Bagasua

Family - Convolvulaceae - Ipomoea pes-caprae (Linn.) Roth - BEACH MORNING GLORY - Ma ti cao

Scientific names

Convolvulus pes-caprae Linn.
Convolvulus bilobatus Roxb.
Ipomoea biloba Forsk.
Ipomoea carnosa F.-Vill.
Ipomoea pes-caprae (Linn.) Roth

Other vernacular names

CAMBODIA: Trakuon kantek, Pak bung tale.
CHINA: Ma an teng.
INDIA: Adambu, Attukkal, Musattalai, Dopatilata, Bangadivali, Atampuvalli, Atamp, Atampu, Atappan koti.
INDONESIA: Katang-katang, Daun katang, Alere, Leleri, Dalere, Tapak kuda, Andal, Arana, Dolodoi, Mari-mari, Loloro, Bulalingo, Korok, Tang katang, Batata pantai.
MALAYSIA: Tapak kuda, Kangkong laut.
MYANMAR: Pinlakazum.
VIETNAM: Rau mu[oos]ng bi[eer]n.

Common names

Arodaidai (Tag., Bik.)
Bagasua (Tag., Bis.)
Balim-balim (Tag.)
Daloidoi (Bik.)
Daripai (Tag., Bik., Bis.)
Kabai-kabai (Tag.)
Kamkamote (Ilk.)
Kamkamotihan (Tag.)
Kamigang (Tag., Bik.)
Katang-katang (Tag., Bik.)
Lagairai (Tag., Bik.)
Lagilai (Bag.)
Lambaiong (Sur., Ilk.)
Palang-palang (P. Bis.)
Polang-polang (P. Bis.)
Tagarai (Tag.)
Vadino (Iv..)
Goat’s foot creeper (Engl.)
Beach morning glory (Engl.)

Botany
Bagasua is a wide-spreading, creeping or twining, smooth vine. Leaves are alternate, orbicular to elliptic, thick, shining, 6 to 14 centimeters long, with a notched or lobed tip and broad base. Flowers are campanulate, light purple, borne on pedicels in the axils of leaves, usually as long as the stalks. Stalk is erect and bears one to six flowers, which often opens one at a time. Sepals are green, elliptic, and 8 millimeters long. Corolla is purple, bell-shaped, and 5 centimeters long, with the limb 5 to 6 centimeters in diameter and slightly lobed. Capsules are smooth, ovoid, about 1 centimeter long. Seeds are covered with hairs.

bagasua

Distribution
– Found on all sandy seashores throughout the Philippines and also along the margins of some lakes.
– Most useful as a sand blinder.
– A pantropic strand plant.

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings

(1) Antinociceptive properties of the methanolic extract obtained from Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br. / Marcia Maria de Souza et al / Journal of ethnopharmacology / 2000, vol. 69, no1, pp. 85-90 / doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(99)00142-7

(2) Antiinflammatory activity of Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br / U Pongprayoon et al / Phytotherapy Research
Volume 5 Issue 2, Pages 63 – 66 / DOI 10.1002/ptr.265005020

(3) Ipomoea pes-caprae / Catalogue of China, 2010

(4) Antioxidant and Radical Scavenging effect of Ipomoea pes-caprae Linn. R.BR / Umamaheshwari .G, T.Ramanathan, and R. Shanmugapriya / International Journal of PharmTech Research, Vol.4, No.2, pp 848-851, April-June 2012

(5) Biomedical Application of Beach Morning Glory Ipomoea pes-caprae / S. Bragadeeswaran, K. Prabhu, S. Sophia Rani, S. Priyadharsini and N. Vembu / International Journal of Tropical Medicine, 2010 | Vol 5, No 4, Pp: 81-85 / DOI: 10.3923/ijtmed.2010.81.85

(6) Anti-Inflammatory Potential of Ethanolic Extracts from Aerial Partsof Ipomoea Pes-Caprae (L.) R.Br Using Cotton Pellet InducedGranuloma Model / N. Deepak Venkataraman, W. Clement Atlee, T. Purushoth Prabhu and R.Kannan / Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science Vol. 3 (07), pp. 061-063, July, 2013 / DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2013.3711ISSN 2231-3354

(7) Ipomoea pes-carpae / Vernacular names / GLOBinMED

Constituents
– Plant contains a resin and an alkaloid.
– Leaves do not contain alkaloid, saponins, or glucoside.
– Yields mucilage, volatile oil, complex resin, fat, phytosterol, bitter substances, and red coloring matter.
– Phytochemical study suggest the presence of steroids, terpenoids, alkaloids and flavonoids.

Properties
– Tubers considered diuretic.
– Seeds are stomachic.

Parts utilized
Leaves

Uses
Folkloric
– Leaves used as an escharotic to extirpate the fungoid growth of ulcers.
– Leaves are cooked and used as a antirheumatic topical.
– Boiled tubers, as diuretic, used for disease of the bladder.
– Seeds used for stomach pains and cramps.
– In India, leaves are boiled and applied externally as an anodyne for colic; as decoction for rheumatism.
– Paste of leaves applied to carbuncles.
– In Brazil, used for inflammation and gastrointestinal disorders as an analgesic.
– In Australia, traditionally used for headache treatments.

Study Findings
– Antinociceptive / Phytochemicals: Study of the methanolic extract of Ipomoea pes-caprae exhibited considerable antinociceptive activity against classical models of pain in mice and supports the traditional use of the plant for painful conditions. Phytochemicals yielded the presence of steroids, terpenoids, alkaloids and flavonoids.
– Antioxidant: Ipomoea pes-caprae was one of the selected mangrove plants in India studied for polyphenol antioxidants.
– Anti-platelet aggregation: In a study looking for potent inhibition of ADP-induced human platelet 5-HT release in vitro.
– Anti-Inflammatory: Topical application of an extract from the leaves of Ipomoea pes-caprae inhibited carrageenan-induced paw edema. In vitro prostaglandin formation was inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner. Study showed significant anti-inflammatory activity probably through reduction of prostaglandin and leukotrine formation.
– Immunostimulatory: In vivo study evaluated the methanol extracts of three Brazilian medicinal plants on human mononuclear cells. All three induced T-lymphocyte proliferation. I. pes-caprae showed immunostimulatory activity three times higher than C. brasiliense.
– Antioxidant / Radical Scavenging Effect: Study evaluating the in vitro antioxidant activity of Ipomoea pes-caprae showed a free radical scavenging effects that increased with concentration. Maximum antioxidant activity was noted at 1000 mg mL.
– Antinociceptive / Antimicrobial / Flower Parts: Study describes the antimicrobial, hemolytic, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory effects of the methanolic extract of flower parts. The extract exhibited significant antinociceptive activity against two classical models of pain in mice. The extract also showed significant antimicrobial activity against human bacterial and fungal pathogens.
– Anti-Inflammatory / Aerial Parts: Study of ethanolic extract of aerial parts exhibited significant anti-inflammatory activity in a dose-dependent manner. Stems and leaves yielded alkaloids, carbohydrates, glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, sterols and terpenoids.

Availability
Cultivated.