U

Ualisualisan

Family • Malvaceae - Sida acuta Burm. f. - BROOM WEED - Huang hua ren Scientific names Sida acuta Burm. f. Sida carpinifolia Linn. f. Sida lanceolata Retz. Sida frutescens Cav. Other vernacular names CHINESE: Huang hua ren. FRENCH: Balai midi, Balai onze heures, Balai savane, Balyé wonzè (Saint Lucia), Grosse herbe dure, Herbe à panier, Herbe dure. JAPANESE: Hosoba kingojika. LAOTIAN: Khat mon noi . MALAGASY: Tsindahorona. PORTUGUESE: Guaxuma, Relógio-De-Vaqueiro, Tupitixa, Vassoura-Preta, Vassourinha RUSSIAN: Sida ostraia. SPANISH: Babosilla , Escoba blanca, Escobilla, Huinar, Malva colorado, Malva de castilla. THAI: No-khue-mae, Ya khat bai yao, Ya khat mon, Ya kho, Yung pat. Common names Attai-na-baka (Ibn.) Basbasot (Ilk.) Escobang-haba (Tag.) Eskuba (C. Bis.) Eskubilla (Tag., Bis.) Herbara (Ilk.) Higot-balato (Tag., Pamp., Bis.) Mamalis (Tag., Pamp.) Pamalis (Tag., Bis.) Silhigon (Bis.) Sinaguri-lañgan (Sul.) Surisighid (Bik.) Saliki (C. Bis.) Takling-baka (Pang.) Taking-baka (Tag.) Takkimbaka (Ilk.) Ualisualisan (Tag.) Uaualisan (Tag.) Escoba larga (Span.) Broomweed (Engl.) Common wireweed (Engl.) Spiny head sida (Engl.) Wire weed (Engl.) Botany Ualisualisan is an erect, branched, slightly hairy or neary smooth, half-woody shrub growing to a height of a meter or less. Leaves are lanceolate, 3 to 5 centimeters long, with toothed margins, pointed tip and blunt or rounded base. Flowers are yellow, about 1.3 centimeters in diameter, borne singly at the axils of the leaves. Fruit is a capsule about 3.5 millimeters long, with two projections and consists of 4 to 9 carpels enclosed by the calyx. Distribution - Weed found in open places throughout the Philippines. - Pantropic. Constituents - Roots contain [...]

Uas

Family • Sapindaceae - Harpullia arborea (Blanco) Radik. - TULIP WOOD TREE Scientific names Harpulia arborea (Blanco) Radik. Harpulia blancoi F.-Vill. Harpulia eupanioides F.-Vill. Harpulia imbricata Thwaites Ptelia arborea Blanco Seringia lanceolata Blanco Blancoa arborea Blume Other vernacular names MALAYALAM: Chittilamadakku, Puzhukolli. TAMIL: Nei kottei. Common names Abuyan (Ilk.) Ambuyoan (Ilk.) Antatuba (Neg.) Bogna (Bag.) Dariguai (Ibn.) Dulio (Sml.) Dulis (Mag., Mbo.) Huas (P. Bis.) Kayaskas (Ilk.) Magalad (Tagb.) Magalat (Bik.) Magantimus (Mag.) Malatubas (Bik.) Maramblag (Ibn.) Mama-an (Tagb.) Oas (Sbl., Tag.) Poas (Tag.) Puas (Tag.) Riñgis (Tagb.) Toual (Bag.) Uas (Ibn., Ilk., Tag.) Uas-na-puran (Ilk.) Harpullia (Engl.) Tulipwood tree (Engl.) Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Solvent Based Effectiveness of Antibacterial and Phytochemical Derivatized from the Seeds of Harpullia arborea (Blanco) Radlk. (Sapindaceae) / S. SHYAMALA GOWRI; K. VASANTHA / J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. December, 2009 Vol. 13(4) 99 - 101 (2) Phytochemical study of Harpullia Arborea leaves / Ratchanee Poovapatthanachart / Research Gate Botany Uas is a tree that reaches a height of about 20 meters. Leaves are alternate, 10 to 30 centimeters long, with 5 to 9 leaflets. Leaflets are smooth, oblong or broadly lanceolate, 7 to 15 centimeters long, about 5 centimeters wide, the tip being pointed and the base blunt and oblique. Flowers are small, greenish, borne on panicles arising from the upper leaf axils. Fruit is inflated, smooth, yellowish-red, dehiscent, about 1.5 centimeters long and 2.5 centimeters wide, and divided into two lobes, each containing a few seeds. Distribution - Common in thickets and second-growth forests at low and medium altitudes throughout the [...]

Ubi

Family • Dioscoreaceae - Dioscorea alata - YAM Common names Ubi (Tag., Bis., Ilk.) Kinampai (Bis.) Yam (Engl.) Botany A slender creeping vine reaching a length of several meters. The leaf-stalk slightly purple at both points of attachment. Root is tumorous, often with small axillary tubers. Distribution  Throughout the Philippines in thickets at low and medium altitudes. Cultivated. Parts utilized and preparation Tubers Graphic insert Tuber, 16" long. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Anti-Fenton reaction activity of three taxa of water yam (Dioscorea alata L.) / Tsu-Shing Wang et al /International journal of food science & technology ISSN 0950-5423 / 2007, vol. 42, no9, pp. 1107-1113 (2) Local Root Crops as Antioxidant  (3) Uncooked Taiwanese yam (Dioscorea alata L. cv. Tainung No. 2) beneficially modulated the large bowel function and faecal microflora in BALB/c mice  (4) Effect of Yam (Dioscorea alata Compared to Dioscorea japonica) on Gastrointestinal Function and Antioxidant Activity in Mice / Journal of Food Science Vol 71 Issue 7, Pages S513 - S516 / 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2006.00113.x (5) Both dioscorin, the tuber storage protein of yam (Dioscorea alata cv. Tainong No. 1), and its peptic hydrolysates exhibited angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory activities / Feng-Lin Hsu et al /Agric Food Chem. 2002 Oct 9;50(21):6109-13. (6) Cytokine-Mimetic Properties of Some Philippine Food and Medicinal Plants / Journal of Medicinal Food / June 2007, 10(2): 290-299. doi:10.1089/jmf.2006.067. (7) Dioscorin isolated from Dioscorea alata activates TLR4-signaling pathways and induces cytokine expression in macrophages / Shu-Ling Fu et al / Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications Volume 339, Issue 1, 6 January [...]

Ubi-ubihan

Family • Dioscoreaceae - Dioscorea bulbifera Linn. - AIR POTATO - Huang du Scientific names Dioscorea bulbifera Linn. Dioscorea heterophylla Roxb. Dioscorea latifolia Benth. Dioscorea oppositifolia Campbell Dioscorea sativa Hort. Dioscorea violacea Baudon Dioscorrea tamifolia Salisb. Helmia bulbifera (L.) Kunth. Huang du (Chin.) Common names Aribukbuk (Ilk.) Bayag-kabayo (Tag.) Dadakan (Bag.) Pulugan (Bik.) Ubi-ubihan (Tag.) Utong-utoñgan (Tag.) Aerial yam (Engl.) Air potato (Engl.) Bitter yam (Engl.) Potato yam (Engl.) Huang yao zu (Chin.) Other vernacular names BENGALI: Ban Alu, Rat Alu, Roth Alu. BURMESE: Ah Lu Thi, Hpwut Sa Uu, Pat Sa Uu. CHINESE: Shan ci gu, Ling yu shu, Huang yao, Shan ci gu. FRENCH: Igname Bulbifère, Igname Pousse En L´air, Masako, Pomme En L´air, Pousse En L´air. GERMAN: Brotwurzel, Kartoffelyam, Knollen-yam, Luft-Kartoffel, Luft-yams, Yamswurzel HAWAIIAN: Hoi. HINDI: Gaithi, Hoei Oepas, Karu Kunda, Karukanda, Kodikilangu, Ratalu, Ratula INIDIA: Hoei-Oepas JAPANESE: Kashuu Imo, Niga Kashuu. MARATHI: Kadu Kand, Mataru. NEPALESE: Giitthaa (Gittha), Giitthe Tarul (Gitthe Tarul), Jada Bis, Van Tarul. ORIYA: PitaaAlu. PORTUGUESE: Inhame. RUSSIAN: Iams Lukovitsenosnyi. SPANISH: ñame Criollo, ñame De Aire,, ñame De Gunda, ñame Volador, Papa Cimarrona, Papa De Aire. TELUGU: Adavi Dumpa, Chedupaddudampa, Karu Kanda, Malaka Kayependalamu. THAI: De Khwa, Ham Pao, La Sa Mi, Lo Chae Mue, Man Khamin, Wan Phra Chim, Wan Sam Phan Thueng VIETNAMESE: C di, Khoai dái, Khoai tri. Botany Ubi-ubihan is a climbing or twining, dioecious, smooth, unarmed vine reaching a length of several meters. Tubers are rounded, not larger than a man's fist. Stems are terete, bearing numerous little tubers. Leaves are simple, ovate, 7 to 14 centimeters [...]

Ulasimang-aso

Family • Scrophulariaceae - Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Wettst. - WATER HYSSOP - Pa-chi-t'ien Scientific names Bacopa monnieria (Linn.) Wettst. Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell Bacopa monniera Calyptriplex ovata Blanco Gratiola monnieria Linn. Herpestis monniera HBK. Thunbergia stolonifera Blanco Common names Ulasimang-aso (Tag.) Baby tears (Engl.) Brain plant (Engl.) Herb of Grace(Engl.) Moneywort Engl.) Monnier's bacopa (Engl.) Water hyssop (Engl.) White hyssop (Engl.) Pa-chi-t'ien (Chin.) Other vernacular names ARABIC: Farfakh. ASSAMESE: Brahmi. BENGALI: Aaghabini, Birmishak, Brādramī śāka, Brahmi, Brahmisaka, Barmi shak, Ughrabirmi. CHINESE: Jia ma chi xian. FRENCH: Bacopa de Monnier, Bacopa des herbalistes, Bacopa médicinale, Petite bacopa. GERMAN: Bacopa, Kleine Fettblatt, Kleines Fettblatt, Wasserysop. GUJARATI: Baam, Bamanevari, Jalanevari, Jalbrahmi, Jalnevri,Kadavi luni, Neerbrahmi. HINDI: Adha birni, Baam, Barami, Brahmi, Brambhiv, Jalbuti, Nirbrahmi, Mandukaparni, Safed chamni. JAPANESE: Bakopa. KANNADA: Brahmi, Jala brahmi, Jalabrahmi, Nirbrahmi , Nirubrahmi, Niru brahmi, Neer brahmi MALAYALAM: Barna, Brahmi, Nirbrahmi. MARATHI : Brahmi, Ghola, Jalabrahmi, Jalnam, Nir brahmi. NEPALESE: Medha giree. ORIYA: Brahmi, Prusni parnnī. POLISH: Bakopa drobnolistna, Bakopa moniera. PUNJABI: Brahmibuti. SANSKRIT: Adha-birni, Aindri, Brahami, Gundala, Indravalli, Jalasaya, Jala brahmi, Nira-brahmi, Tiktalonika SINHALESE: Lunuvila, Lunu wila [Siv], Nigandu TAMIL: Ahaznda poozndu, Carumam, Neer brahmi, Neer pirami, Pirami, Piramiyam, Piramiya vazhukkai. TELUGU: Neeri sambraani mokka, Sambrani aku, Sambrani chettu. THAI: Phak mi, Phrommi. URDU: Brahmisak, Jal brahmi. VIETNAMESE : Rau đắng biển. Botany Ulasimang-aso is a creeping, smooth, somewhat fleshy plant, with branches 5 to 20 centimeters long. Leaves are stalkless, entire, oblong-ovate to spatulate, 8 to 15 millimeters long, up to 4 millimeters wide, widest near the blunt tip, and tapering toward the base. [...]

Ulasiman-kalat

Family • Rubiaceae - Hedyotis diffusa Willd. - SNAKE-NEEDLE GRASS - Ding jing cao Scientific names Hedyotis diffusa Willd. Hedyotis media Cav. Hedyotis diffusa Willd. Oldenladia brachypoda DC. Oldenladia diffusa (Willd.) Roxb. Oldenladia capensis Blanco Bai hua she she cao (Chin.) Common names Daniri (Bis.) Ulasiman-kalat (Tag.) Snake needle grass (Engl.) Snake tongue grass (Engl.) Other vernacular names CHINESE: Ding jing cao. Botany Ulasiman-kalat is a slender, spreading or ascending, smooth, more or less branched, annual herb, reaching a length or 50 centimeters or less. Leaves are linear and 1 to 3 centimeters long. Flowers are white, 3 millimeters long and occurring singly in the axils of the leaves. Pedicels are about as long as the calyx. Corolla lobes are entire. Ovary is 2-celled. Fruits are capsules, loculicidal, ovoid, about 4 millimeters long and do not protrude beyond the calyx segments. Distribution - A common weed in and about towns and in waste places, gardens and open lands throughout the Philippines. - Also occurs in India to Japan and Malaya. Parts utilized · Entire plant. · Harvest the entire plant from April to September. · Wash and sun-dry. Constituents - Yield flavones, anthraquinones, polysaccharides. - Study yielded a four anthraquinones, triterpenoids (ursolic acid and oleanolic acid). - Study of chemical constituents yielded anthraquinones, terpenoids, flavonoids, steroid alchols, alkanes, organic acids, polysaccharides, coumarin and alkaloids. - Study of nine compounds: 2, 6-dihydroxy-1-methoxy-3-methylanthraquinone, 2-hydroxy-1-methoxy-3-methylanthraquinone, 2-hydroxy-3-methylanthraquinone, quercetin-3-O-[2-O-(6-O-E-sinapoyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-beta-glucopyranoside, quercetin-3-O-[2-O-(6-O-E-feruloyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-beta-glucopyranoside, kaempferol-3-O-[2-O-(6-O-E-feruloyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-beta-galactopyranoside, quercetin-3-O-(2-O-beta-D-glucop-yranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranoside, rutin, and quercertin. Properties - Sweet tasting, cooling in effect. - Considered alterative, antibacterial, antidote, analgesic, antiinflammatory, antitumor, diuretic, febrifuge [...]

Umbrella plant

Family • Cyperaceae - Cyperus alternifolius Linn. - UMBRELLA PALM Scientific names Cyperus alternifolius Linn. Cyperus involucratus Cyperus racemosus Retz. Common names Umbrella plant (Engl.) Umbrella palm (Engl.) Umbrella papyrus (Engl.) Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Plants from Northeast of Mexico / Ricardo Salazar-Aranda et al / eCAM, doi:10.1093/ecam/nep127 Botany The plant is a clustering perennial growing to a height of 1.5 meters. Stems are cylindric, ribbed, smooth and green. Leaves are linear, radiating from the terminal point of stem, spreading or slightly drooping, up to 20 cm long. Flowers are small, green and clustered. Distribution Widely distributed in the Philippines, in canals, ponds, and riversides. Occasionally planted as an ornamental. Parts utilized Leaves, roots. Uses Folkloric • No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines. Study Findings • Antifungal / Antioxidant / Antibacterial: Study of root and leaf extracts of Cyperus alternifolius showed moderate activity against all yeast tested, while the root extract showed a clear antioxidant activity. It showed strong activity against both sensitive and resistant S aureus strains and against E faecalis. Availability Wild-crafted.

Unti-untihan

Family • Solanaceae - Physalis minima Linn. - TINKLING BELL GRASS - K'u chi Other scientific names Physalis pubescens Blanco Physalis eggersii O.E. Schulz Physalis lagascae Roem. & Schult. Physalis divaricata D. Don. Common names Amansit (Ilk.) Amanti-ti-ugsa (Bon.) Itlog-gagamba (Tag.) Lapak-lapak (Sul.) Pantug-pantugan (Tag.) Takla (Sub.) Tultullaki (Ilk.) Unti (Tag.) Unti-untihan (Tag.) Pygmy groundcheery (Engl.) Sunberry (Engl.) Tinkling bell grass (Engl.) K'u chi (Chin.) Taxon confusion Physalis, a genus of the family Solanaceae consists of about 100 species. Among these, Physalis minima has been confused with P. angulata (putokan). Some compilations list them as synonyms, as other list thedm as separate species. In Bangladesh, the two have long been misidentified. A critical examination separates them as species. (See below: sources) Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Antimicrobial activity of Rauvolfia tetraphylla and Physalis minima leaf and callus extracts  African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 5 (10), pp. 946-950, 16 May 2006 (2) Withaphysalin D, A New Withaphysalin from Physalis minima Linn. Var. Indica / Mahendra Sahai and Isaac Kirson / J. Nat. Prod., 1984, 47 (3), pp 527–529 / DOI: 10.1021/np50033a022 (3) Cytotoxic Activities of Physalis minima L. Chloroform Extract on Human Lung Adenocarcinoma NCI-H23 Cell Lines by Induction of Apoptosis / Ooi Kheng Leong et al / Oxford Journals Medicine Evidence-based Compl. and Alt. MedicineeCAM Advance Access10.1093/ecam/nep057 (4) Cytotoxic Withaphysalins from Physalis minima / Lei Ma et al / Helvetica Chimica Acta • Volume 90 Issue 7, Pages 1406 - 1419 / 10.1002/hlca.200790143 DOI (5) Apoptotic effects of Physalis minima L. chloroform extract in human breast [...]

U'pang

Family • Fabaceae / Leguminosae - Parkia speciosa Hassk. - STINK BEAN - Chou dou Scientific names Parkia speciosa Hassk. Parkia brunonis R. Grah. ex Wall. Parkia harbesonii Elmer Parkia macrocarpa Miq. Parkia roxburghii G. Don (Mansf). Parkia speciosa hort. ex Hassk. Inga pyriforis Jungh. Common names U'pang (Tag.) Bitter bean (Engl.) Nitta bean (Engl.) Petai bean (Engl.) Stink bean (Engl.) Twisted cluster bean (Engl.) Other vernacular names CHINESE: Chou dou. DUTCH: Stinkboon. INDIA: Yongchak. INDONESIA: Petai papan, Pete, Sindutan, Kundai, Patak. JAPANESE: Nejire fusa mame no ki. MALAYSIA: Nyiring, Patag, Patai, Petah, Petai. THAILAND: Nitta, Sator, Sator dan, Saor kow, To dan, To khao. Botany Upang is an evergreen growing 15 to 40 meters high. Branchlets are pubescent. Leaves are alternate, bipinnate on stalks 2 to 6 centimeter long. Pinnae are 10 to 19 pairs, 5 - 9 centimeters long each with 31-38 pairs of opposite, linear pinnules, 5 - 9 millimeters long and about 2 millimeters wide. Flowers are numerous, small, creamy white to brownish yellow, in densely crowded pear-shaped, pendulous inflorescence heads. Flowers yield a nectar, with a strong and sickly smell. The apical flowers develop fruits. Pods are large, 35-55 centimeters long and 3-5 centimeters wide. Distribution - Commonly found in the Philippines. - Indigenous to Southeast Asia. - Also found in Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Parkia speciosa-Botany and Common names / Dr. T. K. Lim / Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants, 2012, pp 798-803. (2) Parkia speciosa Hassk.: A Potential Phytomedicine / Yusof Kamisah, Faizah Othman, Hj Mohd [...]

Upo

Family • Cucurbitaceae - Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standley - BOTTLE GOURD, WHITE PUMPKIN - Bian pu Scientific names Cucurbita siceraria Molina Cucurbita lagenaria Linn. Cucurbita lagenaria-oblonga Blanco Cucurbita lagenaria-villosa Blanco Cucurbita leucantha Duch. Lagenaria leucantha  (Duch.) Rusby Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standley Lagenaria vulgaris Seringe Hu lu (Chin.) Common names Buliangin (Sub.) Kalubai (Bis.) Labu (Sul.) Opo (Tag.) Sikai (Bis.) Tabungau (Bon., Ilk.) Upo (Tag.) Bottle gourd (Engl.) Calabash gourd (Engl.) Common gourd (Engl.) Bian pu (Chin.) White-flowered gourd (Engl.) White pumpkin (Engl.) Other vernacular names BENGALI: Lau CHINESE: Hu, hu lu gua, hulu, hu gua, mao gua, peh poh DANISH: Flaskegræskar, Flaskegraeskar, Kalabas. DUTCH : Fleskalebas, Flessepompoen. FINNISH : Pullokurpitsa. FRENCH : Gourde bouteille, Cougourde, Calebassier, Calebasse. FINNISH : Pullokurpitsa. GERMAN : Flaschenkürbis, Flaschen-Kürbis, Trompetenkürbis, Kalebassenkürbis. HINDI : Dudhi (Dudi, Dodi), Lokhi (Lauki). INDONESIAN : Labu botol, Labu air, Labu putih ITALIAN : Zucca da tabacco, zucca da vino JAPANESE : Yuugao KHMER : Khlôôk. LAOTIAN : Namz taux. MALAYALAM : Sorekai. MARATHI : Charanga. NEPALESE: Laukaa, Tito tumba ORIYA : Lau. PORTUGUESE : Abóbora-carneira, Cabaco. PUNJABI : Dudhi. SINHALESE : Diya labu. SPANISH : Calabaza vinatera, Cogorda, Cajombre, Calabaza, Guiro amargo. SWEDISH : Kalebass, Flaskkurbits. TELUGU : Beerakaya. THAI : Namtao (Naam tao), Manamtao, Khi luu saa. Botany Upo is a coarse vine reaching a length of several meters. Leaves are rounded, 10 to 40 centimeters wide, softly hairy on both sides, 5-angled or lobed. Flowers, white, large, solitary, and monoecious or dioecious. Petals are ovate, 3 to 4 centimeters long. Calyx is hairy, with a funnel-shaped [...]