Family • Acanthaceae - Pseuderanthemum bicolor (Shrank) Radik. - SHOOTING STAR
|Pseuderanthemum bicolor (Schrank) Radik.|
|Eranthemum bicolor Schrank|
|Eranthemum haenkeanum Nees|
|Eranthemum pulchellum Hort.|
|Justicia bicolor Sims|
|Justicia fasciculata Nees|
|Justicia gendarussa Blanco|
|Pseuderanthemum bicolor Radik.|
|Pseuderanthemum aspersum Radik.|
|Pseuderanthemum puchellum (Hort.) Merr.|
|Aliopiop (Bis.)||Mopia (Bis.)|
|Atai-atai (Bis.)||Panatun (Tag.)|
|Boian (Tagb.)||Pasioki (Tag.)|
|Cinco llagas (Span.)||Podol (Mbo.)|
|Kinatuluan (Tag.)||Pulpulto (Illk.)|
|Kublit (Bik.)||Tihol-tihol (Bis.)|
|Limang-sugat (Tag.)||Tulang-manok (P. Bis.)|
|Maladosdos (Bis.)||Tamban-tamban (Sul.)|
|Mañgauhai (Mbo.)||Bicolor false eranthemum (Engl.)|
|Mandalusa (C. Bis.)||Shooting star (Engl.)|
Limang-sugat is an erect, branched, rather slender undershrub or half-woody plant usually about 1 meter in height. Leaves are thin, elliptic-ovate to oblong-ovate or oblong-lanceolate, 5 to 12 centimeters long, the upper ones often reduced, pointed at the tip and narrowed to the petiole at the base. Peduncles are axillary and longer than the petioles, bearing near their apices 1 to 3 or more racemose or cymose flowers. Calyx is green, 5 to 7 millimeters long, with elongated, linear teeth. Corolla is white, the middle lobe of the lower lip has a purple spot at the base; the tube is slender and 2.5 to 3 centimeters long; lobes are spreading, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, and about 1.2 centimeters long. Fruit is a hairy, stalked capsule, about 2 centimeters long.
Common in thickets at low altitudes from northern Luzon to Palawan and Mindanao and in most islands and provinces.
Roots, stems, leaves.
Decoction of leaves, stems and roots used for aphthae.
Also used as a cicatrizant of wounds and ulcers.
• Antimicrobial Triterpenes and Sterols: A dichlormethane extract of Pseuderanthemum bicolor yielded lupeol, betulin, and a mixture of stigmasterol and sitosterol. Tests showed activity against Gram-negative E. coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, with no activity against Gram-positive bacteria. Lupeol inhibited fungal growth of Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger.