Family • Asteraceae / Compositae - Cosmos sulphureus Cav. - COSMOS
Other scientific names
|Cosmos sulfureus Cav.|
|Cosmos (Tag., Engl.)|
Annual herb growing to 60 cm tall. Leaves are opposite, pinnately cut; with narrow lanceolate lobes. Flower stalk is up to 20 cm long. Ray flowers are 8, spreading, pale to golden yellow, toothed at the marginsw; disk flowers with exerted anthers. Many introduced hybrids with flowers ranging from pink, magenta to white.
Cultivated throughout the Philippines.
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Plants used traditionally to treat malaria in Brazil: the archives of Flora Medicinal / Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2007, 3:18doi:10.1186/1746-4269-3-18
(2) Utilization of Cosmos sulphureus Cav. flower dye on wool using mordant combinations / Natural Product Radiance Vol.5, January – February 2006, 19-24
Properties and constituents
• Phytochemical studies yielded 2 ‘-hydroxy-4,4 ‘-dimethoxychalcone from the flowers and quercetine and 3stigmasterol-3-0-beta-D-glucopyranoside from the leaves. source
• Has yielded butein, known for its antioxidant activity.
No recorded folkloric use in the Philippines.
In Brazil, traditionally used for malaria. source
• Dye: Flower yields a yellow dye with sunlight fastness when used on wool.
• Anti-Malarial: An ethnobotanical study showed Cosmos sulphureus to have activity against Plasmodium.
• Butein / Antioxidant: Butein has been isolated from Cosmos sulfureus. Butein has been reported to be a powerful antioxidant against lipid and LDL peroxidation and has also exhibited anti-inflammatory activities, aromatase inhibition, cyclooxygenase inhibition and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition, etc. source