Family - Menispermaceae - Pycnarrhena manillensis Vidal.
|Pycnarrhena manillensis Vidal.|
|Haluot (C. Bis.)|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Phaeanthine-2’a-N-oxide and Pycmanilline, New Bisbenzylisoquinoline Alkaloids from Pycnarrhena manillensis / Jacinto C. Regalado, Jr., Cong-yuan Gao, Emil Fu, Fu-tyan Lin, Mei-chao Lin, Lan K. Wong, and Paul L. Schiff, Jr. / Heterocycles, Vol 26, No 10, 1987 / DOI: 10.3987/R-1987-10-2573
Ambal is a half-erect or climbing shrub growing to a height of one meter or more. Leaves are rather leathery, shining, elliptic-ovate to oblong-elliptic, 13 to 30 centimeters long, with a pointed tip. Flowers are crowded, small and yellowish. Fruit is ellipsoid-globose, 10 to 15 millimeters long.
– Endemic in thickets and forests at low and medium altitudes in Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Quezon, Laguna, Batangas, and Sorsogon Provinces in Luzon; and in Alabat; Samar, Leyte; Negros; and Mindanao.
Constituents and properties
– Yields six alkaloids: Pycnarrhine, ambaline and ambalininine are non-phenolic; pycnaminde, pycnarrhinine, and pycnarrhenamine are phenolic.
– Root is tonic, cicatrizant, vulnerary, febrifuge and emmenagogue.
Parts used and preparation
Roots and stems.
– Warm infusion applied on skin ulcers.
– Powdered roots used to treat cholera and other intestinal diseases.
– Powdered roots taken internally as a tonic.
– Infusion used by pregnant women in parturition.
– For wound healing: used as cicatrizant and vulnerary.
– Used for fever and to stimulate menstruation.
– Used for snakebites and wounds; also, as tonic.
– Bisbenzylisoquinoline Alkaloids: An ethanolic extract of pycrarrhena manillensis yieldedbisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids, phaeanthine-2’Î±-N-axide and pycmanilline.