeters long. Umbels are rounded, 2.5 to 3.5 centimeters diameter, containing many flowers. The pedicels are 1 to 1.5 centimeters long. Sepals are free, ovate-oblong, white or pale lilac, 0.4 to 0.9 centimeter long. Distribution • Introduced during remote times. • Grown extensively in Batangas Province and cultivated in other provinces in Luzon. • Originated in the Levant. • Now cultivated in Java, Malaya, and India. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) In vitro anti-Helicobacter pylori potential of methanol extract of Allium ascalonicum Linn. (Liliaceae) leaf: susceptibility and effect on urease activity / Phytotherapy Research Vol 18 Issue 5, Pages 358 - 361 / 10.1002/ptr.1265 About DOI (2) Haematological evaluation of ethanolic extract of Allium ascalonicum in male albino rats / B.V. Owoyelea, O.T. Alabia, J.O. Adebayoa, A.O. Soladoyea, A.I.R. Abioyeb, S.A. Jimoh / [...]


Family • Araliaceae - Schefflera trifoliata Merr. & Rolfe Scientific names Schefflera trifoliata Merr. & Rolfe Heptapleurum caudatum Vidal Common names Gauai-gauai (Tag.) Himainat (Tag.) Sinat (Tag.) Botany Sinat is a smooth woody vine. Leaves are trifoliate, with petioles 3 to 8 centimeters long. Leaflets are oblong to oblong-ovate, the tip being pointed. Inflorescences are terminal, with few branches, and 20 to 25 centimeters long. Flowers are numerous, with stalks 4 to 5 millimeters long. Fruit is oblong, 6 millimeters long and 3 millimeters wide, with five angles. Distribution - Only in primary forests at low and medium altitudes in the Laguna and Quezon provinces in Luzon, and in Polillo. Parts used Leaves. Uses Folkloric - In Laguna, crushed leaves, with our without oil, applied externally for tympanites of children. - Internally the leaves given with wine to women as tonic after childbirth; also for irregular menstruation. Availability Wild-crafted.


Family • Asteraceae - Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni - SWEET LEAF - Tian ju ye Other scientific names Eupatorium rebaudiana Bertoni Common names Candy leaf Sweet honey leaf Sweet leaf Stevia Yerba dulce (Span.) Tian ju ye (China) Botany A herbaceous perennial growing up to 0.6 10 1 meter high, with leaves 2 to 3 cm long, flowering from January to March in the southern hemisphere. General info A South American plant popular as a natural sweetening agent and dietary supplement. It was discovered in Paraguay in 1887 and is native to Brazil, Venezuela, Columbia and Paraguay where it has been used for over 1000 years to sweeten unpleasant tasting medicinal drinks. It is a potential natural alternative to artificial sweeteners (such as aspartame or sodium saccharin), but it has been involved in a tug-o-war of controversy. In December 2008, the United States FDA permitted Rebiana-based sweeterners as food additive. Widely used in Japan, China, Korea, Israel and South American countries, It is available in the U.S. as a dietary supplement. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Natural Standard / Integrative Medicine Newsletter / January 2009  (2) Chronic administration of aqueous extract of Stevia rebaudiana in rats: renal effects / M S Mells et al / doi:10.1016/0378-8741(95)01271-E / Journal of Ethnopharmacology • Vol 47, Issue 3, 28 July 1995, Pages 129-134 (3) A double-blind placebo-controlled study of the effectiveness and tolerability of oral stevioside in human hypertension / Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2000 September; 50(3): 215–220. / doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2125.2000.00260.x. (4) Oxidative DNA Damage Preventive Activity and [...]

Sword leaf dianella

Family • Hemerocallidaceae / Liliaceae - Dianella ensifolia (L.) DC. - UMBRELLA DRACAENA - Shan jian lan Scientific names Dianella ensifolia (L.) DC. Dianella nemerosa Lam. Dianella robusta Elm. Dracaena ensifolia Linn. Common names Dianella (Engl.) Cerulean flax-lily (Engl.) Sword leaf dianella (Engl.) Umbrella dracaena (Engl.) New Zealand lilyplant (Engl.) Shan jian (Chin.) Other vernacular names CHINESE: Shan jian lan. INDONESIAN: Jamaka, Jambaka, Labeh-labeh, Menuntil, Suliga, Tegar, Tengar, Rumput siak-siak. JAPANESE: Kikyo-ran. MALAYSIAN: Siak-siak, Siak-siak basya, Siak-siak jantan, Senjuang, Benjuang, Lenjuang benar. THAI: Ya nu ton. VIETNAMESE: Cay huong lau. Botany Sword leaf dianella is a perennial with stems 60 to 150 centimeters long. Leaves are linear-lanceolate, 30 to 60 centimeters long, and 2 to 4 centimeters wide. Inflorescence is 30 to 60 centimeters long. Flowers are white greenish or bluish, with the segments 6 to 8 millimeters long, and reflexed. Seeds are ovoid and bluish. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Chemical constituents of Dianella ensifolia Redoute / Vitchu Lojanapiwatha, Kovit Chancharoen et al / Jour Sci Soc Thailand 8 (1982) (2) Dianella ensifolia/ Vernacular names / GLOBinMED (3) Modification of skin discoloration by a topical treatment containing an extract of Dianella ensifolia: a potent antioxidant. / Mammone T, Muizzuddin N, Declercq L, Clio D, Corstjens H, Sente I, Van Rillaer K, Matsui M, Niki Y, Ichihashi M, Giacomoni PU, Yarosh D. / J Cosmet Dermatol. 2010 Jun;9(2):89-95. doi: 10.1111/j.1473-2165.2010.00491.x. (4) Quantification of a novel natural antioxidant (UP302) in rat plasma using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. / Zhang SQ, Zhu L, Wen N, Yu M, [...]


Family • Fabaceae - Abrus precatorius Linn. - PRAYER BEADS - Xiang xi dou Scientific names Abrus precatorius Linn. Abrus abrus (L.)Wright Abrus cyaneus R.Vig. Abrus maculatus Noronha Abrus minor Desv. Abrus pauciflorus Desv. Glycine abrus L. Common names Agaion (C. Bis.) Aguiañgiang (Bis.) Aroiañgiang (Bis.) Bañgati (Tag., Bik., Bis.) Bugaiong (Ilk., Bon., Pang.) Bugbugaiong (Ilk.) Gumaing (Bon.) Gikos-gikos (Bis.) Kansasaga (Pamp., Tag., Bik.) Kaloo (Bis.) Kasasaga (Tag., Pamp.) Lamodiak (Bag.) Laga (C. Bis.) Lasa (Iv.) Mañggadolong (Bis.) Matang-pune (Bis.) Oiangia (Bis.) Saga (Tag.) Saga-saga (Tag.) Saganamin (Tag.) Jequirity seeds (Engl.) Bead vine (Engl.) Black-eyed susan (Engl.) Crab's-eye vine (Engl.) Coral-bead plant (Engl.) Love bean (Engl.) Prayer beads (Engl.) Rosary pea (Engl.) Xiang xi dou (Chin.) Other vernacular names ARABIC: 'Ayn ed dik (Egypt), Batrah hindi, Qulqul, Shashm. ASSAMESE: Liluwani, Raturmani. BENGALI: Chun hali, Gunj (Goontch), Gunja, Gunjika, Gurgonje, Kunch, Kuncha. BURMESE: Ywe gale, Ywe nge. CHINESE: Xiang si zi, Xian xi teng, Ji mu zhu. CZECH: Sotorek obecný, Sotorek růžencový. FRENCH: Abrus à prière, Arbre à chapelet, Cascavelle (Réunion), Graine diable (Réunion), Herbe de diable (Réunion), Liane à réglisse, Soldat (Réunion), Réglisse (Réunion), Réglisse marron, Pater noster (Réunion), Jéquirity, Grain d'église, Pois rouge. GERMAN: Paternostererbse, Paternoster-Erbse, Paternosterkraut. GUJARATI: Chanothi, Gunja, Ratti. COUNTRY: Ganchi, Guncai, Gunch, Gunche, Gunchi, Gunja, Kunch, Masha, Patahika, Ratti. HINDI: Gunchi, Ratti. ITALIAN: Falsa liquirizia, Regolizia d'America. JAPANESE: Tou azuki. KANNADA: Ganji, Gulganju, Gulugani, Gulugunji, Gungi, Madhuka. KOREAN: Hong du. MADURESE: Ga'saga'an lakek. MALAY: Kenderi, Piling-piling, Pokok saga, Pokok tasbih, Saga, Saga telik (Indonesian), Taning bajang. MALAYALAM: Kunni. MARATHI: Chanoti, Gunja, Goonteh, Gunehi, [...]


Family • Labiatae / Lamiaceae - Leucas lavandulifolia Sm. - LEUCAS - Xian ye bai rong cao Scientific names Leucas lavandulifolia Sm. Leucas linifolia Spreng. Phlomis zeylanica Blanco Common names Karukansoli (Tag.) Kaskasumba (Ilk.) Lañga-lañga (Bik.) Pansi-pansi (Bik., Tag.) Paysi-paysi (Bis.) Salita (Tag.) Solasolasihan (Tag.) Leucas (Engl.) Other vernacular names BANGLADESH: Chhoto Halkusha, Gaochia, Donkolos, Droton, Dronpuspi, Pai Sung Sa, Pai Tung Sa (Marma), Sasaneo (Bwam). CHINESE: Xian ye bai rong cao. INDONESIA: Paci-paci. JAVANESE: Lenglengan, Linkgo-lingkoan, Nlenglenglan, Plengan. MALAYALAM: Thumba, Rudraspushpam. MALAYSIA: Katumbak, Ketumbit. SUNDANESE: Pachi-pachi. Botany Salita is an annual, erect, branched herb, 40 to 80 centimeters high, more or less covered with short hairs. Leaves are linear to linear-lanceolate, 5 to 9 centimeters long, 8 to 13 millimeters wide, pointed at both ends and somewhat toothed at the margins. Whorls of many flowers are axillary and terminal. Calyx is about 1 centimeter long, green, very oblique, and sharply toothed. Corolla is white and 1.5 centimeters long; the central lobe of the lower lip is obovate, truncate and 8 millimeters wide. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) EVALUATION OF ANTIULCER ACTIVITY OF LEUCAS LAVANDULIFOLIA ON MUCOSAL LESION IN RAT / Jeetendra Kumar Gupta et al / Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol.3 Issue 2, April-June 2010 (2) Hypoglycaemic activity of Leucas lavandulaefolia Rees. in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats / Kakali Saha et al / Phytotherapy Research, Volume 11 Issue 6, Pages 463 - 466 (3) Leucas lavandulifolia Smith / GlobeInMed (4) Phytochemical and Pharmacological Profile of Leucas lavandulaefolia: A review / I K Makhija, [...]