Family • Amaranthaceae - Deeringia amaranthoides (Lamk.) Merr. - SHRUBBY DEERINGIA - Jiang guo xian
|Deeringia amaranthoides (Lamk.) Merr.|
|Achyranthes amaranthoides Lam.|
|Celosia baccata Retz.|
|Deeringia baccata Moq.|
|Deeringia celosioides R. Br.|
|Deeringia indica Retz.|
|Shrubby deeringia (Engl.)|
|Jiang guo xian (Chin.)|
Other vernacular names
|CHINESE: Ye xian cai teng, Di ling xian.|
|HINDI: Kalalori, Latman, Wali.|
|INDONESIA: Bayam besar, Pancaluhur, Bayem luur.|
|HINDI: Kalalobesar, Bajam pohon.|
|THAILAND: Khurea yaang, Phaahom pia a.|
|VIETNAM: D[eef]n leo.|
Ditiran is a slightly hairy or nearly smooth vine, reaching a length of 5 to 6 meters, with drooping branches. Leaves are entire, ovate to oblong-ovate, 7 to 14 centimeters long, with pointed tips and subtruncate bases. Racemes are slender, elongated, drooping, 20 to 40 centimeters long, and borne in the upper axils. Flowers are numerous, shortly pedicelled, greenish-white, with reflexed segments, and about 1.5 millimeter long. Stamens are white and erect. Fruit is ovoid, fleshy, red, about 4 millimeters long.
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Medicinal Plants of Sewa River Catchment Area in the Northwest Himalaya and its Implication for Conservation / Mahroof Khan, Satish Kumar and Irshad Ahmed Hamal / Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13: 1113- 39, 2009.
– Common in thickets at low and medium altitudes in Ilocos Norte to Batangas Provinces in Luzon; and in Mindoro.
– Also occurs in India to China and southward to Australia.
– Plant thought to be poisonous to a certain degree; the root can cause violent sneezing.
– Fruits yielded a new triterpenoid saponin, 3-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1—-3)-beta-D-glucuronopyranosyl]-28-O-[beta-D-xylopyranosyl (1—-2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-3 beta-hydroxyolean-12-en-28-oate, with two known saponins, 3-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1—-3)-beta-D-glucuronopyranosyl]-3 beta- hydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid and 3-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1—-3)-beta-D-glucuronopyranosyl]-28-O-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-3 beta- hydroxyolean-12-en-oate.
Leaves and roots.
– In the Philippines decoction of leaves used for dysentery.
– In Java, mucous obstruction of the nose is treated by draining the nostrils with an infusion of the root with vinegar and alum.
– Some consider the root “poisonous” to a certain degree, or an irritant, as it can cause violent sneezing.
– Leaves are applied to sores.
– In the northwest Himalayas, roots used as sternutatory; least as antiseptic, applied on boils and sores.
• New Saponins: Study of fruits yielded a new triterpenoid saponin together with two known saponins. (See constituents above).