Family • Anonaceae - Alphonsea arborea (Blanco) Merr.
|Alphonsea arborea Blanco|
|Alphonsea philippinensis Merr.|
|Platymitra arborea (Blanco) P. J. A. Kessler|
|Bolon (Bik.)||Lanutan (Tag., Bik.)|
|Kalai (Tag.)||Malatambon (Bik.)|
|Kalay (Tag.)||Palokalai (Tag.)|
|Lanotan (S. L. Bis.)||Sapiro (C. Bis.)|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Medicinal Plants Research in Asia – Volume I / Batugal PA, Kanniah J, Sy L, Oliver JT
(2) Investigation of some Philippine plants for antimicrobial substances. / Edna V. Ramos, Roseanna M. De La Cruz, Victoria A. Masilungan, Flora B. Beloy / Philippine Journal of Science, Dec 1978, Vol 105, Issue 4, pp 205-214
(3) Alphonsea arborea (Blanco) Merr. / The Plant List
Kalai is a tall forest tree growing to a height of 40 meters with a diameter of 70 centimeters. Leaves are ovate-oblong, 10 to 15 centimeters long, 2 to 3 centimeters wide, with a pointed base and tip. Inflorescence is lateral on short hairy stalks. Flowers are small, yellow and odorless. Sepals are short, with petals about 6 millimeters long. Fruit is brown, usually single, large, hard and woody, ellipsoid or subglobose, 6 to 9 centimeters long.
In forests at low and medium altitudes.
Considered febrifuge, emmenagogue and anti-dysenteric.
Fruit, leaves and bark.
Ripe fruit is edible; eaten raw.
– Boiled fruit used for fevers.
– Decoction of fruit used for amenorrhea.
– Decoction of bark with dried leaves of garlic used for urticaria.
– Decoction of fruit used as antidysenteric.
– Decoction of bark used for diabetes.
Wood: Used for making baseball bats and bowling pins.
• Antimicrobial: Study evaluated 848 extracts from 108 species of Philippine plants from 44 families using eight solvents. Sixty-two or 58% showed inhibitory activity to Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus aureus, E. coli, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Alphonsea arborea was one of nine plants that showed exceptionally high values of antimicrobial activity.