Family • Convulvulaceae - Quamoclit pennata Desr. - CYPRESS VINE - Niao luo
|Convolvulus pennatus Desr.|
|Ipomoea quamoclit Linn.|
|Quamoclit vulgaris Perr.|
|Quamoclit pennata (Desr.) Bojer|
|Agau (Tag.)||Tartaraok (Ilk.)|
|Cabello de angel (Span.)||Tentenedor (Ilk.)|
|Lumpitan (Mag.)||Star of Bethlehem (Engl.)|
|Malabukbok (Tag.)||Cardinal climber (Engl.)|
|Malmarama (C. Bis.)||Cupid’s flower (Engl.)|
|Piros-piros (C. Bis.)||Cypress vine (Engl.)|
|Sailatan (Sul.)||Indian pink (Engl.)|
|Silauak-an-kambing (Sul.)||Star glory (Engl.)|
Other vercular names
|BENGALI: naKunja lota.|
|CHINESE: Niao luo.|
|TAMIL: Mayilmannikkam, Kembumalligai.|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Components of Ether-Insoluble Resin Glycoside (Convolvulin) from Seeds of Quamoclit pennata / Ono Masateru et al / Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin; ISSN:0009-2363; VOL.58; NO.5; PAGE.666-672; (2010)
(2) Cypress Vine / Common names / Flowers of India
(3) Antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities screening of some Brazilian medicinal plants used in Governador Valadares district / Beatriz Gonçalves Brasileiro1, Virgínia Ramos Pizziolo, Délio Soares Raslan, Claudia Mashrouah Jamal, Dâmaris Silveira / Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 42, n. 2, abr./jun., 2006
(4) Traditional remedies of Kani tribes of Kottor reserve forestm Agasthyavanam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala / Arun Vijayan, Liju V B, Reena John JV, Parthipan B & Renuka C / Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, Vol 6(4), Oct 2007, Pp 589-594.
Cabello de angel is a slender, twining, smooth vine growing 4 to 6 meters or more. Leaves are ovate, 4 to 7 centimeters long, dark green, and pinnately divided into numerous, linear, distant segments. Cymes are axillary, containing few, erect flowers; the peduncles are 4 to 9 millimeters long. Corolla is deep red and salver shaped; the tube about 2 centimeters long and slightly enlarged upward; the limb spreading, 1.5 to 2 centimeters in diameter, and distinctly 5-lobed. Fruit is a capsule, ovoid, 7 to 8 millimeters long, with smooth, black seeds.
– Found in Ilocos Norte, Bontoc, Nueva Viscaya, La Union, Pampanga, Bulacan, Rizal, Bataan, Laguna, Camarines, Albay, and Sorsogon Provinces in Luzon; and in Panay, Negros, Cebu and Mindanao, in thickets at low and medium altitudes.
– Cultivated in urban gardens.
– Now thoroughly naturalized.
– Native of tropical America.
– Now pantropic.
– Leaves are reported to contain small amounts of alkaloids.
– Traces of hydrocyanic acid are also present in roots, stems and flowers.
– Resin glycoside (convolvulin) fraction of the seeds provided five new glycosidic acids, quamoclinic acids B, C, D, E, and F, along with six organic acids, isobutyric, 2S-methylbutyric, tiglic, 2R,3R-nilic, 7S-hydroxydecanoic, and 7S-hydroxydodecanoic acids.
– Roots are considered an effective sternutatory.
– Hindus consider the plant to have cooling properties.
– In the Philippines, leaves are used as poultices for bleeding hemorrhoids.
– Crushed leaves used for carbuncles.
– Seeds reportedly used as laxative by the Sino-Annamites.
– In Queensland, used as purgative, as snuff, and for snake bites.
– In India, powdered roots given as sternutatory; pounded leaves applied to bleeding piles.
– In Spain, powdered roots used as sternutatory; pounded leaves used for hemorrhoids, ulcers and breast pain.
– In Brazil, aerial parts used as depurative or antibiotic.
– Kani tribe in Kerala, apply leaf paste over the throat for splinters.
– In the Antilles, roots are considered an effective sternutatory and the latex used for coryza.
– In Siddha medicine, leaves used for piles and diabetes; the leaf and stem decoction used for fever.
– In Ayurveda, leaves are used for stabilizing the gravid uterus.
• New Glycosidic Acids: Study isolated two new glycosidic acids, quamoclinic acids G and H from the glycosidic acid fraction.
• Glycosidic Acids: Alkaline hydrolysis of the ether-insoluble resin glycoside (convolvulin) fraction of the seeds yielded five new glycosidic acids, quamoclinic acids B, C, D, E, and F along with six organic acids.Quamoclinic acids E and F are the first examples of heptaglycosides of glycosidic acid.
Seeds in the cybermarket.