Family • Fabaceae / Leguminosae - Desmodium heterophyllum (Willd.) DC. - VARIABLE LEAF - TICKTREFOIL - Yi ye shan ma huang
|Desmodium heterophyllum (Willd.) DC.|
|Desmodium triflorum (L.) DC var. majus W&A|
|Hedysarum heterophyllum Willd.|
|Meibomia heterophylla (Willd.) Kuntze|
|Meibomia triphylla O, Kuntze|
|Spanish clover (Engl.)|
|Greater clover-leaved desmodium (Engl.)|
|Variable leaf ticktrefoil (Engl.)|
|Variable vagina wort (Engl.)|
|Yi ye shan ma huang (Engl.)|
Other vernacular names
|CAMBODIAN: Trom prei, Smau ‘am’bok.|
|CHINESE:Yi ye shan lu dou, Bian ye shan ma huang, Tian hu zhi zhu.|
|INDONESIAN: Sisik betok, Heuheulangan, Sukut jareman, Kimulas.|
|LAOTIAN: Padong mod liinz.|
|MALAYSIAN: Rumput sisek naga, Rumput sisek betok, Rumput telinga tikus.|
|VIETNAMESE: Ha[n] the, Trang qu’a di diep.|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Desmodium heterophyllum / Tropical Forages
(2) Medicinal Plants / P P Joy, J Thomas, Samuel Mathew et al / Aromatic and Medicinal Plants Research Station
(3) Initial Studies on Alkaloids from Lombok Medicinal Plants / Surya Hadi and John B Brenner / Molecules, 2001
(4) Desmodium heterophyllum (Wiild.) DC. / Vernacular names / GLOBinMED
Desmodium heterophyllum is a prostrate, spreading, slender plant, with stems 10 to 40 centimeters long, clothed with long, spreading hairs. Leaves are 3-foliate on top, and unifoliate lower down. Leaflets are oblong, elliptic, or obovate-oblong, 1 to 2 centimeters long, and hairy beneath. Flowers are purple, and 5 to 6 millimeters long. Pods are about 1.5 centimeters long, with 4 or 5 joints which are as broad as they are long; the upper suture is continuous and the lower indented.
– In open, usually damp grasslands, old clearings, etc., at low and medium altitudes in Ilocos Norte, Rizal, and Quezon Provinces in Luzon; in Polillo; and in Palawan.
– Also native to China, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam and Papua New Guinea.
Moderate levels of tannins.
Roots, twigs, leaves, juice.
– Roots and leaves, pounded together, are applied to sores.
– Juice dropped into the ear for earache.
– Decoctionn taken for stomachaches and other abdominal complaints.
– In Cambodia, twigs and leaves used to treat urinary retention and digestive complaints. Also used for diarrhea and dysentery. Leaves used as galatagogue.
– In Mauritius, used as a diuretic, for dysentery, and as a cooling medicine.
– In Lombok, Indonesia, roots, stems, and leaves used for scabies and itches.
– In West Java, Indonesia, used as postpartum remedy. Also for lack of appetite.
– In India, whole plant used as galactagogue and expectorant. Also used as tonic and diuretic. Plant decoction used for stomach aches.
– In Malaysia, used for sores, earaches, stomach aches and abdominal complaints.
– Fodder: For cattle grazing, low yield but good forage,with a nutritive value of 17-18% CP, and no reported toxicity.
• No medicinal studies found.