Family - Meliaceae - Chisocheton cumingianus (C. DC) Harms.
|Chisocheton cumingianus (C. DC) Harms.|
|Dasycoleum cumingianum C. DC|
|Balibisan (Mand.)||Diualat (Tag.)||Kogod (Bik.)|
|Balita (Buk.)||Dododo (Bik.)||Makalasa (Neg.)|
|Balokanag (Bik.)||Dudos (Bik.)||Malakalad (C. Bis.)|
|Balukanag (Tag.)||Kalimotain (Tag.)||Maramabolo (Ibn.)|
|Batuakan (Ig.)||Kaniknik (S. L. Bis.)||Pakalsa (Neg.)|
|Dagan (Mand.)||Kapboï¿½gau (Ap.)||Salakin (Tag.)|
|Bayongboi (Gad.)||Kato (Tag.)|
Balukanag is a good-sized forest tree, reaching a height of 20 meters. Leaves are alternatingly crowded along the relatively thick twigs, with elliptic leaflets 20 to 25 centimeters in length. Flowers are almost 2 centimeters long, tubular, borne on elongated panicles. Fruit is solitary or loosely clustered, brown and subscurfy, pear-shaped, about 8 centimeters in diameter, growing upon long stout stalks. Nut averages 3 centimeters in length and 2.5 centimeters in diameter.
– Endemic, commonly in primary forests at low and medium altitudes from Cagayan to Albay Provinces in Luzon; in Catanduanes, Samar, Leyte, Camiquin de Misamis; and Mindanao.
– Nut contains a considerable percentage of nondrying oil.
– The nut’s hard shell constitutes about 60 per cent of the total weight of the seed. The balukanag oil is 35.56 per cent of the dried kernel.
– Dried kernel has the following composition: Fat (by extraction) 44.12%, protein 9%, ash 3.19%.
– Balukanag oil is nondrying with a rancid smell and slightly bitter.
– Oil is purgative, but not as powerful as castor oil.
– Oil is purgative; also, used externally for rheumatism and inflammations due to edema.
– Internally, oil is used for gastralgia and cholera; for the former, a teasponful in coffee or soup; the latter, a tablespoonful.
– Oil from the kernel of Chisocheton pentrandrus (Blanco) Merr. is used as a cosmetic for hair.
– The oil is used for soap making and illumination.
– Oil from kernel used in hair cosmetic products.
– Chemical Constituents: Study evaluated the chemical constituents of the twigs of Chisocheton cumingianus subsp.balansae (C.Candolle) Mabberley. Ten compounds were isolated: 4 triterpenes– odoratone, grandifoliolenone, 24-epi-piscidinol A, and chisiamol F; 3 sesquiterpenes–1β,6α-dihydroxy-4-eudesmene, 1β,8α-dihydroxy-4-eudesmene, and alismoxide; and 3 anthraquinones, including chrysophanol, emodin, and emodin monomethyl ether.