Family • Dilleniaceae - Dillenia indica Blanco - PHILIPPINE CATMON
|Dillenia philippinensis Rolfe|
|Dillenia indica Blanco|
|Dillenia speciosa Blanco|
|Balale (Ibn.)||Kalambok (Bag.)|
|Bihis (Ig.)||Kalambug (Bag.)|
|Biskan (Ig.)||Palali (Ilk., Ibn., Sub., Pang.)|
|Bolobayauak (P. Bis.)||Palale (Ibn.)|
|Dingin (Sbl.)||Pamamalien (Pang.)|
|Kalambugui (Lan.)||Philippine catmon (Engl.)|
|Kambug (Sul.)||Philippine dillenia (Engl.)|
|Katmon (Tag., Bis., Pamp., Bik.)|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Antimicrobial triterpenes from Dillenia philippinensis / Consolacion Y. Ragasa, Agnes Alimboyoguen, Chien-Chang Shen / The Philippine Scientist 01/2009; 46(1):78-87. / DOI:10.3860/psci.v46i0.1454
(2) Chemical studies on an endemic Philippine plant: sulfated glucoside and seco-A-ring triterpenoids from Dillenia philippinensis. / Macahig RA, Matsunami K, Otsuka H. / Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2011;59(3):397-401.
– Study of air-dried leaves of Dillenia philippinensis yielded betulnic acid and 3-oxoolean-12-en-30-oic acid.
– Study of leaves yielded 11 compounds including one new sulfated glucoside and a new seco-A-ring oleanane-type triterpenoid.
Leaves and bark are laxative and astringent.
Fruit, leaves, bark.
• Fruit contains a soft, fleshy, green and edible pulp, with the flavor of a green, sour apple.
• Used for making sauces and jams; also used for flavoring fish.
• Fruit when cooked, used as vegetable.
• The acid juice of the fruit, mixed with sugar, is used for coughs.
• Fruit decoction used for cough.
• Also employed for cleansing the hair.
• In Sabah, young leaves or stem bark pounded and applied as paste on swellings and wounds.
• Elsewhere, sugared fruit juice used as cooling beverage for fevers; also, as cardiotonic.
• Leaves and bark used as laxative and astringent.
• Red dye: A red dye is obtained from the tree bark.
• Antimicrobial Triterpenes / Leaves: Study of air-dried leaves of Dillenia philippinensis yielded betulnic acid and 3-oxoolean-12-en-30-oic acid. The two compounds exhibited moderate activity against fungus Candida albicans and slight antibacterial activity against E. coli, P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, and B. subtilis. Compound 2 showed slight activity against T. mentagrophytes.
• Glucoside / Triterpenoid: Study of leaves yielded 11 compounds including one new sulfated glucoside and a new seco-A-ring oleanane-type triterpenoid. Anti-leishmanial and cytotoxic activity were examined.