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Yacon

Family • Asteraceae - Smallanthus sonchifolius - POTATO BEAN Scientific names Smallanthus sonchifolius (Poe.& Endl.) H. Robinson Polymnia edulis Wedd. Polymnia sonchifolia Poepp. & Endl. Common names Yacon (Tag.) Earth apple (Engl.) Peruvian ground apple (Engl._ Potato bean (Engl.) Yacon strawberry (Eng.) Other vernacular names AMARA: Aricona, Aricoma (Bolivia), Aricuma (Bolivia). FRENCH: Poire de terre. JAPANESE: Yaakon. QUECHUA: Llacjon, Llacoma, Llacón (Peru, Bolivia), Llacum, Llacuma, Llakuma (Peru, Bolivia), Llamón, Llaqon, Yacumpi. SPANISH: Arboloco (Colombia), Chicama, Colla, Jacón, Jícama, Jíquima (Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador), Jíkima, Jiquimilla (Venezuela, Colombia), Polaco, Puhe, Racón, Shicama, Taraca, Yacón (Bolivia, Peru). General info  A member of the sunflower family, native to the lower Peruvian Andes and many many South American forest regions, and long valued as a root crop. It was first recorded as a native cultivated root crop by the Andeans in 1615. Fresh tubers are crisp and juicy redolent of apples and melons, sometimes referred to as "Apple of the Earth." It has a sweetness that increases with storage. Eaten raw, baked, roasted, jammed, juiced into syrup or drinks, or made into pudding dishes. Botany Yacon is a perennial herb growing to a height of 2 to 3 meters. Leaves are broadly ovate with widely toothed margins and extending into the stems. Flowers are daisy-like, yellow to orange, avidly pollinated by insects. Root crop is edible, fleshy, yellowish white, sweet, with a crisp consistency of sinkamas. Distribution - Recently introduced and cultivated in the Mountain Province area. - Originally cultivated in the Andean highlights. - Reported in China [...]

Yellow allamanda

Family • Apocynaceae - Allamanda neriifolia Hook. - BUSH ALLAMANDA Scientific names Allamanda neriifolia Hook. Allamanda schottii Common names Bush allamanda (Engl.) Buttercup flower (Engl.) Dwarf golden trumpet (Engl.) Yellow allamanda (Engl.) Yellow allamanda (Engl.) Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Protoplumericin, an Iridoid Bis-glucoside in Allamanda neriifolia / Yamauchi Tatsuo et al / Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin, 29(10) pp.3051-3055 19811025 (2) Evaluation of the anti-proliferative effect the extracts of Allamanda blanchetti and A. schottii on the growth of leukemic and endothelial cells / Dionezine de F Navarro Schmidt et al / J Pharm Pharmaceut Sci (www.cspscanada.org) 9(2):200-208, 2006 Botany The plant is a glabrous perennial shrub growing to a height of 1.5 meters, with a milky sap and sometimes scandent branches. Leaves are narrow, opposite or whorled, 2-5 at each nod, 8-10 cm long, 2-3 cm wide. Inflorescence is paniculate. Flowers are bell-shaped with a golden yellow corolla, striped orange at the throat, up to 6 cm across, with a short and swollen tube, angular at the base. Fruit is a globose and prickly capsule. Distribution Recently introduced. Ornamental cultivation. Propagated by stem cuttings. Found wild in thickets. Uses Folkloric • No known folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines. Concerns • Milky and irritant sap. • Skin contact may cause dermatitis. • Reports of diarrhea or vomiting with ingestion of plant parts. Study Findings • Protoplumericin / Iridoid Bis-glucoside: Study isolated protoplumericin, 13-O-(ß-D-glucopyranosyl-p-coumaroyl)-plumieride, from the methanolic extract of A neriifolia. • Anti-Proliferative / Cytostatic / Cytotoxic: Study evaluated the anti-proliferative effect of A schottii and A blanchetti [...]

Yellow bell

Family • Bignoniaceae - Stenolobium stans (Linn.) D. Don - YELLOW TRUMPET BUSH Scientific names Bignonia stans Linn. Bignonia frutescens Linn. Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth Common names Yellow bell (Engl.) Yellow bignonia (Engl.) Yellow elder (Engl.) Yellow trumpet bush (Engl.) Trumpet flower (Engl.) Other vernacular names AFRIKAANS: Geelklokkies. BENGALI: Candraprabhā. CZECH: Protiha vzpřímená. DUTCH: Gele bignonia. FRENCH: Bignone jaune, Bignone stans, Bignonia jaune, Bois à enivrer, Bois Caraïbe, Bois pissenlit, Chevalier, Copete, Fleur de saint Pierre, Fresnillo, Herbe de saint Nicolas, Trompette d'or. GERMAN: Eschenblättrige Jasmintrompete, Gelbe Trompetenblume. GREEK: Louloúdia, Louloúdi vignónia. ITALIAN: Bignonia gialla. HINDI: Piliya JAPANESE: Kinreiju, Kinreiju, Tekoma sutansu. KANNADA: Koranekelar. MARATHI: Ghanti ful PERSIAN: Tikuma al stans. PORTUGUESE: Amarelinho, Bignonia-amarela, Guarã-guarã, Ipê-amarelo-de-jardim, Ipê-de-jardim, Ipê-mirim, Ipezinho-de-jardim, Sinos-amarelos. POLISH: Tekoma prosta. RUSSIAN: Tekoma priamostoiachaia. SPANISH: Bignonia amarilla, Chanté, Guaranguay amarillo, Palo amarillo, Roble amarlllo, Saúco amarillo, Saúco de jardín, Trompeta de oro, Tronadora. SWEDISH: Gul trumpetbuske. THAI: Tong u rai. Botany Yellow bell is an erect, branched, sparingly hairy or nearly smooth shrub, about 2 to 4 meters in height. Leaves are opposite, odd-pinnate, and up to 20 centimeters in length, with 5 or 7 leaflets. Leaflets are lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 6 to 13 centimeters long, pointed at both ends, and toothed at the margins. Flowers are yellow, faintly scented, borne in short, dense, terminal clusters. Calyx is green, 5 to 7 millimeters long and 5-toothed. The capsules are linear, compressed, 15 to 20 centimeters long, 6 to 8 millimeters wide, pointed and hanging from the branches. Seeds are numerous, [...]

Yerba buena

Family • Labiateae - Mentha arvensis Linn. - MINT, PEPPER MINT - Po-ho Scientific names Mentha arvensis Linn. Mentha crispa Blanco Common names Ablebana (If.) Herba buena (Tag.) Hilbas (Tag.) Hierba buena (Span.) Karabo (Surigao del Norte) Menta Brook mint (Engl.) Marsh mint (English) Mint, peppermint (Engl.) Tule mind (Engl.) Wild mint (Engl.) Other vernacular names ARABIC: Naana al hind. BENGALI: Podina. BURMESE: Bhudina. CHINESE:Po-ho. DANISH: Agermynte . DUTCH: Akkermunt . FINNISH: Peltominttu, Pelto-minttu, Rantaminttu. FRENCH: Baume des champs, Menthe des champs, Menthe du japon. GERMAN: Ackerminze, Feldminze, Kornminze, Minze. GUJARATI: Phudno, Pudina. HINDI: Pudinah. ITALIAN: Menta selvatica, Minta. JAPANESE: Mensa arubenshisu, Menta arubenshisu, Youshu hakka. KANNADA: Chetnimaraga, Chetnimaragu. MALAYALAM: Putiyina. MARATHI: Pudina. PERSIAN Pudinah. COUNTRY: Name POLISH: Mięta polna. PORTUGUESE: Hortelã-comum, Vique (Brazil). TAMIL: Puthina. TELUGU: Pudina. SANSKRIT: Pudina, Putiha. SPANISH: Menta japonesa, Menta silvestre. SWEDISH: Åkermynta. URDU: Pudinchkohi. Botany Hierba buena is a prostrate, smooth , much-branched, usually purplish, strongly aromatic herb, with stems growing up to 40 centimeters long, with ultimate ascending terminal branches. Leaves are elliptic to oblong-ovate, 1.5 to 4 centimeters long, short-stalked with toothed margins, and rounded or blunt tipped. Flowers are hairy and purplish to bluish, borne in axillary headlike whorls. Calyx teeth are triangular or lanceolate and hairy; the corolla is also hairy. Distribution - Native of Europe. - Introduced by the Spaniards. - Widely cultivation to some extent in all parts of the Philippines. - Thrives well at high elevations; rarely flowers in lowlands. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Influence of the Leaf Extract of [...]