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Wampi

Family • Rutaceae - Clausena lansium (Lour.) - WAMPEE - Huang pi guo Scientific names Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels Quinaria lansium Lour. Cookia wampi Blanco Cookia punctata Sonn. Clausena wampi Oliv. Clausena punctata Rehder & Wils. Common names Galumpi (Tag.) Huampit (Tag.) Uampi (Tag.) Uampit (Tag.) Wampi (Tag.) Wampit (Tag.) Chinese clausena (Engl.) Fool's curry leaf (Engl.) Wampee (Engl.) Huang pi guo (Chin.) Other vernacular names CHINESE: Huang pi, Huang pi zi. DUTCH: Vampi. FRENCH: Vampi, Wampi. JAPANESE: Kurausena ranjuumu, Kurauzena ranshiumu, Wanpii. KHMER: Kantrop, Sômz maf'ai. LAOTIAN: Somz mafai. MALAY: Wampi, Wang-pei, Wampoi RUSSIAN: Klauzena tochechnaia, Vampi. THAI: Ma fai chin, Som ma fai, Mafai chin, Ueng-tuai, Ueng-tua, Ueng-phuai. VIETNAMESE: Hoàng bi, Hồng bì, Quất hồng bì. Botany Uampi is a small tree about 7 meters high. Leaves are dark green, pinnate, with 5 to 9 leaflets. Each leaflet has a stalk about 3 millimeters long, the blade ovate-elliptic, lanceolate or ovate, about 7 to 10 centimeters or more in length, pointed at the tip, much wider on one side of the base. Flowers are borne in terminal panicles, white, about 14 millimeters in diameter. Petals are five, white, and boat-shaped. Calyx is small and five-parted. Stamens are 10, with conspicuous yellow anthers. Ovary is five-celled, borne on a short stalk, covered with hairy nobs, and surrounded by a short style terminating in a rounded stigma. Fruit is ivory yellow, rounded, about 2 centimeters in diameter, very slightly flattened at the base, somewhat rounded at the tip, and borne in bunches. Skin of the fruit [...]

Watercress

Family • Cruciferae / Brassicaceae - Tonghoy - Nasturtium officinale R. Br. - CRESS - Xi yang cai Other scientific names Sisymbrium nasturtium Linn. Roripa nasturtium Rusby Roripa nasturtium-aquaticum Hayek Nasturium aquaticum Common names Watercress (Engl.) Tonghoy (Ilk.) Nasturium (Engl.) Cress (Engl.) Xi yang cai (Engl.) Botany An floating aquatic plant, with very branched creeping stems. The leaves are erect and pinnate; the upper ones with 3 to 7 pinnules and a terminal one, the lower ones cut into 3 repand segments. Flowers are white, borne in short racemes. Petals are longer than the sepals. Distribution Abundant in shallow waters and small streams in the Trinidad valley, Benguet areas, at altitudes of about 1,300 meters. The pods is 1.2 toi 2.5 cm long, stalked and spreading, or bent upward. Seeds are small and 2-seriate. Parts utilized Seeds Chemical constituents and properties • A good source of calcium; a fair source of iron. • Antiscorbutic; rich in vitamins A and C; fair in vitamin D. • Contains an essential oil, the principal substance of which is phenylpropionic acid nitrite. • It also contains a glucoside, gluconastutiin. • Considered antiscorbutic, diuretic, expectorant, hypoglycemic, odontalgic, purgative, stimulant, stomachic. • Contains specific indoles that help in disposing of excess estrogen; heavy cooking destroys these indoles. • Contains phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC), a compound known for cancer-preventive properties. source Uses Folkloric Bruised leaves and juice, used as a facial lotion to remove blotches, spots and blemishes. Used for tubercular patients. Also used as a stimulant and aphrodisiac. Freshly expressed juice [...]

Water willow

Family • Acanthacea - Justicia procumbens Linn. - WATER WILLOW - Chu wei hung Scientific names Justicia procumbens Linn. Dianthera americana Blanco Dianthera ciliata Blanco Rostellularia blancoi Hassk. Rostellularia mollissima Nees Rostellularia procumbens Nees Justicia molissima Wall. Common names Water willow (Engl.) Chio-chuang (Chin.) Other vernacular names CHINESE: Jue chuang, Chu wei hung. MARATHI: Karambal, Pitpapada, Kalmashi. TAMIL: Arm, Knteyu, Kotakacalai, Kukkum. Botany Justicia procumbens is a slender, often tufted, prostrate or ascending, branched annual. Stems are 10 to 40 centimeters long. Leaves are elliptic to oblong-ovate or ovate, 7 to 20 millimeters long, 5 to 20 millimeters wide, obtuse at both ends, and entire or with slightly crenated at the margins. Flowers are pink, 6 to 7 millimeters long, and borne in terminal, rather dense cylindric spikes 1 to 5 centimeters long and about 5 millimeters in diameter. Bracts and calyx-teeth are green, linear-lanceolate, and hairy. Fruit is slightly hairy and about 4 millimeters long. Distribution - In open places at low and medium altitudes, from the Batan Islands and northern Luzon to Mindanao, in most islands and provinces. - Also in China and southward to Australia. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Potent Cytotoxic Lignans from Justicia procumbens and Their Effects on Nitric Oxide and Tumor Necrosis Factor-α Production in Mouse Macrophages / Shiow Hwa Day, Yi-Chen et al / J. Nat. Prod., 2002, 65 (3), pp 379–381 / DOI: 10.1021/np0101651 (2) Two New Arylnaphthalide Lignans and Antiplatelet Constituents from Justicia procumbens / Jing-Ru Weng, Horng-Huey K et al / Archiv der Pharmazie, Vol 337, Issue 4, pages 207–212, April 2004 [...]

Wedelia

Family • Asteraceae / Compositae - Wedelia trilobata (L.) A.S. Hitchc. - YELLOW DOTS Scientific names Wedelia trilobata (L.) A.S. Hitchc. Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) Pruski Thelechitonia trilobata Common names Creeping oxeye (Eng.) Trailing daisy (Engl.) Wedelia (Engl.) Yellow dots (Engl.) Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Validation of plants used for reproductive problems in Trinidad and Tobago / Journ of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine • 2007; 3: 13./ doi: 10.1186/1746-4269-3-13. (2) Screening of the topical anti-inflammatory activity of the bark of Acacia cornigera Willdenow, Byrsonima crassifolia Kunth, Sweetia panamensis Yakovlev and the leaves of Sphagneticola trilobata Hitchcock / M Maldini, S Sosa, P Montoro et al / Journal of Ethnopharmacology • Volume 122, Issue 3, 21 April 2009, Pages 430-433 / doi:10.1016/j.jep.2009.02.002 (3) Trilobolide-6-O-isobutyrate, a eudesmanolide from Wedelia trilobata / X S Huang et al / Acta Cryst. (2003). E59, o771-o772 [ doi:10.1107/S1600536803009590 ] Botany A creeping, succulent mat-forming perennial herb, with rounded stems rooting at the nodes. Leaves are opposite, ovate, dentate, shallowly 3-cleft, glossy and green. Flowers are 2 cm across and golden yellow. Distribution Rare cultivation. Makes an excellent and decorative ground cover. Parts utilized Leaves, flowers. Constituents • Study isolated main bioactive sesquiterpene lactones, trilobolid-6-O-isobutyrates A and B. • From the flower, the structure of trilobolide-6-O-isobytyrate shows a eudesmanolide sesquiterpene skeleton. • Contains the diterpene (kaurenoic acid), eudesmanolide lactones and luteolin (in leaves and stems. Properties  • Study isolated Uses Folkloric • No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines. • In Trinidad and Tobago, used for reproductive problems, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea. • In South America, used to treat symptoms of colds [...]

Wild sunflower

Family • Asteraceae - Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray - SHRUB SUNFLOWER - Wang ye kui Scientific names Tithonia diversifolia Common names Shrub sunflower (Engl.) Tithonia (Engl.) Tree marigold (Engl.) Wild sunflower (Engl.) Wang ye kui (Chin.) Gen info Genus name derives from the Greek god Tithonus, a favorite of Aurora, goddess of dawn. Botany Small to medium-sized annual shrub with rather stout, almost glabrous branches. Leaves are alternate, petioled, membranaceous, ovate to orbicular, entire or 3- to 5-lobed, with toothed margins. Distribution Introduced to the Philippines as an ornamental. Has escaped cultivation to become a weed in waste places. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Studies on the anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of Tithonia diversifolia leaf extract / Victor B Owoyele, Caleb O. Wuraola et al / Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol 90, Issues 2-3, February 2004, Pages 317-321 / doi:10.1016/j.jep.2003.10.010 | (2) Study of three sesquiterpene lactones from Tithonia diversifolia on their anti-inflammatory activity using the transcription factor NF-kappa B and enzymes of the arachidonic acid pathway as targets / Rungeler P, Lyss G et al / Planta Med. 1998 Oct;64(7):588-93. (3) Toxicity study of the aqueous extract of Tithonia diversifolia leaves using selected biochemical parameters in rats / J O Adebayo, E A Balogun, S A Oyeleke / Pharmacognosy Research, 2009 / Volume : 1, Issue : 3, Page : 143-147 (4) Toxicity studies of Tithonia diversifolia A. Gray (Asteraceae) in rats / T O Elufloye, O I Alatise et al / Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol 122, Issue 2, 18 March 2009, Pages [...]