Family • Onagraceae - Jussiaea linifolia Vahl - Xian ye ding xiang liao
|Jussiaea linifolia Vahl|
|Jussiaea hyssopifolia G. Don.|
|Jussiaea micrantha Kunze|
|Jussiaea costata Presl|
|Ludwigia micrantha Kunze|
|Ludwigia hyssopifolia (G. Don.) Exell|
|Xi ye shui ding xiang (Chin.)|
|Seed box (Engl.)|
|Water primrose (Engl.)|
Other vernacular names
|CHINESE: Cao long, Xian ye ding xiang lao.|
|INDONESIA: Jukut anggereman, Mainang, Melgai.|
|MALAYSIA: Lakum air, inai paya, Maman pasir.|
|THAILAND: Tien na.|
|VIETNAM: Rau m[uw][ow]ng, Rau l[uws]c.|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) ANTITUMOR AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF ETHYLACETATEEXTRACT OF LUDWIGIA HYSSOPIFOLIA LINN AND ITS ACTIVE PRINCIPLE PIPERINE / Banibrata Das et al / Pak. J. Pharm. Sci., 2007, Vol.20(2), 128-131
(2) Assessment of anthelmintic activity of Jussiaea hyssopifolia G. Don / Anuj Kumar Agrahari *, Ashutosh Meher, Amiya Ranjan Padhan, Srimanta Dash / Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research, 2011, 1 (4):87-91
Pasau-na-hapai is an erect, branched, smooth annual, 20 to 60 centimeters high, with green or purplish, 3- or 4-angled or winged stems, and spreading 3-angled branches. Leaves are narrowly elliptic-lanceolate or oblong lanceolate, 4 to 10 centimeters long. Flowers occur singly and without stalk in the axils of leaves. Calyx-tube is slender and about 8 millimeters long, with 4 green, lanceolate, nearly 4 millimeter long calyx-lobes. Petals are 4, yellow, narrowly oblong-elliptic, and as long as the sepals. Stamens are 8, ovary 4-celled, ovules many in several axile rows in each cell. Fruits are capsules, green or purplish, about 3 centimeters long, and 1 to 2 millimeters in diameter. Seeds sometimes faintly visible through the walls.
– Throughout the Philippines, in open, damp places, old rice paddies, margins of streams, etc. at low and medium altitudes.
– Probably of American origin.
– Now pantropic.
– Phytochemical studies yielded vitexin, isovitexin, orientin and isoorientin.
– Considered astringent, anthelmintic, carminative and diuretic.
– Used for cold-fever, swelling pain in the throat, inflammation of the mouth cavity.
– Used for enteritis-diarrhea, eczema, and furuncle.
– The decoction of dried materials used as gargle for mouth ulcer.
– Pounded fresh material may be applied as poultice to area afflicted by eczema.
– In Bangladesh and India, decoction used for diarrhea and dysentery, flatulence, leucorrhea and hemoptysis. Leaves used for poulticing in orchitis and neck gland enlargement. Decoction used as vermifuge and purgative.
– Infusion of root is swallowed by the Malaysfor syphilis.
– In Celebes, infusion of roots used for poulticing pimples.
– Dye: In the Philippines, plant used in making a black dye.
• Anti-tumor / Antibacterial: Study isolated an alkaloidal constituent, piperine which showed antitumor and antibacterial activity. Its inhibitory effect on crown-gall tumor suggests potential for exploitation of the plant species for cancer prevention and treatment. On antibacterial study, it showed good activity against Shigella dysenteriae, S aureus and B subtilis.
• Antidiarrheal: Study of extract of Ludwigia hyssopifolia reduced gastrointestinal motility by 53.8% at 100 mg KBW with no inhibition at 50 mg KBW.
• Analgesic: Study evaluated the analgesic activity of a methanolic extract of Jussiaea hyssopifolia plant in Swiss albino mice using a hot plate method. Results showed significant analgesic effect compared to standard drug diclofenac.
• Anhelmintic: Study evaluated the methanolic extract of the entire plant of Jussiaea hyssopifolia for anthelmintic activity against earthworm Pheretima posthuma. Results showed significant anthelmintic effect in comparison to standard drug.