U

Upo

Family • Cucurbitaceae - Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standley - BOTTLE GOURD, WHITE PUMPKIN - Bian pu Scientific names Cucurbita siceraria Molina Cucurbita lagenaria Linn. Cucurbita lagenaria-oblonga Blanco Cucurbita lagenaria-villosa Blanco Cucurbita leucantha Duch. Lagenaria leucantha  (Duch.) Rusby Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standley Lagenaria vulgaris Seringe Hu lu (Chin.) Common names Buliangin (Sub.) Kalubai (Bis.) Labu (Sul.) Opo (Tag.) Sikai (Bis.) Tabungau (Bon., Ilk.) Upo (Tag.) Bottle gourd (Engl.) Calabash gourd (Engl.) Common gourd (Engl.) Bian pu (Chin.) White-flowered gourd (Engl.) White pumpkin (Engl.) Other vernacular names BENGALI: Lau CHINESE: Hu, hu lu gua, hulu, hu gua, mao gua, peh poh DANISH: Flaskegræskar, Flaskegraeskar, Kalabas. DUTCH : Fleskalebas, Flessepompoen. FINNISH : Pullokurpitsa. FRENCH : Gourde bouteille, Cougourde, Calebassier, Calebasse. FINNISH : Pullokurpitsa. GERMAN : Flaschenkürbis, Flaschen-Kürbis, Trompetenkürbis, Kalebassenkürbis. HINDI : Dudhi (Dudi, Dodi), Lokhi (Lauki). INDONESIAN : Labu botol, Labu air, Labu putih ITALIAN : Zucca da tabacco, zucca da vino JAPANESE : Yuugao KHMER : Khlôôk. LAOTIAN : Namz taux. MALAYALAM : Sorekai. MARATHI : Charanga. NEPALESE: Laukaa, Tito tumba ORIYA : Lau. PORTUGUESE : Abóbora-carneira, Cabaco. PUNJABI : Dudhi. SINHALESE : Diya labu. SPANISH : Calabaza vinatera, Cogorda, Cajombre, Calabaza, Guiro amargo. SWEDISH : Kalebass, Flaskkurbits. TELUGU : Beerakaya. THAI : Namtao (Naam tao), Manamtao, Khi luu saa. Botany Upo is a coarse vine reaching a length of several meters. Leaves are rounded, 10 to 40 centimeters wide, softly hairy on both sides, 5-angled or lobed. Flowers, white, large, solitary, and monoecious or dioecious. Petals are ovate, 3 to 4 centimeters long. Calyx is hairy, with a funnel-shaped [...]

Uray

Family • Amaranthaceae - Amaranthus spinosus Linn. - PIGWEEED - Tz'u Hsien-ts'ai Scientific names Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Other vernacular names CHINESE: Ci xian, Le xian cai, Lei xian cai. FINNISH: Piikkirevonhäntä. FRENCH: épinard Cochon, épinard Malabre, Amarante épineuse, Epinard Cochon, Epinard piquant, Pariétaire piquant. GERMAN: Dorniger Fuchsschwanz, Malabarspinat. HINDI: Chaulai Bhaji, Cholai, Kateli, Katemath. INDIA: Katemath. JAPANESE: Hari byu. NEPAL: Ban lure, Dhuti ghans. NORWEGIAN: Tornamarant. PORTUGUESE: Bredo-bravo, Bredo-de-espinho, Carurú-de-espinho, Caruru-bravo. SANSKRIT: Tanduliya, Tanduliyah. SPANISH: Bledo Espinoso, Espinaca De Malabar, Quelite Espinoso. SWEDISH: Taggamarant. TAMIL: Mullikkirai, Mullukkirai. THAI: Phak Khom Nam Common names Akum (Mag.) Alayon (If.) Ayantoto (Pamp.) Bawan (Bon.) Bayambang (Tag.) Giting-giting (Aul.) Harum (Bis.) Kalitis (Hlg., S.B.) Kalunay (ilk.) Kilitis (Tag., Bik.) Kolitis (Bis.) Kuantung (Ilk.) Kulitis (P. Bis.) Tadtad (Bon.) Tilitis (Bis.) Uray (Tag.) Calaloo (Engl.) Needle burr (Engl.) Pigweed (Engl.) Prickly amaranth (Engl.) Prickly calalu (Engl.) Spiny amaranth (Engl.) Thorny amaranth (Engl.) Thorny pigweed (Engl.) Tz'u Hsien-ts'ai (Chin.) Botany Urai is a stout, erect, smooth, branched herb, 0.4 to 1 meter high. Stems are armed with slender, axillary spines. (The presence of spines differentiate it from kolitis (Amaranthus viridis). Leaves are glabrous, long-petioled, oblong to oblong ovate, or elliptic-lanceolate, 4 to 10 centimeters long, obtuse, alternate. Flowers are very numerous, stalkless, green or greening-white, about 1 millimeter long, and borne in dense, axillary clusters and in elongated terminal axillary spikes. Sepals are 5 or 1-3, ovate to linear, often aristate. Petals are scarious. Bracts are linear, bristle-pointed and as long as the sepals or longer. Fruits [...]

Usiu

Family • Gramineae - Dinochloa scandens (Blume) O. Kuntze - ZIGZAG BAMBOO Scientific names Dinochloa scandens (Blume) O. Kuntze Bambusa scandens Blume Nastus tjangkorreh Schultes Dinochloa tjangkorreh Buse Dinochloa macrocarpa Elm. Other vernacular names MALAY: Pring kadalan. SUNDANESE: Cankoreh. Common names Baka (Tagb.) Balikau (Tagb.) Bia (Tagb.) Bika (Bon.) Balilit (Bag.) Bayokaui (P. Bis.) Bukau (Yak.) Bukaui (Tag.) Bulukaui (P. Bis.) Burukaui (S. L. Bis.) Timak (Mang.) Usiu (Bik., Tag.) Scrambling bamboo (Engl.) West Java climbing bamboo (Engl.) Zigzag bamboo (Engl.) Botany Usiu is a long, scrambling bamboo. Stems are several, climbing by loop, 1.5 to 3 centimeters in diameter at the base, terete, smooth and green; the branches are numerous, the slender, somewhat drooping branches forming a tangle mass; the sheath is 10 to 18 centimeters long. Leaves are about 15 to 35 centimeters long, 3 to centimeters wide, broadly linear or lanceolate. Infructescence occurs on leafless branchlets, chiefly terminal, 30 to 90 centimeters long. Fruit is hard, 1 to 1.25 centimeters long, ellipsoid to subglobose, of deep wine color when fully ripe; black when dry. Distribution - Common in primary forests, at low and medium altitudes, in Luzon (Bulacan, Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon), Polillo, Mindoro, Palawan, Balabac, Samar, Panay, Sibuyan, Biliran, Leyte, Mindanao, and Basilan. - Also occurs in the Malay Peninsula and Archipelago. Parts used Shoots, stems. Uses  Folkloric - Water inside the stem is used as eye medicine; also, for scurfiness. - Young shoots eaten as vermifuge. Availability Wild-crafted.

Utong

Family • Solanaceae - Solanum mammosum Linn. - MICKEY MOUSE PLANT - Wu jiao qie Scientific names Solanum mammosum Linn. Solanum mammosissium Ramrez Solanum platanifolium Hook Other vernacular names CHINESE: Wu jiao qie. FRENCH: Tétons de jeune fille, Morelle à fruit ornemental, Morelle molle. GERMAN: Zitzen Nachtschatten. MALAY: Terong susu. COUNTRY: Name SPANISH: Tetilla, Berenjena de gallina, Berenjena de teta. Common names Tagotong (S. L. Bis.) Talong susu (Tag.) Utong (Tag.) Apple of Sodom (Engl.) Berenjenita peluda (Span.) Cow's udder (Engl.) Love apple (Engl.) Mickey mouse plant (Engl.) Nipple fruit (Engl.) Titty fruit (Engl.) Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Comparative Proteomic Analysis of Indioside D-Triggered Cell Death in HeLa Cells / Chin Chun Wong et al / J. Proteome Res., 2008, 7 (5), pp 2050–2058 / DOI: 10.1021/pr800019k (2) The search for natural bioactive compounds through a multidisciplinary approach in Bolivia. Part II. Antimalarial activity of some plants used by Mosetene indians / Muñoz V, Sauvain M et al / J Ethnopharmacol. 2000 Feb;69(2):139-55. (3) Solanum mammosum as a source of solasodine in the lowland tropics / L. Telek, H. Delpin and E. Cabanillas / ECONOMIC BOTANY, Volume 31, Number 2 (1977), 120-128, DOI: 10.1007/BF02866581 (4) Isolation of saponins from Solanum mammosum and characterization of their anticancer activity by proteomics / Chi-Chun Wong, Ãpë / (5) Sorting EGGPLANT names / /Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1995 - 2020 / A Work in Progress. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The University of [...]

Ualis

Family • Malvaceae - Sida retusa Linn. - JELLY LEAF Scientific names Sida retusa Linn. Sida truncatula Blanco Sida philippica Blanco Sida rhombifolia Linn. var. retusa (L.) Borss. Waalk. Other vernacular names JAPANESE: Yahazu kingojika. RUSSIAN: Sida retuza, Sida prituplennaia. Common names Basbasot (Ilk.) Eskoba (Tag., C. Bis.) Eskobang-bilog (Tag.) Sasaang-parang (Tag.) Siligun (C. Bis.) Ualis (Tag.) Jelly leaf (Engl.) Botany Ualis is an erect, still, branched undershrub, usually less than 0.5 m high. Leaves are hairy beneath, oblong-obovate, 1 to 2 cm long, with notched, truncate or rounded tip, pointed base, and toothed margins. Flowers are axillary, solitary, yellow, about 1.5 cm in diameter. Fruit is a capsule with beaked carpels. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM EFFECTS OF SIDA RETUSA ROOT / Thangam Joseph and G Shanthaklmari / The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology, Vol.21 , No.1(1971)pp.136-13 (2) Sorting Sida names / Authorised by Prof. Snow Barlow / Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1997 - 2000 The University of Melbourne. (3) ANTIOXIDANT POTENTIAL OF Sida retusa, Urena lobata AND Triumfetta rhomboidea / K.P. Lissy,* Thara K. Simon, and M.S. Latha / Anc Sci Life. 2006 Jan-Jun; 25(3-4): 10–15. PMCID: PMC3335214 Distribution - In open grasslands, on paddy banks, at low and medium altitudes. - Also reported from India to Malaya. Properties Stems abound in mucilage, considered demulcent, emollient. Leaves considered diuretic and diaphoretic. Parts used Stems, leaves. Uses Folkloric Stems considered emollient and demulcent, for external and internal use. Leaves used for dressing ulcers. Poultice of [...]

Ualis-haba

Family • Malvaceae - Escobilla - Sida rhombifolia Linn. - YELLOW BARLERIA - Ya mu tou Scientific names Sida rhombifolia Linn. Sida ruderata Macfad. Sida unicomis Marais Sida insularis Hatus Sida pringlei Gand. Common names Alant (Germany) Aunee (Frabce) Basbasot (Ilk.) Baseng-baseng (Bis.) Elenio (Italy) Escobilia (Span.) Eskobang-haba (Tag., Bis., Pamp.) Eskoba (C. Bis.) Lubluban (Bon.) Nang-nang-isit (Ilk.) Sinaguri (Sul.) Singitan (Ilk.) Sinutan (Ibn.) Taching-baka (Iv.) Takim-baba (Ilk.) Ualis-haba, Walis-haba (Tag.) Ualis-ualisan (Tag.) Walis-haba (Tag.) Walis-walisan (Tag.) Arrow-leaf sida (Engl.) Paddy's lucerne (Engl.) Teaweed (Engl.) Yellow barleria (Engl.) Other vernacular names AFRICA: Petoria-bossie. ARABIC: Qinnab el Kûînsland (Egypt). ASSAMESE: Boriala. BANGLADESH: Lal berela atibala. BENGALI: Svetbarela. COUNTRY: Name CHINESE: Bai bei huang huo ren, Huang huo, Ya mu tou, Mu wu. FRENCH: Balyé wonzè, Chanvre d'Australie, Fausse guimauve, Faux thé, Herbe à balais. GERMAN: Kubajute, Queensland Hanf, Sidafaserpflanze. GUJARATI: Baladana. HINDI: Baryara, Kharenti, Sahadeva, Swetbarela. INDONESIAN: Sidaguri. JAPANESE: Kingojika. KANNADA: Bolamgadale, Kallangadale. MALAYALAM: Vankuruntotti, Valankuruntotti, Velluram. MARATHI: Baler, Sadeda, Sahadevi. NEPALESE: Saano cilyaa. ORIYA: Bajromuli. PORTUGUESE: Chá-bravo, Erva do chá, Enula campana, Guaxuma, Malva-preta, Relógio, Vassourinha. RUSSIAN: Sida rombolistnaya, Atibala. SANSKRIT: Atibala, Bala, Mahabala. SPANISH: Afata negra, Ancu-sacha, Angosacha, Axpcatzín, Escoba, Escoba blanca, Escobilla, Escobita ceniza, Huinar, Malva de puerco, Malva prieta, Mata-alfalfa, Popotalagua, Tipichaguazu. SRI LANKAN: Chittamadi. TAMIL: Chittamutti, Velaippacai. TELUGU: Guba tada, Mahabala. THAI: Khat mon, Ya khat , Yung pat mae mai. TURKISH: Avsdralia keneviri. URDU: Bala, Baryara. VIETNAMESE: Ké hoa vàng. Botany Ualis-haba is an erect, branched shrub reaching 0.5 to 1.5 meters in height. Leaves are oblong to rhomboid, 1 to [...]

Ualisualisan

Family • Malvaceae - Sida acuta Burm. f. - BROOM WEED - Huang hua ren Scientific names Sida acuta Burm. f. Sida carpinifolia Linn. f. Sida lanceolata Retz. Sida frutescens Cav. Other vernacular names CHINESE: Huang hua ren. FRENCH: Balai midi, Balai onze heures, Balai savane, Balyé wonzè (Saint Lucia), Grosse herbe dure, Herbe à panier, Herbe dure. JAPANESE: Hosoba kingojika. LAOTIAN: Khat mon noi . MALAGASY: Tsindahorona. PORTUGUESE: Guaxuma, Relógio-De-Vaqueiro, Tupitixa, Vassoura-Preta, Vassourinha RUSSIAN: Sida ostraia. SPANISH: Babosilla , Escoba blanca, Escobilla, Huinar, Malva colorado, Malva de castilla. THAI: No-khue-mae, Ya khat bai yao, Ya khat mon, Ya kho, Yung pat. Common names Attai-na-baka (Ibn.) Basbasot (Ilk.) Escobang-haba (Tag.) Eskuba (C. Bis.) Eskubilla (Tag., Bis.) Herbara (Ilk.) Higot-balato (Tag., Pamp., Bis.) Mamalis (Tag., Pamp.) Pamalis (Tag., Bis.) Silhigon (Bis.) Sinaguri-lañgan (Sul.) Surisighid (Bik.) Saliki (C. Bis.) Takling-baka (Pang.) Taking-baka (Tag.) Takkimbaka (Ilk.) Ualisualisan (Tag.) Uaualisan (Tag.) Escoba larga (Span.) Broomweed (Engl.) Common wireweed (Engl.) Spiny head sida (Engl.) Wire weed (Engl.) Botany Ualisualisan is an erect, branched, slightly hairy or neary smooth, half-woody shrub growing to a height of a meter or less. Leaves are lanceolate, 3 to 5 centimeters long, with toothed margins, pointed tip and blunt or rounded base. Flowers are yellow, about 1.3 centimeters in diameter, borne singly at the axils of the leaves. Fruit is a capsule about 3.5 millimeters long, with two projections and consists of 4 to 9 carpels enclosed by the calyx. Distribution - Weed found in open places throughout the Philippines. - Pantropic. Constituents - Roots contain [...]

Uas

Family • Sapindaceae - Harpullia arborea (Blanco) Radik. - TULIP WOOD TREE Scientific names Harpulia arborea (Blanco) Radik. Harpulia blancoi F.-Vill. Harpulia eupanioides F.-Vill. Harpulia imbricata Thwaites Ptelia arborea Blanco Seringia lanceolata Blanco Blancoa arborea Blume Other vernacular names MALAYALAM: Chittilamadakku, Puzhukolli. TAMIL: Nei kottei. Common names Abuyan (Ilk.) Ambuyoan (Ilk.) Antatuba (Neg.) Bogna (Bag.) Dariguai (Ibn.) Dulio (Sml.) Dulis (Mag., Mbo.) Huas (P. Bis.) Kayaskas (Ilk.) Magalad (Tagb.) Magalat (Bik.) Magantimus (Mag.) Malatubas (Bik.) Maramblag (Ibn.) Mama-an (Tagb.) Oas (Sbl., Tag.) Poas (Tag.) Puas (Tag.) Riñgis (Tagb.) Toual (Bag.) Uas (Ibn., Ilk., Tag.) Uas-na-puran (Ilk.) Harpullia (Engl.) Tulipwood tree (Engl.) Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Solvent Based Effectiveness of Antibacterial and Phytochemical Derivatized from the Seeds of Harpullia arborea (Blanco) Radlk. (Sapindaceae) / S. SHYAMALA GOWRI; K. VASANTHA / J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. December, 2009 Vol. 13(4) 99 - 101 (2) Phytochemical study of Harpullia Arborea leaves / Ratchanee Poovapatthanachart / Research Gate Botany Uas is a tree that reaches a height of about 20 meters. Leaves are alternate, 10 to 30 centimeters long, with 5 to 9 leaflets. Leaflets are smooth, oblong or broadly lanceolate, 7 to 15 centimeters long, about 5 centimeters wide, the tip being pointed and the base blunt and oblique. Flowers are small, greenish, borne on panicles arising from the upper leaf axils. Fruit is inflated, smooth, yellowish-red, dehiscent, about 1.5 centimeters long and 2.5 centimeters wide, and divided into two lobes, each containing a few seeds. Distribution - Common in thickets and second-growth forests at low and medium altitudes throughout the [...]

Ubi

Family • Dioscoreaceae - Dioscorea alata - YAM Common names Ubi (Tag., Bis., Ilk.) Kinampai (Bis.) Yam (Engl.) Botany A slender creeping vine reaching a length of several meters. The leaf-stalk slightly purple at both points of attachment. Root is tumorous, often with small axillary tubers. Distribution  Throughout the Philippines in thickets at low and medium altitudes. Cultivated. Parts utilized and preparation Tubers Graphic insert Tuber, 16" long. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Anti-Fenton reaction activity of three taxa of water yam (Dioscorea alata L.) / Tsu-Shing Wang et al /International journal of food science & technology ISSN 0950-5423 / 2007, vol. 42, no9, pp. 1107-1113 (2) Local Root Crops as Antioxidant  (3) Uncooked Taiwanese yam (Dioscorea alata L. cv. Tainung No. 2) beneficially modulated the large bowel function and faecal microflora in BALB/c mice  (4) Effect of Yam (Dioscorea alata Compared to Dioscorea japonica) on Gastrointestinal Function and Antioxidant Activity in Mice / Journal of Food Science Vol 71 Issue 7, Pages S513 - S516 / 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2006.00113.x (5) Both dioscorin, the tuber storage protein of yam (Dioscorea alata cv. Tainong No. 1), and its peptic hydrolysates exhibited angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory activities / Feng-Lin Hsu et al /Agric Food Chem. 2002 Oct 9;50(21):6109-13. (6) Cytokine-Mimetic Properties of Some Philippine Food and Medicinal Plants / Journal of Medicinal Food / June 2007, 10(2): 290-299. doi:10.1089/jmf.2006.067. (7) Dioscorin isolated from Dioscorea alata activates TLR4-signaling pathways and induces cytokine expression in macrophages / Shu-Ling Fu et al / Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications Volume 339, Issue 1, 6 January [...]

Ubi-ubihan

Family • Dioscoreaceae - Dioscorea bulbifera Linn. - AIR POTATO - Huang du Scientific names Dioscorea bulbifera Linn. Dioscorea heterophylla Roxb. Dioscorea latifolia Benth. Dioscorea oppositifolia Campbell Dioscorea sativa Hort. Dioscorea violacea Baudon Dioscorrea tamifolia Salisb. Helmia bulbifera (L.) Kunth. Huang du (Chin.) Common names Aribukbuk (Ilk.) Bayag-kabayo (Tag.) Dadakan (Bag.) Pulugan (Bik.) Ubi-ubihan (Tag.) Utong-utoñgan (Tag.) Aerial yam (Engl.) Air potato (Engl.) Bitter yam (Engl.) Potato yam (Engl.) Huang yao zu (Chin.) Other vernacular names BENGALI: Ban Alu, Rat Alu, Roth Alu. BURMESE: Ah Lu Thi, Hpwut Sa Uu, Pat Sa Uu. CHINESE: Shan ci gu, Ling yu shu, Huang yao, Shan ci gu. FRENCH: Igname Bulbifère, Igname Pousse En L´air, Masako, Pomme En L´air, Pousse En L´air. GERMAN: Brotwurzel, Kartoffelyam, Knollen-yam, Luft-Kartoffel, Luft-yams, Yamswurzel HAWAIIAN: Hoi. HINDI: Gaithi, Hoei Oepas, Karu Kunda, Karukanda, Kodikilangu, Ratalu, Ratula INIDIA: Hoei-Oepas JAPANESE: Kashuu Imo, Niga Kashuu. MARATHI: Kadu Kand, Mataru. NEPALESE: Giitthaa (Gittha), Giitthe Tarul (Gitthe Tarul), Jada Bis, Van Tarul. ORIYA: PitaaAlu. PORTUGUESE: Inhame. RUSSIAN: Iams Lukovitsenosnyi. SPANISH: ñame Criollo, ñame De Aire,, ñame De Gunda, ñame Volador, Papa Cimarrona, Papa De Aire. TELUGU: Adavi Dumpa, Chedupaddudampa, Karu Kanda, Malaka Kayependalamu. THAI: De Khwa, Ham Pao, La Sa Mi, Lo Chae Mue, Man Khamin, Wan Phra Chim, Wan Sam Phan Thueng VIETNAMESE: C di, Khoai dái, Khoai tri. Botany Ubi-ubihan is a climbing or twining, dioecious, smooth, unarmed vine reaching a length of several meters. Tubers are rounded, not larger than a man's fist. Stems are terete, bearing numerous little tubers. Leaves are simple, ovate, 7 to 14 centimeters [...]