Family • Cyperaceae - Fimbristylis junciformis (Retz.) Kunth.
|Fimbristylis junciformis (Retz.) Kunth.||Fimbristylis falcata Kunth|
|Fimbristylis brevifolia Presl||Scirpus falcatus Vahl|
|Fimbristylis branchyphylla Presl||Iria falcata (Vahl) Kuntze|
|Fimbristylis haenkei Dietr.|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Chemical composition of the essential oil from Fimbristylis falcata (Vahl) Kunth. / Shah G, Mathela C / Journal of Essential Oil Research 2009 Vol. 21 No. 6 pp. 553-554
Apulid-gapang is a perennial, with woody and horizontal rhizomes that are usually short, or sometimes up to 5 centimeters in length. Stems are tufted, rigid, growing upwards, 4- to 5-angled or obscurely flattened, 10 to 20 centimeters long. Leaves are usually short but sometimes as long as 1.5 centimeters in length. Umbels are compound or decompound, about 8 millimeters in diameter, with 20 to 30 clusters. Spikelets are clustered, 2 to 5 in a cluster. Glumes are ovate. Nut is as long as one-third of the glume, obscurely striate or non-striate.
Limited distribution in the Philippines.
Occurs in India to Indo-China.
Santals are reported to use the roots in dysentery.
• Essential Oil: Study of essential oil from the rhizomes of Fimbristylis falcata (Vahl) Kunth yielded more than 40 constituents. The major constituents were: camphor, cyperene, thymol, spathulenol, dehydroabietal and dehydroabietol.