Family • Liliaceae - Allium odorum Linn. - CHINESE CHIVES - Kieu-tsai
|Allium odorum Linn.|
|Allium porrum Merr. non Linn..|
|Allium tuberosum Roxb.|
|Allium angulosum Lour. non Linn.|
|Allium tricoccum Blanco non Ait.|
Other vernacular names
|CHINESE: Nian hua, Nian hua jiu cai, Nin fa kau ts’oi (Hong Kong).|
|GERMAN: NAusdauernder Lauch, Schnittporree.|
|RUSSIAN: Luk dushistyi.|
|VIETNAMESE: Hẹ, Rau hẹ.|
|Chinese chives (Engl.)|
|Flowering leek (Engl.)|
|Flowering garlic chives (Engl.)|
|Fragrant flowered garlic (Engl.)|
|Jia cai hua (Chin.)|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Antioxidant Activity of Several Allium Member / J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46 (10), pp 4097–4101 DOI: 10.1021/jf980344x
(2) Inhibitory effect of seven Allium plants upon three Aspergillus species / Mei-chin Yin and Shih-ming Tsao / International Journal of Food Microbiology, Volume 49, Issues 1-2, 1 August 1999, Pages 49-56
(3) Sorting Allium names / Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / A Work in Progress / Copyright © 1997 – 2000 The University of Melbourne
(4) Medicinal plants used in Peru for the treatment of respiratory disorders / Rainer W. Bussmann* and Ashley Glenn / Rev. peru. biol. 17(2): 331 – 346 (Agosto 2010)
Kuchai is a kind of leek, ranked-scented, green, growing 20 to 40 centimeters high. Bulbs are small, white and clustered. Leaves are green, grasslike, narrowly linear, flattish, 15 to 30 centimeters long, 3 to 6 millimeters wide. Umbel has a few to many white flowers. The perianth is bell-shaped. Fruits are on pedicels of 2 to 3 centimeters long, obovoid, 3-lobed, 5 to 7 millimeters in diameter. Seeds are black, depressed, globose or reniform, 2.5 to 3 milimeters in diameter. In the Philippines, the plant seldom flowers.
– Cultivated in the Manila area by the Chinese.
– Probably introduced in early times.
– Native of China and Japan.
– Bulbs considere4d antiseptic and vulnerary.
– Whole plant considered diuretic.
– Leaves, bulb, whole plant.
– Used like onion or food flavoring spice.
– Leaves used in the preparation of Chinese dishes, and often cooked with liver.
– Excellent source of calcium, phosphorus and iron.
• Externally, the fresh leaves and bulbs are used as antiseptic and vulnerary.
• Leaves taken internally, act as a cordial.
• In Indo-Chiina, whole plant used as a diuretic.
• In Manipur, used for hemolytic anemia and insomnia.
• In Peru, used for bronchitis and asthma: fresh, whole plant diced, boiled with sugar and ginger until thick, and taken a spoonful every six hours for one week.
• Antoxidant: Study showed part of the Allium family possess antioxidant capability. Heat treatments reduced the antioxidant activity for most foods.
• Antifungal: Study of extracts of 7 Allium plants, including Chinese chive, were examined for antifungal activity against three Aspergillus species: A niger, A flavus and A fumigatus. All the plants possessed antifungal activity, the inhibitory activity decreased with increasing incubation and heating temperature. Acetic acid plus heat treatment of the extracts resulted in greater inhibition.
• Hypotensive / Antihypertensive: Study of ethanol extract of Chinese chives (Allium odorum) showed hypotensive and antihypertensive effect.
Extracts and seeds in the cybermarket.