Family • Combretaceae - Terminalia calamansanai (Banco) Rolfe - PHILIPPINE ALMOND - Ma ni la lan ren
|Terminalia calamansanai (Blanco) Rolfe|
|Terminalia bialata F.-Vill.|
|Gimbernatia calamansanai Blanco|
Other vernacular names
|CHINESE: Ma ni la lan ren (Taiwan).|
|THAI: Sakuni, Tin nok.|
|Anarep (Ilk.)||Lumanog (C. Bis.)|
|Bagabo (Ilk.)||Magtalisai (P. Bis.)|
|Bangkalauan (Tag.)||Malakalumpit (Tag.)|
|Bangkalauag (Bis.)||Pangalusiten (Ilk.)|
|Bisal (Pang.)||Saget (Ig.)|
|Bunlos (Tag.)||Sakat (Tag.)|
|Burauis (Kuy.)||Saket (Ilk.)|
|Busili (Pang.)||Salisai (Lan.)|
|Dikang (Pamp.)||Saplid (C. Bis.)|
|Kabañgasbañgas (Bag.)||Subo-subo (Tag.)|
|Kalamansali (Sbl.)||Yankug (Mbo.)|
|Kalamansanai (Sbl., Tag.)||Sakuni (Thailand)|
|Langkog (Mbo.)||Philippiine almond (Engl.)|
|Langkug (C. Bis.)||Yellow terminalia (Engl.)|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Sorting Terminalia names / Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE /
(2) Ellagitannins from Terminalia calamansanai induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells / Lih-Geeng Chen, Wen-Tsung Huang et al / Toxicology in Vitro, Vol 23, No 4, June 2009, Pages 603-609 / doi:10.1016/j.tiv.2009.01.020 |
(3) Tannins and related compounds. CIII. Isolation and characterization of new monomeric, dimeric and trimeric ellagitannins, calamansanin and calamanins A, B and C, from Terminalia calamansanai (Blanco) Rolfe. / Takashi TANAKA; Akemi MORITA; Gen-ichiro NONAKA; Ta-chen LIN; Itsuo NISHIOKA; Feng-chi HO / CHEMICAL & PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN, VOL.39; NO.1; PAGE.60-63; (1991)
Kalamansanai is a large tree, reaching a height of 30 meters. Leaves are alternate, crowded towards the ends of the twigs, leaving scars after falling, obovate-oblong to suboblong, 9 to 14 centimeters in length, and 4 to 6 centimeters wide, with the tip abruptly but sharply pointed, and a pointed base. Flowers are in axillary racemes, small, yellowish-green, and almost without stalks. Fruit is dry, indehiscent, about 4 centimeters wide, and furnished with two opposite, spreading, rounded wings.
– In most islands and provinces from the Babuyan Islands and northern Luzon to Palawan and Mindanao.
– Native to the Philippines and the South Pacific Islands.
– Reported in Indo-China, Myanmar and Thailand.
– Cultivated in NE India.
– Study of leaves isolated ellagitannins: 1-α-O-Galloylpunicalagin, punicalagin, 2-O-galloylpunicalin, sanguiin H-4, and methyl gallate as main components.
Astringent and lithotriptic.
– In the Philippines, bark is astringent and used internally and externally.
– Used for kidney stones
• Ellagitannins / Anti-Cancer: A 70% acetone extract of leaves inhibited the viability of human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. Isolated compounds induced-apoptosis of HL-60 cells. Results suggest a potential for 2-O-Galloylpunicalin and sanguiin H-4 for drug development for cancer treatment and prevention.
• Tannins / Ellagitannins: Study isolated four new ellagitannins, calamansanin and calamanins A, B, and C, together with ten known tannins and related compounds from the leaves.