Family • Asteraceae - Helichrysum bracteatum (Vent.) Willd. - EVERLASTING DAISY
|Helichrysum bracteatum (Vent.) Willd.|
|Helichrysum bracteatum var. bracteatum|
|Everlasting daisy (Engl.)|
|Paper daisy (Engl.)|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Chemical Constituents of the Flowers of Helichrysum bracteatum / Liu Hai-yang; He Hong-ping; Yang Xian-wen; Chen Mu-wei; Hao Xiao-jiang / Natural Product Research & Development, Jun2007, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p 423
(2) Helichrysum bracteatum (Venten.) Willd. / The Plant List
(3) Studies on Anthocyanin in Purple Flower of Helichrysum bracteatum / Uang Shaoyong, Wu Dixin, Bi Wangfu, Cao Yuying / Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 1992.
(4) Polyphenolic components of flowers of Helichrysum bracteatum / Current Science, Vol 69, No 1, July 10, 1995
(5) Polyphenoic components of flowers of Helichrysum bracteatum / Chapter II
Everlasting is a stout annual herb growing to a height of 30 to 60 centimeters , with terete and sparingly branched stems. Leaves are alternate, oblong-lanceolate, with entire margins, and narrowed at the base. Blade is green on both sides. Flower head is terminal, up to 6 centimeters across, golden yellow, pink, orange to ivory white, enclosed by strawlike imbricated bracts of varying colors of red, yellow, brown and white.
– Common in the Nilgiris and Kodaikanal hills of south India.
– Thrives best in the high altitudes, i.e., Baguio and Tagaytay.
• Reported to yield lignins and aurones.
• Studies have yielded flavonoids with a predominance of apigenin and luteolin along with 7-glucoside.source
• Study yielded four flavones and five flavanols. (See Studies below)
• Ethanol extract of flowers yielded eleven compounds: subscandenin, prunin, eriodictyol 5-O-Î²-D-glucopyranoside, pyracanthoside, quercetin, luteolin, chrysocriol, isoorientin, caffeic acid, piperitol and 4-hydroxymethyl-l-methoxycarbonylazulene.
• Study of anthocyanins in the flower petals yielded a pure anto-cyanin chloride, cyanin glucosdie.
• Study of flowers (golden yellow, pink, ivory white) yielded polyphenolic compounds: luteolin (GY, P, IW), bractein (GY, P), cernuoside (GY, P), caffeic acid (GY, P, IW), iso-orientin (P), luteolin-7-O-glucoside (IW).
• Considered anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, antitussive, astringent, diuretic, expectorant, fungicidal, cicatrisant, liver stimulant.
Flowers, aerial parts.
– No reported folkloric use in the Philippines.
– Plant used for wound dressing.
• A favorite decorative or altar flower, as it lasts indefinitely when dried.
• Scentless when fresh, but said to repel moths when dried.
• Oil used to flavor tobacco and as fixative in perfume and cosmetics.
• Gamma-pyrone: A 2007 study yielded a new gamma- pyrone, sterols and triterpenes from H. bracteatum. Of seven compounds isolated, 4 were from aerial parts, 3 from flowers. Gamma-pyrone compounds were considered potential anti-cancer drugs.
• Antiinflammatory / Hepatoprotective: Study yielded four flavones, five flavonols, six caffeoyl derivatives of quinic acid from the flowers and aerial parts of Helichrysum bracteatum. The flavonolbractein was the most potent anti-inflammatory and antipyretic and the flavonol 3,5-dicaffreoylquinic acid was the most potent analgesic. The flowers showed significant hepatoprotective effect.