Family • Palmae / Arecaceae - Adonidia merrilliii Becc. - MANILA PALM - Ma ni la ye zi
|Adonidia merrillii Becc.|
|Normanbya merrillii Becc.|
|Veitchia merrillii (Becc.) H. E. Moore|
|Bunga de Jolo (Tag.)||Adonidia palm (Engl.)|
|Bunga de China (Tag.)||Manila palm (Engl.)|
|Oring-Oring (Tag.)||Christmas palm (Engl.)|
|Adonidia palm (Engl.)||Veitchia palm (Engl.)|
|Lugos (Sul.)||Ma ni la ye zi (Chin.)|
Bunga de Jolo is an elegant native Philippine palm growing to 6 to 10 meters high, with a solitary and slender trunk, 15 to 20 centimeters in diameter, marked with rings and leaf scars. Crown is composed of prominently arching leaves. Leaf blade is 2 meters long, bright green and divided into about 100 narrow and partly overlapping segments (leaflets), 50 on each side of the midrib. Flower occur in inconspicuous cluster,s borne below the leaf sheath, much branched and spreading, bearing both male and female flowers which are insect pollinated. Ripe fruit is ovoid, 2 to 3 centimeters long, beaked, pale green becoming bright red when mature. Fruit has a thin epicarp, a dry, yellowish, thin-fleshy mesocarp, and thin, fragile endocarp. Seed is ovoid, truncate basally, pointed apically, with a ruminate endosperm and embryo basally.
Similar to the betel nut (Bunga, Areca catechu) but is smaller with a more slender trunk.
– Naturally growing in the Philippines.
– Popularly cultivated in private gardens and public parks.
– A popular landscaping plant.
– Cultivated in tropical places like Hawaii and the southern half of Florida.
· Seeds chewed as a stimulant.
· Fleshy seed is used as a masticatory substitute, albeit inferior, for betel nut (Areca catechu, Bunga) which is preferred for nga-nga chewing.
• No medicinal studies found.
• Cyanogenesis: A survey of leaf material of 545 palms of 108 genera and 155 species showed cyanogenesis to be rare in the family.