Family • Malvaceae - Sapinit - Hibiscus surattensis Linn. - WILD SOUR - Ci fu rong
|HIbiscus suratensis Linn.|
|Hibiscus aculeatus G. Don|
|Hibiscus appendiculatus Stokes|
|Hibiscus involucratus Salisb.|
Other vernacular names
|CHINESE: Ci mu jin, Wu zhao teng.|
|FRENCH: liane oseille.|
|KANNADA: Mullu gogu.|
|MALAYALAM: Assam susor.|
|VIETNAMESE: Bụp Xước, Xương chua.|
|Labneg (P. Bis.)|
|Labuag (Ak., Bis.)|
|Bush sorrel (Engl.)|
|Wild sour (Engl.)|
|Ci fu rong (Chin.)|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) A study on ethnomedicinal usage of plants among the folklore herbalists and Tripuri medical practitioners: Part-II / Koushik Majumdar and B K Datta / Natural Product Radiance, Vol. 6(1), 2007, pp.66-73
(2) Fatty acid compositions of seed oils of seven hibiscus species of malvaceae / K. Sundar Rao and G. Lakshminarayana / JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS’ SOCIETY, Vol 62, No 4, 714-715 / DOI: 10.1007/BF03028736
(3) Wild edible plants traditionally used by the tribves in the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala, India / K Yesodharan and K A Sujana / Natural Product Radiance, Vol 6 (1), 2007, Pp74-80
(4) PRODUCTION AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF BIODIESEL FROM HIBISCUS SABDARIFFA AND HIBISCUS SURATTENSIS / BIRIOK, GEORGE STEPHEN / Thesis and Dissertation / http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3692
Labuag is a weak-stemmed trailing plant covered with soft hairs and scattered prickles. Leaves are rounded, toothed, and deeply and palmately 3- or 5-lobed. Flowers are yellow with a dark red center. Capsules are hairy and ovoid. Seeds are downy.
– Most islands and provinces throughout the Philippines in open grasslands, at low and medium altitudes.
– Certainly introduced.
– Also occurs in tropical Africa, Asia, and Malaya.
Seeds yield: oil, 13-17%, with a predominance of linoleic acid in the fatty acid component of the oil, followed by palmitic and oleic acids, and small concentrations of malvalic acid, sterculic, dihydrosterculic and epoxy acids.
– Rich in mucilage.
– Considered emollient, febrifuge, laxative, abortifacient.
Leaves, stems and roots.
Edibility / Culinary
– Acid leaves used for salads or as a pot-herb.
– In India, fruit used in curries.
– In Senegal, plant used as an emollient.
– Leaves used for cough.
– Zulus use a lotion or ointment of the stem and leaf as treatment for penile irritation; including venereal sores and urethritis. Infusion used as injection into the urethra and vagina for gonorrhea and other urethral inflammations.
– Decoction of leaves or roots used for skin complaints.
– In other traditional systems, used for paralysis, epilepsy, convulsions, pregnancy; as abortifacient.
– Leaf, root and fruit juice used for cutaneous parasitic infections.
– Roots used as febrifuge, laxative; for tumors and cancers.
– In Nigeria, leaf and fruit juice given to children for cough.
– In India, among the folklore herbalists and Tripuri medical practitioners, curry is made from its tender leaves and given to patients with jaundice.
– Plant yields a fiber of good quality.
– In Brazil, used as a substitute for jute.
– Provides material for roof thatching.
• Fatty Acid Composition: In a study of the fatty acid composition of seed oils of seven Hibiscus species of malvaceae, all contained 13-17% oil. Linoleic acid predominated in the component fatty acids of all oils, followed by palmitic acid and oleic acid.
• Biodiesel Source: Study investigated the viability of using locally available vegetable seed oils to produce biodiesel. Two indigenous seeds – Hibiscus surattensis and Hibiscus sabdariffa were used in the study. Results suggest H. sabdariffa blend of 40:60 and H. surattensis blend of 30:70 can be recommended for use in diesel engines without any engine modifications.