Dill

Family • Umbelliferae / Apiaceae - Anethum graveolens - GARDEN DILL, DILLY

Scientific names

Anethum graveolens
Peucedanum graveolens
Anethum sowa

Common names

Dill
Garden dill

Botany
An annual plant cultivated for culinary spice use. It grows to a meter in height. The leaves are filiform leaflets. The flat umbels yield yellow flowers producing oval dill seeds.

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERA

 

Parts used
Seeds

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings

(1) Effects of anethum graveolens and garlic on lipid profile in hyperlipidemic patients / Javad Kojuri et al / Lipids in Health and Disease 2007 / 6:5 / doi:10.1186/1476-511X-6-5

(2) The effects of Anethum graveolens L. on female reproductive system / Monsefi M et al / PTR. Phytotherapy research, 2006, vol. 20, no10, pp. 865-868

(3) Hypolipidemic Activity of Anethum graveolens in Rat / Valiollah Hajhashemi and NZaser Abbasi / Phytotherapy Research / Volume 22 Issue 3, Pages 372 – 375 / DOI 10.1002/ptr.2329

(4) Evaluation of the effect of Anethum graveolens L. crude extracts on serum lipids and lipoproteins profiles in hypercholesterolaemic rats 

(5) Effects of Anethum graveolens L. seed extracts on experimental gastric irritation models in mice / Hossein Hosseinzadeh et al / BMC Pharmacology 2002, 2:21doi:10.1186/1471-2210-2-21

(6) The antimycobacterial constituents of dill (Anethum graveolens) / PTR. Phytotherapy research / 2005, vol. 19, no11, pp. 938-941

(7) Antibacterial and phytochemical screening of Anethum graveolens, Foeniculum vulgare and Trachyspermum ammi / Gurinder J Kaur et al / BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009, 9:30doi:10.1186/1472-6882-9-30

Properties and constituents
– Has the medicinal value of caraway and aniseed.
– Antihalitosis, antispasmodic, diuretic, carminative, galactagogue, and stomachic.
– Constituents: essential oils, fatty oil, proteins, carbohydrates, fiber, and mineral elements (calcium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, vit a and niacin.
– Fruits contain essential oils (carvone, limonene, phellandrene including pinene, diterpene, cineole, myrcene, myristin, apiol among others.

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Uses
Culinary
A preferred kitchen spice.

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Folkloric
Infusion of the seed used for insomina.
Infusion also used for stomach acidity, flatulence, dyspepsia, colic.
The seed boiled in olive oil and applied warm over furuncles hastens suppuration and provides pain relief.
Nursing mothers use the dill to increase milk flow.
Chewing of the seeds helpful in halitosis.
Decoction of the herb used for colic in babies. Seed decoctions are more potent and should be adjusted accordingly.
Prepared> 5 to 10 grams in 1 liter of water, 4 to 5 cups daily.

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Others
• Some compounds, d-carvone for example, is added to insecticides to increase effectivity.
Seed contains up to 4% essential oils used in perfuming soaps, medicines and food flavoring.

Study Findings
• Hypolipidemic: Often touted as antihyperlipidemic, a study showed Anethum graveolens had no significant effect on lipid profile. In contrast to the above study, an Iranian study concluded that Anethum graveolens has significant lipid lowering effects and is a promising cardioprotective agent.
• Antibacterial / Phytochemical: Phytochemical screening showed alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins and cardiac glycosides. Hot water and acetone seed extracts showed good antibacterial activity against all bacteria except K pneumoniae and one strain of P aeruginosa.
• Antispasmodic: Study showed that dill fruit extract is a potent relaxant of contractions induced by various spasmogens. The spasmolytic effect may be through calcium channels. Study supports its traditional use for gastrointestinal disorders.
• Antifertility / Menstrual Regulation: The study suggests dill can be used as a regulatory agent of the menstrual cycle or as an antifertility agent.
• Gastric Mucosal Protective / Antisecretory: Study suggests that A. graveolens seed extracts have significant mucosal protective and antisecretory effects of the gastric mucosa in mice.
• Genotoxicity: Essential oils from dill herb and seeds induced dose-dependent CA (chromosomal aberration and sister chromatid exchange tests (SCE). All essential oils studied were cytotoxic to human lymphocytes. In the SMART test, the essential oil from dill seeds was almost inactive.
• Repellant: Seed or fruit extract of A. graveolens exhibited varying degrees of biologic effect on the adults of S oryzae and T confusum.
• Antimycobacterial: Study isolated a new furanocoumarin and three known compounds, oxypeucedanin, oxypeucedanin hydrate and falcarindiol, from the whole herb of A. graveolens. The three known compounds exhibited antibacterial activity against a panel of mycobacteria.
• Antibacterial / Antiulcer / Anti-H pylori: Study showed A graveolens with moderately potent anti-H pylori activity and suggests a potential as a curative anti-ulcer agent.

Availability
Cultivated