Family • Pandanaceae - Pandanus luzonensis Merr.
|Pandanus luzonensis Merr.|
|Pandanus calicarpus Martelli|
|Pandan (Tag., Ilk., Ibn.)|
In the Philippines there are 48 species of Pandanus, many of them are endemic, growing in various habitats, from sandy beaches, mangroves and primary forests. The fruit of some species are edible, eaten by bats, rats, crabs, elephants and lizards. The majority of species are dispersed primarily by water.
Pandan-luzon is a slender tree, up to 5 to 8 meters high, with few short prop roots. Leaves are 1.5 to 1.75 meters long, about 2.75 centimeters wide, narrowly acuminated apex and spinescently serrated margins. Peduncle is recurved, about 2 centimeters long, with a few foliaceous bracts toward the distal end. Syncarpium fruit is solitary, subglobose, about 9 centimeters in diameter; the drupes are yellowish-red, 3.5 centimeters long; the apical portion pyramidal and conspicuously ridged, the small, flat, stigmatic surface with 3 to 6 stigmas.
Roots are stomachic and diuretic.
Anthers, seeds, roots and oil.
– Decoction of tips of fresh or dried prop roots used as diuretic.
– Pounded prop roots, mixed with leaves of Mentha arvensis in water, the expressed liquid used as stomachic.
• Weaving: Leaves used for weaving hats, baskets, mats.