Family • Amaryllidaceae - Hippeastrum puniceum (Lam.) Kuntze - AMARYLLIS LILY
|Hippeastrum puniceum (Lam.) Voss.|
|Hippeastrum equestre (Alton) Herb.|
|Amaryllis punicea Lam.|
Other vernacular names
|FRENCH: Lys rouge.|
Other common names
|Orange lirio (Tag., Engl.)|
|Amaryllis lily (Engl.)|
|Barbados lily (Engl.)|
|Easter lily (Engl.)|
|Maroon lily (Engl.)|
|Red lily (Engl.)|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) 3-O-Acetyl-narcissidine, a bioactive alkaloid from Hippeastrum puniceum Lam. (Amaryllidaceae) / Santana O, Reinab M, Anaya AL, Hernández F, Izquierdo ME, González-Coloma A. / Z Naturforsch C. 2008 Sep-Oct;63(9-10):639-43.
(2) Hippeastrum puniceum / Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana)
Orange lirio is a bulbous perennial with runners or stolons. Leaves are fleshy green, swordlike, 25 to 40 centimeters long, 3 centimeters wide, strap-shaped, narrowed at the tip, developing fully as the flowers wilt. Stem arising from the bulb is cylindrical, hollow, 30 to 40 centimeters long, the tip bearing 2 to 4 stalked, showy, more or less nodding, red or orange colored flowers. Flowers are trumpet-shaped, 8 to 10 centimeters in diameter, the tube about 2.5 centimeters long, and the 6 segments 10 to 12 centimeters long. The fruit is a roundish capsule.
There are several cultivated forms, including a hybrid with dark red flowers with a white stripe running along the center of each segment.
– Planted in towns and cities in the Philippines.
– Native to South America.
– Study isolated an alkaloid, 3-O-acetyl-narcissidine.
– No reported medicinal use in the Philippines.
– In French Guiana, flower infusion is considered antispasmodic; locally used for whooping cough. In NW Guyana, root used to treat asthma, biliousness, as laxative and to induce vomiting.
– In Jamaica, bulb is used to make plaster with bread or Eryngium foetidum for use on swelling and sores. Also used for abscesses and ulcers.
• Bioactive Alkaloid / Antifeedant / Plant Protective: Study isolated a bioactiv4 alkaloid, 3-O-acetyl-narcissidine, which showed antifeedant activity against the polyphagous insect Spodoptera littoralis. Results suggest a plant protective role for H. puniceum alkaloids.