Family • Rubiaceae - Psychotria mindorensis Elm. Scientific names Psychotria mindorensis Elm. Common names Tagolinan (Bik.) Botany Tagolinan is a climbing shrub growing upon medium-sized trees. Stems are about 1 centimeter thick. Branches are smooth, forming tangled masses, with the free ends more or less hanging. Leaves are ovate or subelliptic, 6 to 10 centimeters long, and 1.5 to 5 centimeters wide, with the apex obtuse or pointed, and the base obtuse or rounded. Flowers are small and yellow, occurring in terminal inflorescences. Calyx is cut off at the end, 2 millimeters deep, as wide across, apiculate at the rim, and very smooth. Corolla is 5 millimeters long, tubular, smooth except for the wooly throat, and divided to the middle into 5 oblong and obtusely pointed, rather thick lobes. Fruit is ellipsoid, somewhat fleshy, dark colored, ridged, and 6 to 7 millimeters long. Distribution - Found only in the Philippines, in primary forests at low and medium altitudes in Quezon, Camarines, and Sorsogon Provinces in Luzon; and in Mindoro, Leyte, Panay, Negros, and Mindanao. Uses Folkloric Plant used as cure for various eye troubles. Study Findings • No studies found. Availability Wild-crafted.
Family • Portulacaceae - Talinum paniculatum (Jacq.) Gaertn. - JEWELS OF OPAR - Tu ren shen Scientific names Talinum paniculatum (Jacq.) Gaertn. Talinum chrysanthum Rose & Standl. Talinum paniculatum (Jacq.) Gaertn. var. paniculatum. Talinum reflexum Cav. Talinum spathulatum Englm. ex A. Gray, nom. inq. Talinum patens Portulaca paniculata Jacq. Portulaca patens L. Common names Talinum (Tag.) Ginseng jawa (Engl.) Jewels of Opar (Engl.) Fame flower (Engl.) Pink's baby breath (Engl.) Vernacular names BRAZIL: Maria gorda; Bencao de deus, Beldroega. CHINESE: Tu ren shen. FRENCH: Onze heures (Haiti). SPANISH: Rama del sapo. THAI: Som, Som khon, Wan phak pang. Gen info Common name might have been taken from the title of a novel by American writer Edgar Rice Burroughs, Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar. Another makes a reference to the ancient African city from which frankincense and gold were hauled by caravan to Solomon's treasure. Botany Talinum is a fleshy, erect herb, growing to 50 centimeters. Leaves are in whorls, obovate-lanceolate, flat, glossy and bright green. Flowers are in terminal panicles, small and pink colored. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Uses of Octacosanol / Consumer Information / Drugs.com (2) Talinum paniculatum (Jacq.) Gaertn. / The Plant List (3) Talinum paniculatum / Wikipedia (4) Sorting Talinum names / /Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1995 - 2020 / A Work in Progress. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia. (5) TALINUM PANICULATUM (JACQ.) GERTN: A MEDICINAL PLANT WITH POTENTIAL ESTROGENIC ACTIVITY IN OVARIECTOMIZED RATS / Catthareeya [...]
Family • Myristacaceae - Myristica simiarum A. DC. Scientific names Myristica simiarum A. DC. Myristica discolor Merr. Common names Anuping (Sul.) Duguan (C. Bis.) Lupau (Ilk.) Paria (Tag.) Pokipok (Ilk.) Tambalau (Tag.) Tanghas (Tag.) Botany Tanghas is a small tree. Leaves are alternate, leathery, sulphur yellow on the lower surface when dry, smooth, oblong or ovately so, about 15 centimeters and 5 to 7 centimeters wide, with pointed tip, and rather obtuse base, upon 2-centimeter long petioles. Inflorescences are lateral or axillary, up to 3 centimeters long. Flowers are hairy, ovately elongated, borne upon 3-millimeter long pedicels, and clustered toward the distal ends. Fruit is subglobose, about 3 centimeters long, smooth when old, with a very blunt, apical point, usually creased longitudinally, with a relatively thin exocarp, which is yellow when mature. Seeds are subglobose. Distribution - Endemic species. - In forests at low and medium altitudes in Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, La Union, Bataan, Laguna, Quezon and Camarines Provinces in Luzon; and in Samar, Leyte, and Mindanao. Constituents and properties Seeds yield an oil considered by Filipinos to be medicinal. Parts used Seeds, bark. Uses Folkloric - Seed oil applied to itches and similar skin diseases. - Pulp of bark also used for the same purpose. Study Findings • No studies found. Availability Wild-crafted.
Family • Agavaceae - Sansevieria trifasciata Prain - SNAKE PLANT - Qian sui lan Scientific names Sansevieria trifasciata Prain Sansevieria guineensis auct. Sansevieria zeylanica Prain Common names Tigre (Tag.) Buntot-tigre (Tag..) Mother-in-law's tongue (Engl.) Snake plant (Engl.) Viper's bowstring hemp (Engl.) Qian sui lan (Chin.) Other vernacular names BRAZIL: Espada de sao jorge. FRENCH: Langue de belle-mere. INDONESIA: Lidah buaya, letah bayawak, lidah mertua. SINHALESE: Maha-niyanda. THAILAND: Waan hang suea, Waam chakhe, Lin naakkharaat. VIETNAM: H[ood] v[ix], L[uw][owx]i c[oj]p s[oj]c. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Sansevieria trifasciata Prain / Vernacular names / GLOBinMED (2) Analgesic and Antipyretic Effects of Sansevieria Trifasciata Leaves / Jeba Sunilson J Anbu, P Jayaraj, R Varatharajan, John Thomas, James Jisha, and M Muthappan / Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2009; 6(4): 529–533. (3) List of Air-Filtering Plants / Wikipedia Botany Sanseviera trifasciata is an herbaceous, succulent, perennial plant, growing to a height of 90 centimeters. Leaves form a basal rosette, are flat, thick, leathery, sword-shaped, and variegated with grayish white transverse markings Flowers are whitish green, up to 5 centimeters long. Distribution - Widely distributed in towns and cities throughout the Philippines. - Introduced. - Native to India. - Mostly ornamental cultivation. Constituents - Yields sapogenin. - Phytochemical screening of water and ethanol extracts yielded alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, glycosides terpenoids, tannins, proteins, and carbohydrates. Properties - Detoxifying, heat-clearing. - Analgesic, antipyretic. Parts used Rhizomes, leaves. Uses Folkloric - No recorded folkloric use in the Philippines. - In China, decoction used for detoxification, as anti-inflammatory, and for treatment of sores and [...]
Family • Boraginaceae - CHA, TSA - Carmona retusa (Vahl.) Masam. - WILD TEA - Ji ji shu Scientific names Carmona retusa (Vahl.) Masam. Carmona heterophylla Cav. Carmona microphylla (Lam.) G. Don. Ehretia buxifolia Boxb. Ehretia heterophylla Spreng. Ehretia microphylla Lam. Other vernacular names CHINESE: Ji ji shu. INDONESIA: Kinangan, Serut lanang, Pinaan. THAILAND: Khoi cheen, Chaa yeepun, Chaa. VIETNAM: Kim li[ee]n, C[uf]m r[uj]n, B[uf]m r[uj]n. Common names Alangit (Bis.) Alangitngit (Tag., Bis.) Balingsaa (C. Bis.) Buntatai (P. Bis.) Buyo-buyo (Sul.) Buyok-buyok (Sul.) Cha (Tag.) Chaang-bundok (Tag.) Chaang-gubat (Tag.) Gari (Bag.) Icha-nga-atap (Ilk.) Icha-ti-bakir (Ilk.) Itsa (Ilk.) Kalamoga (Tag.) Kalimomog (Tag.) Kalimumog (Tag.) Mangit (Tag., Bis.) Mara-mara (Bis., S.L. Bis.) Maratia (Ibn.) Mura-mara (P. Bis.) Palupo (Iv.) Putputai (Bik.) Santing (Sul.) Tsa (Tag.) Fukien tea tree (Engl.) Philippine tea tree (Engl.) Scorpionbush (Engl.) Wild tea (Engl.) Botany Tsaang gubat is an erect, very branched shrub growing up to 1 to 4 meters high. Leaves are in clusters on short branches, obovate to oblong-obovate, 3 to 6 centimeters long, entire or somewhat toothed or lobed near the apex and pointed at the base, short stalked and rough on the upper surface. Flowers are white, small, axillary, solitary, 2 or 4 on a common stalk, borne in inflorescences shorter than the leaves. Calyx -lobes re green, somewhat hairy, and linear, about 5 to 6 millimeters long. Corolla is white, 5 millimeters long, and divided into oblong lobes. Fruit is a drupe, rounded, yellow when ripe, 4 to 5 millimeters in diameter, fleshy, with a 4-seeded stone, fleshy on the outer [...]
Family • Convolvulaceae - Calonyction muricatum (Linn.) G. Don - LILAC BELL - Tian ji er Scientific names Calonyction muricatum (Linn.) G. Don Convolvulus muricatus Linn. Convolvulus colubrinus Blanco Ipomoea muricata Jacq. Ipomoea petiolaris (Kunth) G. Don Ipomoea turbinata Lag. Common names Tonkin (Tag.) Tunkin (Tag.) Lilac bell (Engl.) Purple moonflower (Engl.) Tian ji er (Chin.) Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Phytopharmacologic studies of Ipomoea muricata seeds / M L Gupta, J P Tewari et al / Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol 56, Issue 6, pages 771–773, June 1967 / Publ OnLine 17 Sept 2006. (2) Medicinal plants used by the tribal and rural people of Satna district, Madhya Pradesh for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders and diseases / S N Dwivedi, Sangeeta Dwivedi and P C Patel / Natural Product Radiance (3) Studies on alkaloids from seed of Calonyction muricatum / Ying-Ming Wang, Xiao-Juan Li et al / CHINESE. TRADITIONAL AND HERBAL DRUGS, 2002, 33 (2) Botany Tunkin is a smooth, climbing vine. Stems are rough, with small tuberculous outgrowths or prickles. Leaves are smooth, soft, heart-shaped, 5 to 10 centimeters long, and tapering abruptly into a narrow point at the tip. Flowers are large, 5 to 6 centimeters long, pale purple, and borne singly or in small-stalked clusters resembling the morning glory. Fruit is rounded, 10 to 15 millimeters in diameter. Seeds are polished, black, and smooth. HPIM0948.JPG Distribution - Introduced from tropical America. - Found in cultivation in Pampanga, Luzon. Constituents - Seeds have yielded indolizidine alkaloids, two resin glycosides and muricatins VII and VIII. [...]
Family • Myrsinaceae - Ardisia squamulosa Presl - SHOEBUTTON ARDISIA - Dong fa zi jin jiu Scientific names Willughbeia drupacea Blanco Ardisia squamulosa Presl Ardisia boissieri A. DC. Ardisia obovata F.-Vill. Ardisia drupacea Merr. Ardisia littoralis Merr. Ardisia humilis F.-Vill. Ardisia negroensis Mez Ardisia elliptica Thunberg Other vernacular names CHINESE: Lan yu zi jin niu, Dong fa zi jin niu. INDIA: Bisi, Kadna, Katapenga, Bugadi, Manipudbam, Kozhkkottai, Narikandam, Kaka-njara, Bodhina gida, Shuli, Bode, Sore, Banjam, Kuti, Damaai phal. MALAYSIA: Buah letus, Cempenai, Lempenai, Mempenai, Penai, Penah, Periah, rempenai, Daun bias hati, Kayu lampilan, Mata pelandok. NEPAL: Damai phul. Common names Apiot (Mbo.) Babagion (C. Bis.) Butau (Bik.) Dandulit (Sul.) Kanai (Tagb.) Katagpo (Tag.) Katagpok (Tag.) Katatbun (Tag.) Katiñgi (Bon.) Kodang (Mbo.) Kolagpung-pula (Sbl.) Kolen (Ilk.) Koleng (Ilk.) Liputing-gubat (Tag.) Lunidang (Tag.) Malasiak (Bik.) Malayambis (Tag.) Mampa (Neg.) Maramaatam (Ibn.) Mulang (Ibn.) Oksor (Ilk.) Pamutul (Sbl.) Panghas (P. Bis.) Paninglon (Sbl.) Pataktol (Pamp.) Piñgil (Neg.) Pognaan (Mbo.) Sirapian (Bik.) Tagpo (Tag., Bik., C. Bis., Sul.) Tagpung-pula (Tag.) Takpo (Bik.) Tamil (C. Bis.) Tayupo (C. Bis.) Tukal (Tag.) Turo (Pamp.) Duck's eye (Engl.) Elliptical-leaf ardisia (Engl.) Shoebutton ardisia (Engl.) Botany Tagpo is a small tree reaching a height of about 10 meters. Leaves are alternate, oblanceolate to elliptic-oblanceolate, 6 to 15 centimeters long, 2 to 6 centimeters wide, and pointed at both ends. Flowers are white or pink, fragrant, borne on compound, terminal or lateral inflorescences, and about 1 centimeter in length. Fruit is dark blue or purple, rounded, and 5 to 8 millimeters in diameter. Distribution - Common in primary forests at low [...]
Family • Combretaceae - Terminalia catappa - INDIAN ALMOND - Lan ren shu Scientific names Badamia comersoni Gaertn. Buceras catappa Hitche. Juglans catappa Lour. Phytolacca javanica Osbeck Terminalia moluccana Lam. Terminalia latifolia Blanco Terminalia mauritiana Blanco Terminalia ovatifolia Nor. Other vernacular names BENGALI: Baangla baadaam, Desi baadaam. CHINESE: La ren. FRENCH: Amandier des Antilles, Amandier des Indes, Amandier de l'Inde, Amandier tropical, Badamier. GERMAN: Indischer Mandelbaum, Katappenbaum, Seemandelbaum, Seemandelbaumblätter. HAWAIIAN: Kamani haole, Kamani 'ula. HINDI: Baadaam, Deshi badam, Hijli badam, Jangli badam, Patee badam. JAPANESE: Kobatein, Momo tamana. KANNADA: Taree. MALAY: Ketapang. NEPALESE: Kaathe badaam. PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Talise. PORTUGUESE: Amendoeira da India. RUSSIAN: Terminaliia katappa. SANSKRIT: Inguda. SPANISH: Almendro de la India. TAMIL: Inkuti, Nattu vadam, Saraparuppu, Vaatumai, Vatha kottai. TELUGU: Badamu, Nalu badami. THAI: Hu kwang. URDU: Baadaam. VIETNAMESE: Bang. Common names Almendras (Span.) Almendro (Span.) Banilak (Pamp.) Banilak (Pamp.) Dalasa (Pamp.) Dalinsi (Bik.) Dalisai (Ibn.) Hitam (Pamp.) Kalisai (Pamp.) Logo (Ilk.) Lugo (Ilk.) Savidug (Iva.) Logo (Ilk.) Salaisai (Sbl.) Taisai (Sul.) Talisai (Tag., Bag., Sbl.) Taisi (Yak., Tag.) Indian almond (Engl.) Tropical almond (Engl.) Umbrella tree (Engl.) Lan ren shu (Chin.) Botany Talisai is a large, deciduous tree, reaching a height of 20 to 25 meters, smooth or nearly so. Branches are horizontally whorled. Leaves are shiny, obovate, 10 to 25 centimeters long, tapering below to a narrow and heart-shaped base with a expanded rounded apex. Leaf stalks are short and stout. Flowers are white, small, and borne on spikes in the axils of the leaves, 6 to 18 centimeters long. Fruit is smooth and [...]
Family • Moraceae - Ficus variegata Blume - RED-STEM FIG - Za se rong Scientific names Ficus variegata Blume Ficus chlorocarpa Benth [illegitimate] Ficus ehretioides F.Muell ex Benth. Ficus integrifolia Elmer Ficus laevigata Blanco [illegitimate] Ficus latsoni Elmer Ficus subracemosa Blume Ficus tenimbrensis S.Moore Other vernacular names CHINESE: Za se rong. Common names Agi (Yak.) Banakal (Bag.) Basikong (Bag.) Duoyog (P. Bis.) Dudang (Sul.) Dudu (Ig.) Laptai (Tag.) Lapting (Ilk.) Ligtug (Bon.) Lita (Ibn.) Payahan (Sbl.) Rayaraya (Tag.) Tabgon (Bik.) Tañgisang-bayauak (Sbl.,Tag.) Tubol (Pang.) Common red stem fig (Engl.) Red stem fig (Engl.) Variegated fig (Engl.) Variegated rubber plant (Engl.) Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Herbal medicines used to cure various ailments by the inhabitants of Abbottabad district, North West Frontier Province, Pakistan / Arshad Mehmood Abbasi, Mir Ajab Khan et al / Indian Journ of Traditional Knowledge, Vol 9(1), January 2010, pp 175-183 (2) Ficus variegata Blume is an accepted name / The Plant List Botany Tangisang-bayauak is a tall, spreading tree, with pale bark. Leaves are broadly or elliptic-ovate, 10 to 17 centimeters long, the base rounded, notched or heart-shaped and the tip tapering to a point, with the margins entire, subexpanded or toothed. Receptacles are about 1 centimeter in diameter, red when ripe, and clustered on long branches. Distribution - Common in primary forests at low and medium altitudes from Cagayan to Sorsogon in Luzon, in Palawan and Mindanao. - Also occurs in the Malay Peninsula and Archipelago and in southern China. Constituents - Various dried bark extracts yielded sugar, protein, alkaloids, flavonoids, sterols, and glycosides. Parts used [...]
Family • Cannaceae - Canna indica Linn. - CANNA LILY - Mei ren jiao Scientific names Canna achiras Gilles. Canna coccinea Mill. Canna indica Linn. Canna lutea Mill. Canna orientalis Rosc. Canna speciosa Rosc. Other vernacular names BURMESE: Adalut, Butsarana. CAMBODIA: Che:k te:hs. FRENCH: Balisier, Canna. INDONESIA: Ganyong, Buah tasbeh, Ubi pikul. LAOTIAN: Kwayz ke: so:n, Kwayz ph'uttha so:n. MALAYSIA: Daun tasbeh, Ganjong, Pisang sebak. SPANISH: Achira. THAI: Phuttharaksa, Phutthason. VIETNAMESE: Chu[oos]i hoa, Dong r[ef]ng, Khoai dao. Common names Balunsaying (Bis.) Bangali (Bik.) Kakuentasa (Tag.) Kiuingam (If.) Kolintasan (Bis.) Kuentas-kuentasan (Tag.) Lasa (Iv.) Saging-saging (Tag.) Tapuranga (Bis.) Tikas (Tag.) Tikas-tikas (Tag., Bis.) Tikis-tikis (Tag.) Tukas-tukas (Tag.) Plantanillo (Sp.) Canna lily (Engl.) Indian bread shot (Engl.) Indian shot (Engl.) Queensland arrowroot (Engl.) Mei ren jiao (Chin.) Botany Tikas is stout herbaceous plant with a tuberous rootstock. Whole plant is green and smooth, growing 1.5 meters high. Leaves are lanceolate or ovate, 10 to 30 centimeters long, 10 to 20 centimeters wide. Inflorescence is somewhat waxy-glaucous, erect, with a peduncle about 30 centimeters long. Flowers are red, solitary or in pairs, the bracts about 1.3 centimeters long. Sepals are 1 to 1.5 centimeters long, greenish-white though sometimes tinged with red, and lanceolate or oblong. Corolla tube about 1 cm long, the involute lobes being red or reddish, 2.5 to 3 centimeters long. The staminodes are bright-red, petal-like, the outer one being about 4 centimeters long, somewhat spatulate, acute, or slightly acuminate, and the others somewhat smaller, though the anther-bearing ones are as long as the outer one, about [...]