Andadasi

Family - Leguminosae / Fabaceae - Cassia sophera Linn. - KASONDI SENNA - Huai ye jue ming

Scientific names

Cassia sophera Linn.
Cassia occidentalis (L.) var. sophera
Cassia purpurea Lindl.
Senna esculenta Roxb.
Senna sophera (L.) Roxb.
Senna occidentalis (L.) var. sophera
Senna purpurea (Lindl.) Roxb.

Common names

Andadasi (Ilk.)
Algarrobilla (Engl.)
Brush senna (Engl.)
Kasondi senna (Engl.)
Pepper leaved senna (Engl.)
Kasondi senna (Engl.)
Senna (Engl.)
Huai ye jue ming (Chin.)

Other vernacular names

CHINESE: Jiang jiang jue ming.
HINDI: Kasaunda.
MALAYALAM: Pounantakara.
VIETNAMESE : Muồng ho�, Muồng ng�t.


Botany

Andadasi is closely allied to Cassia occidentalis (Balatong-aso), from which it differs by its more shrubby habit, its more numerous, smaller, narrower leaflets, and its short, broader and more turgid pods, which are not usually torulose when mature.

andadasi

Distribution

– Occasional weed in settled areas at low and medium altitudes from northern to central Luzon.
– Pantropic species of American origin.
– Also occurs in India and most tropical countries.

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings

(1) Free radical scavenging activity and phenolic content of Cassia sophera L. / Atiqur Rahman, M Mizanur Rahman, Mominul Islam Sheik et al / African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 7 (10), pp. 1591-1593, 16 May, 2008

(2) Evaluation of antiasthmatic activity of Cassia sophera linn / D H Nagore, V K Ghosh, M J Patil / Pharmacognosy Magazine, 2009, Vol 5, No 19, Pp 109-118

(3) Sorting Senna names / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE

(4) HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFECT OF CASSIA SOPHERA LEAVES EXTRACT AGAINST PARACETAMOL INDUCE HEPATIC INJURY IN RATS / Wankhade PW, Nagore DH, Kotagale NE et al / International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences, Vol 2, No 3, July-Set 2011

(5) Effects of organic extracts of six Bangladeshi plants on in vitro thrombolysis and cytotoxicity. / Rahman MA, Sultana R, Bin Emran T, Islam MS, Rahman MA, Chakma JS, Rashid HU, Hasan CM. / BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013 Jan 30;13:25. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-13-25.

(6) Evaluation of Hepatoprotective Effect of Leaves of Cassia sophera Linn. / Arijit Mondal, Sanjay Kumar Karan, Tanushree Singha, D. Rajalingam, and Tapan Kumar Maity / Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Volume 2012 (2012) / doi:10.1155/2012/436139

(7) A 1,4-anthraquinone-dihydroanthracenone dimer from Senna sophera / Alemayehu G./ Abegaz B. – Kraus W. / Journal Phytochemistry, June 1998

Constituents
– Owes its medicinal activity to the presence of chrysophanic acid, sometimes called rhein.
– Also reported to contain emodin.
– Study of seeds isolated a new hydroanthracene derivative named presengulone [9-(6′-methoxy-3′-methyl-3′,8′,9′-trihydroxy-1′-oxo-1′,2′,3′,4′-tetrahydro-a nthracene-7′-yl)-5,10-dihydroxy-2- methoxy-7-methyl-1,4-anthraquinone], together with physcion, physcion bianthrone, xanthorin, floribundone-1, isosengulone, sengulone, and anhydrophlegmacin-9,10-quinones A2 and B2.
– Study reported two new anthraquinones from the root bark – 1,8-dihydroxy-3,6,-dimethoxy-2-methyl-7-vinylanthraquinone and 1,3-dihydroxy-5,7,8-trimethoxy-2-methylanthraquinone.

Properties
-Seeds considered febrifuge.
– Diuretic, anthelmintic.
– Pharmacologically studies suggest analgesic, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, antidiabetic, herbicidal and fungicidal properties.

Parts used
Roots, bark, seeds, and leaves.

Uses
Folkloric
– Juice of leaves made into plaster with sandal wood or mixed with lime juice, used for ringworm.
– Also used for dhobi itch.
– Externally, used for washing syphilitic sores.
– Juice dropped into ears invaded by insects.
– Internally, used as expectorant for coughs.
– Root taken internally with black pepper for snake bites.
– Infusion or decoction of leaves, with black pepper, used for asthma and hiccups
– Root used for snake bites.
– Infusion of fresh leaves injected for gonorrhea in its subacute stage.
– Internally, used as anthelmintic.
– Infusion of leaves used as antirheumatic and for inflammatory fevers.
– Infusion of leaves, mixed with sugar, used for jaundice.
– Decoction of the whole plant is used for diminishing urine and as expectorant in acute bronchitis.
– Bruised leaves and bark of root, powdered and mixed with honey, applied externally to ringworm and ulcers.
– Infusion of bark or powdered seeds, with honey, given for diabetes.
– Seeds used for fever.
– Ointment from bruised seeds, leaves and sulphur, ground into a paste, mixed with honey, used as an application for ringworm, pityriasis and psoriasis.
– In India, used for common colds, asthma, allergic rhinitis, and other respiratory affections. Also used for osteoarthritis.
– In Bangladesh, root juice used for fevers and as diuretic; paste from leaves used for ringworm and sores.

Study Findings
– Radical Scavenging Activity / Phenolic Content: Study showed the phenolic content to be highest in the ethanol fraction. The free radical scavenging activity was higher than the control synthetic antioxidant. Results suggest the plant can serve as a source of natural antioxidants and preservative agents with potential applications in the food industries.
– Anti-Asthmatic: Study showed the C sophera extract significantly protected the bronchoconstriction in guinea pigs against histamine-induced bronchospasm.
– Seed Oil Constituents: Study of seed oil yielded 43 compounds. The major constituents were palmitic acid (22.82 %), linoleic acid (8.32 %), elaidic acid (19.16 %), stearic acid (9.86 %) among others.
– Hepatoprotective: Study of ethanol extract of C. sophera in paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity in rats showed remarkable hepatoprotective activity.
– In Vitro Thrombolysis / Cytotoxicity Study: An in vitro thrombolytic model evaluated the clot lysis effect of six Bangladesh herbal extracts including Senna sophera L. Senna sophera showed 31.61 -2.97% clot lysis. In brine shrimp cytotoxic assay, it showed 233.37 -7.74 -g/ml, with reference to vincristine sulfate (LC50 0.76 -0.04).
– Hepatoprotective / Carbon Tetrachloride: Study evaluated the hepatoprotective activity of ethanolic extracts of C. sophera leaves against CCl4-induced hepatic damage in adult wistar rats. Results showed potent hepatoprotective action which may be due to the presence of flavonoids in the extracts.
Availability
Wild-crafted.