Z

Zinnia

Family • Asteraceae - Zinnia elegans Jacq - YOUTH-AND-OLD-AGE Scientific names Zinnia elegans Jacq. Zinnia violacea Crassina elegans Common names Common zinnia Zinnia Youth-and-old-age Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Phytochemical and Antifungal Screening of Medicago sativa and Zinnia elegans / OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences 2(2):130-132,2002 (2) Today’s allergic rhinitis patients are different: new factors that may play a role / R Mosges, L Klimek / Allergy, Volume 62, Issue 9, pages 969–975, September 2007 / DOI: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2007.01440.x Gen info  Zinnia is a common Mexican wildflower. The early Spanish colonists in Mexico found the flowers ugly and called them mal de ojos (evil eyes). The genus was named after German botanist who first named it, Johann Gottfried Zinn of Gottingen. Of the 200 or more species (source) in the zinnia genus, Zinnia elegans is the most well known. Botany Low, erect annual herb, growing to a height of 1 to 3 feet. Leaves are opposite, ovate or nearly elliptic, with the base clasping the stem. Flower head is terminal, single- or double-flowerd. The flowering stalk is 2-5 cm long. Ray flowers are reflexed, of various colors, disk flowers usually yellow or orange. Distribution Native to Mexico. Widely distributed in the Philippines. Thrives best in deep loamy soil. Propagated by seeds. Uses Folkloric No known folkloric use in the Philippines. Study Findings • Antifungal. Phytochemical and antifungal screening of the whole plant of Z elegans yielded 7.6% saponins and showed pronounced antifungal activity against Fusarium moniliforme. • Allergenicity / Allergic Rhinitis. Zinnia elegans pollen from heavily polluted [...]

Zamia

Family • Cycadaceae / Zamiaceae - Zamia pumila L. - FALSE SAGO PALM - Da su tie Scientific names Zamia pumila L. Zamia concinna L. Zamia debilis L.f. ex Aiton Zamia dentata Voigt Zamia integrifolia (L.f. ex Aiton) Kuntz Zamia latifolia Prenleloup Encephalantos pumilus (L.) Sweet Palmifolium debile (Aiton) Kuntze Palmifolium integrifolium (L.f. ex Aiton) Kuntze Palmifolium pumilum (L.) Kuntze Common names Zamia (Tag.) Cardboard palm (Engl.) Comfort root (Engl.) Coontie (Engl.) False sago palm (Engl.) Florida Arrowroot (Engl.) Sago zamia (Engl.) Other vernacular names ARABIC: Zamyah. CHINESE: Da su tie. FRENCH: Zamie, Zamier. GERMAN: Zapfenpalmfarn. ITALIAN: Zamia. RUSSIAN: Zamiia. TURKISH: Zamia. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Zamia pumila / Poisonous Plants and Animals of Florida and the Caribbean / David W. Nellis / Google Books (2) Toxicology Brief: Cycad toxicosis in dogs / Hany Youssef, BVSc, DVM, MS / Veterinary Medicine (3) Zamia pumila / Synonyms / The Plant List Botany Zamia is a perennial palm-like dioecious plant with simple, sometimes branched, short trunk. Leaves are pinnately compound, crowded on the terminal part of the trunk, up to 1.5 meters long, with a prickly stalk. Leaflets are 10-15 on each side of the rachis, opposite or alternate, oblanceolate, overlapping. Male cones are cylindrical, up to 10 centimeters long, often clustered; female ones are shorter and elongate-ovoid. Distribution Recently introduced. Parts utilized Rhizomes, roots, fruit. Constituents and Properties Yields the toxic glucoside cycasin, found in ten genera of living cycads. Toxin is present in the roots, seeds and foliage. Uses Edibility - See Toxicity / Caution below. - The starchy stems, after treatment to remove the [...]

Zamioculcas

Family • Araceae - Zamioculcas zamiifolia (Lodd. et al) Engl. - ZZ PLANT - Jin qian shu Scientific names Zamioculcas zamiifolia Lodd. et al. Zamioculcas loddigesii Zamioculcas lanceolata Caladium zamiaefolium Lodd. et al. Other vernacular names CHINESE: Jin qian shu. Common names Aroid palm (Engl.) Emerald fronds (Engl.) Golden tree (Engl.) Succulent philodendron (Engl.) Zanzibar gem (Engl.) Zu Zu plant (Engl.) ZZ plant (Engl) General info Zamioculcas is a genus of flowering plant in the Araceae family, with the single species Zamioculcas . Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Phytoremediation of BTEX from Indoor Air by Zamioculcas zamiifolia / Waranat Sriprapat, Paitip Thiravetyan / Water Air and Soil Pollution (Impact Factor: 1.75). 224(3). / DOI: 10.1007/s11270-013-1482-8 (2) Factors affecting xylene-contaminated air removal by the ornamental plant Zamioculcas zamiifolia. / BioMed Search.com Botany Zu zu plant is an evergreen plant that grows from a stout underground, succulent water-storing rhizome, attaining a height of 45 to 60 centimeters. Leaves are pinnate, 40 to 60 centimeters long, with 6-8 pairs of leaflets 7 to 15 centimeters long, smooth, shiny and dark green. Flowers are small bright yellow to brown on bronze spadix 5 centimeters long, partly hidden among the leaf bases. Distribution  - Common pot cultivation in the Philippines. - Introduced. - Native to eastern Africa, from Kenya to northeastern South Africa. - Wide scale commercial propagation by Dutch nurseries around 1996. Uses Folkloric • No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines. • In the jungles of Ghana, leaves used by shamans to relieve stomach ache. Others • [...]