Family • Sapindaceae - Colubrina asiatica (Linn.) Brongn. - LATHERLEAF
|Colubrina asiatica (Linn.) Brongn.|
|Ceanothus asiaticus Linn.|
|Rhamnus carolinianus Blanco|
|Kabatiti (Tag.)||Asian nakedwood (Engl.)|
|Kayaskas (Ilk.)||Asiatic colubrina (Engl.)|
|Paria (Bag.)||Hoop withe (Engl.)|
|Palialaut (Tag.)||Latherleaf (Engl.)|
|Parid-la’ud (Sul.)||Soapbush (Engl.)|
|Uatitik (Tag., Bis.)||Wild coffee (Engl.)|
|Asian snakewood (Engl.)|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) New Jujubogenin Glycosides from Colubrina asiatica / Shoel-Sheng Lee, Wen-Chuan Chen and Hsiung Chen / J. Nat. Prod., 2000, 63 (11), pp 1580–1583 / DOI: 10.1021/np000225n
(2) Antibacterial evaluation of some indigenous medicinal volatile oils / A Kar and S R Jain / PLANT FOODS FOR HUMAN NUTRITION, Volume 20, Number 3, 231-237, DOI: 10.1007/BF01104967
(3) Chemistry, 13C-NMR Study and Pharmacology of Two Saponins from Colubrina asiatica. / Wagner H, Ott S et al / Planta Med. 1983 Jul;48(7):136-41.
Kabatiti is a climbing, smooth shrub, reaching a height of 6 meters. Leaves are shining, ovate, 5 to 9 centimeters long, 2 to 6 centimeters wide; with pointed tips, rounded bases and toothed margins. Three nerves arise from the base of the leaf. Flowers are yellowish green, about 4 millimeters in diameter, borne on axillary, short inflorescences which are about 1 centimeter long. Fruit is somewhat rounded, 7 to 9 millimeters in diameter, and surrounded at the base by the calyx, green and fleshy, becoming dark brown with age, and containing three seeds.
– Along the seashore and borders of tidal streams throughout the Philippines.
– Also occurs in India to Africa, and through Malaya to Australia and Polynesia.
– Bark yields saponin.
– Plant extracts yield alkaloid, flavonoid, unsaturated sterol and triterpene, steroid glycoside, anthraquinone, saponin, tannin, phenols.
– Leaves yielded two saponins: jujubogenin-3-O-[2-O-acetyl-3-O-(3-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-4-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-alpha-L-arabinoside] (colubrinoside) and jujubogenin-3-O- [2-O-acetyl -3-O- (2-O- beta -D- xylopyranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-alpha-L-arabinoside] (colubrin).
Considered cooling and alterative.
Leaves and fruits.
– Decoction of leaves use to alleviate skin irritation and treat a variety of skin diseases.
– Decoction of fruit used as abortifacient.
– In Polynesia, employed as tonic and cicatrizant for wounds.
– In India, juice used as tonic.
– Fish poison: Fruit used as fish poison.
– Soap: Leaves used as soap, lathering in water.
• Jujubogenin Glycosides: Study yielded three new jujubogenin glycosides from the leaves of Colubrina asiatica, together with known colubrin, rutin, and kaempferol 3-O-rutinoside.
• Antibacterial: Essential oils from six medicinal plants were studied for in vitro bacterial property against 15 pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacterial. The combination of essential oils of Litsea chinensis, Piper cubeba and Colubrina asiatica displayed maximum inhibitory response white the rest failed to show any synergistic or potentiating effect.
• Saponins / CNS Effects: Leaves yielded two saponins. Both inhibited spontaneous motility of mice and showed an antagonistic effect on amphetamine and a synergistic activity on chlordiazepoxide.