Family • Rubiaceae - Dentella repens (Linn.) Forst. - CREEPING DENTELLA - Xiao ya cao

Scientific names

Oldenlandia repens (Linn.)
Dentella repens (Linn.) Forst.

Common names

Dilang-butiki (Tag.)
Creeping lickstoop (Engl.)
Creeping dentella (Engl.)
Xiao ya cao (Chin.)


Additional Sources and Suggested Readings

(1) Medicinal weeds of crop fields and role of women in rural health and hygiene in Nalbari district, Assam / D K Bhattacharjya, P C Borah / Indian Journ of Traditional Knowledge, Vol 7(3), July 2008, pp 501-504

(2) Dentella repens / GLOBinMed


Dilang-butiki is a prostrate, nearly or quite smooth, somewhat succulent, slender, branched, herbaceous annual weed, rooting at the nodes. Leaves are narrowly oblong-obovate to narrowly elliptic, and 1 centimeter long or less. Flowers are stalkless, white, about 2 millimeters long, and borne singly in the axils of the leaves. Fruit is an indehiscent capsule, ovoid, about 4 millimeters long, crowned by the sepal, usually densely hairy and many seeded. Seeds are small, angular, reticulate and dark brown.

– A weed in open, waste places in and about towns at low and medium altitudes throughout the Philippines.
– Introduced from Mexico.
– Also occurs in India to southern China and through Malaya to Australia and Polynesia.

Parts used

– Malays used the plant for poulticing sores.
– In the Nalbari district, Assam, crushed warm leaf is given for loose motion in infants. Plant juice is taken once daily for blood pressure.

Study Findings
• Smooth Muscle Activities: Of 27 plants studied, 48% demonstrated smooth muscle relaxant activity and 17% contraction. The bark of Hedyotis congesta demonstrated the most potent contraction.