Cypres

Family • Cupressaceae - Cupressus sempervirens - CYPRESS

Common names

Cipres (Bis.)
Cypres (Tag., C. Bis.)
Cypress (Engl.)

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Additional Sources and Suggested Readings

(1) Duke’s Handbook of Medicinal Plants of the Bible / James A. Duke, Peggy-Ann K. Duke, Judith L. duCellie

(2) Antiviral activity in vitro of Cupressus sempervirens on two human retroviruses HIV and HTLV / PTR. Phytotherapy research ISSN 0951-418X / 1998, vol. 12, no5, pp. 367-368

(3) Flavonoids of Cupressus sempervirens and Cupressus cashmeriana / M. Khabir et al / J. Nat. Prod., 1987, 50 (3), pp 511–512 / DOI: 10.1021/np50051a032

(4) Cypress Essential Oil Information

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Botany
A large perennial plant that can grow to four meters high, on a single trunk and branching that increases in circumference with age. Leaves are small and scale-like.

Properties and constituents
• Cones and young branches considered anthelmintic, antipyretic, antiseptic, astringent, sudorific, vasocontrictor, vulnerary.
• Study has yielded three biflavonoids—amenotoflavone, cupressuflavone, and podocarpusflavone-A.
• Essential oil extracted from leaves (needles) and twigs.

Distribution
Cultivated for ornamental purposes.

Parts used
Leaves and berries.

Uses
Folkloric
Limited folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines.
Believed to be beneficial for pulmonary diseases.
Used for whooping cough, hemoptysis, colds, flu and sore throats.
Tea made from leaves, 20 gms to a pint of boiling water.
Cones and nuts are astringent and helpful in stopping bleeding.
Tea in small doses, two tbsp every two hours, used for diarrhea.
For pyorrhea and bleeding gums, rinse the mouth with the tea.
Used for bleeding piles, menorrhagia.
Essential oil from leaves and cones used for aromatherapy. Also used for muscular cramping,arthritic and rheumatic complains.
In Palestine, leaf oil used for whooping cough.
In Lebanon, sued for cough, dyspepsia, hiccup, inflammation and ulcers.
In Haiti, used for coughs, intestinal worms; the fruit decoction for hemorrhoids.
Infusion of wood used for footbaths to treat excessive sweating of the feet.

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Others
Insect repellent.
Essential oil in perfumery and soap making.

Study Findings
• Antiviral activity: A proanthocyanidin polymer fraction from CS showed true antiviral activity in vitro against HIV and HTLV IIB.
• Phytochemicals / Antimicrobial: Study of the essential oil of C. sempervcirens leaves and fruits showed stronger antimicrobial activity against tested microorganisms.

Concerns
May cause kidney irritation.
Use not advised if pregnant or breastfeeding.

Availability
Wild-crafted.
Cultivated for ornamental purposes.
Cypress oil in the cybermarkets.saceae – Cupressus sempervirens – CYPRESS