Family • Verbenacea - Gmelina asiatica Blanco - ASIAN BUSHBEECH
|Gmelina philippensis Cham.|
|Gmelina asiatica Blanco|
|Gmelina hystrix Kurz.|
|Gmelina inermis Blanco|
|G. asiatica (L.) var. philippensis Bakh.|
|Alipung (Tag.)||Paniktik (Sbl.)|
|AlipuÃ±ga (Tag.)||Sousou (Ig.)|
|Baga babui (Tag., Bis.)||TuloÃ±gan (P. Bis.)|
|Betebet (Pang.)||Asiatic beechberry (Engl.)|
|Bosel-bosel (Ilk.)||Asian bushbeech (Engl.)|
Alipung is an erect, branched, nearly smooth shrub or small tree, 3 to 8 meters high, usually with a few stout spines on the trunk and branches. Leaves are elliptic, 4 to 8 centimeters long, entire, usually rounded or blunt at the apex and pointed at the base, and smooth beneath. Flowers are borne in short, terminal racemes, each subtended by a large, pale-green bract. The calyx is green, about 5 millimeters long. Corolla is yellow, about 4 centimeters long. Fruit is fleshy, smooth, yellow, pear-shaped, about 2 centimeters long.
– Common in thickets and secondary forests at low and medium altitudes in Cagayan, Benguet, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, Pampanga, Bulacan, Rizal, and Laguna Provinces in Luzon; and in Panay.
– Also reported in Siam, Cochin-China.
• Juice of fruit applied to portions of the feet affected by “alipuÃ±ga,” a kind of eczema.
• Fruit of juice is also considered an “anti-limatik” (a species of leech of the genus Haemadipsa).
• Fruit poultice pounded with lime, applied to the throat, for coughs.
• Mixture of the fruit with lime and garlic vigorously applied to the body in cases of dropsy.
• In India, traditionally used for diabetes. Also, used for dandruff – fruit juice applied every three days in the morning externally on the scalp.
• Antipyretic: Study of eight Pakistani medicinal plants showed Gmelina asiatica roots exhibited prominent oral antipyretic activity.
• Antimicrobial: C. viscosa and G. asiatica were tested for antimicrobial activity. The ethanolic extracts of the roots of G asiatica exhibited a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity, esp against E coli, P vulgaris and P aeruginosa. Study showed the aqueous extract to be active against P. pseduoalcaligenes, while the methanol extract could inhibit B subtilis.