Family • Moraceae - Poikilospermum suaveolens (Blume) Merr. - Zhui tou ma
|Poikilospermum suaveolens (Blume) Merr.|
|Poikilospermum sinense (C. H. Wright) Merr.|
|Conocephalus suaveolens Blume|
Other vernacular names
|CAMBODIA: Krape roo.|
|CHINESE: Xiang tian zhui tou ma.|
|INDONESIA: Mentawan (Malay), Besto (Javanese), Areuy kakejoan (Sundanese).|
|THAI: Airai, Charai, Khaman.|
|VIETNAMESE: Sung d[aa]y, Rum th[ow]m.|
|Anapol (Ig., Bik.)|
|Zhui tou ma (Chin.)|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Medicinal plants of the Mien (Yao) in Northern Thailand and their potential value in the primary healthcare of postpartum women / Panyaphy K, Van On T, Sirisa-Ard P et al / J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 May 17;135(2):226-37. Epub 2011 Mar 3
(2) Poikilospermum suaveolens / Vernacular names / GlobinMed
(3) Uras: Medicinal and Ritual Plants of Serampas, Jambi Indonesia / Bambang Hariyadi and Tamara Ticktin / Ethnobotany and Research Applications
(4) An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and other useful plants of Muruts in Sabah, Malaysia / Julius Kulip / Telopea 10(1): 2003
Hanopol is a stout and woody climber. Leaves are oblong-ovate or subobovate, 15 to 25 centimeters long, 8 to 15 centimeters wide, tapering to a point at the apex, rounded or heart-shaped at the base, smooth or hairy on both surfaces, dotted and streaked with cystoliths. Stipules are large, rusty-brown, and smooth. Male heads are about 6 millimeters in diameter, in broad, short, peduncled, dichotomous cymes. Stamens are 3 or 4. Female heads are about 25 millimeters in diameter, occurring in rounded, concave, deciduous bracts. Flowers are sweet-scented.
– Common in forests at low and medium altitudes from northern Luzon to Mindanao.
– Also occurs in Borneo, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Roots, sap, stem.
– In Malaysia, young cooked leaves are eaten as vegetable.
– The Higaonon tribe of Rogongon i Mindanao apply the latex or sap of stem for relief or treatment of sore eyes.
– In Celebes, plant is used for diseases of the eye.
– In Lower Siam, sap is considered cooling for fevers. In Java, sap is used for the same purpose.
– Malays used the a poultice of roots for itches and fevers.
– In Java, pounded stems made into hair wash to destroy vermin.
– In Serampas, Indonesia, used for beri-beri.
– In Northern Thailand, one of the plants used in the preparation of postpartum herbal baths.
– In Malaysia, sap used for stomach ulcers; shoots applied to wounded skin. Sap from stem is drunk for postpartum treatment.
• Antiviral: In a study of antiviral activity of plant extracts with cells infected with virus for 24 hours, two plants showed moderated antiviral activity: Poikilospermum suaveolens and Pseuduvaria macrophylla.
Wild-crafted.ilospermum suaveolens (Blume) Merr. – Zhui tou ma