Actinorhytis calapparia (Blume) Wendl. and Drude. - CALAPPA PALM
|Actinorhytis calapparia Blume|
|Areca calapparia Blume|
|Seaforthia calapparia Mart.|
|Ptychosperma calapparia Miq.|
|Calappa palm (Engl.)|
Other vernacular names
|MALAYSIA: Pinang penawar, Pinang kelapa.|
Calappa is a large palm with erect stems, much like the habit of the tall Areca catechu, about 10 meters high. Leaves are pinnate, the blade measuring 70 to 90 centimeters long; the pinnae are linear, 50 to 60 centimeters long, 3 to 4 centimeters wide. Spadix is ascending with 2 spathes. Male flowers are small with imbricate sepals, much shorter than the valvate corolla. Sepals and petals of the female flowers are imbricate. Fruiting spadix is spreading. Fruits are orange-yellow, pendulous ovoid, the size of a duck’s egg and containing one seed.
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) STUDIES ON THE ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF ACTINORHYTIS CALAPPARIA / H.N. Krishna Kumar*, Preethi, S.D. and Jyoti Bala Chauhan / International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology, Vol 3, No 2, April-June 2012
– Isolated trees in settled areas, at altitudes of about 500 meters, in Davao (MIndanao).
– Small garden cultivation.
– Widely distributed in the Malay Archipelago.
– Phytochemical screening yielded tannins, steroids, carbohydrates and amino acids.
– Ripe nut is medicinal, chewed by the Malays as betel substitute.
– In Sumatra, used for scurf.
– Widely cultivated in Southeast Asia and Malesia where villagers attribute it magical or medicinal powers.
– Betel substitute.
• Antioxidant: Study of aqueous and methanolic fruit extracts showed dose-dependent antioxidant activity using DPPH and ferric reducing model assays. The total phenolic content were 56 and 64.3 mg/g equivalent of gallic acid respectively.