Family • Passifloraceae - Prutas-Baguio - Passiflora foetida Linn. - STINKING PASSION FLOWER - Tian xian guo
|Passiflora foetida Linn.|
|Passiflora hastata Bertol.|
|Passiflora hibiscifolia Lam.|
|Passiflora hispida DC. ex Triana & Planch|
Other vernacular names
|CHINESE: Long zhu guo, Ye xian guo, Long zhu cao, Long yan guo.|
|GERMAN: Übelriechende Passionsblume.|
|SPANISH: Granadilla de culebra, Pasiflora hedionda.|
|Tauñgon (C. Bis.)|
|Pasionaria que hiede (Span.)|
|Pop-pop bush (Engl.)|
|Running pop (Engl.)|
|Stinking passion flower (Engl.)|
|Wild water lemon (Engl.)|
|Tian xian guo (Chin.)|
Pasionaring-mabaho is a herbaceous vine with slender and rounded stems, covered with prominent villous hairs. Leaves are ovate to oblong-ovate, 6 to 9 cm long, shallowly 3-lobed, often sinuate and ciliate, with pointed tip and heart-shaped base. Flower is solitary, white or pinkish, 3 cm in diameter, subtended by a prominent involucre of 3 bracts. Fruit is dry, inflated, ovoid, orange, 3 to 5 cm long. All parts of the plant have a disagreeable odor.
– In waste places at low altitudes, esp. in the Laguna, Rizal and Quezon provinces.
– Introduced from tropical America.
– Now pantropic.
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana) / Botany.si.edu
(2) Oral acute toxicity and estrogenic effects of the extracts of Passiflora foetida Linn. (Passifloraceae) leaves in female Wistar albino rats / Bleu Gomé Michel*a, Kouakou Koffib, Zahoui Ouga Stanislasa, Touré Alassanec, Traoré Flaviena / Annals of Biological Research, 2012, 3 (9):4609-4616
(3) Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of Passiflora foetida L. / Sasikala V, Saravanan S, Parimelazhagan T* / Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine (2011)600-603 / doi: 10.1016/S1995-7645(11)80155-7
(4) Harmaline from Passiflora foetida / Krishnaveni A, Santh Rani Thaakur / Int. J. Pharm & Ind. Res, Vol 1, No 4, Oct-Dec 2011
(5) ANTIDEPRESSANT ACTIVITY OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF PASSIFLORA FOETIDA LEAVES IN MICE / SANTOSH P, VENUGOPL R, NILAKASH A S, KUNJBIHARI S, DR. MANGALA L / International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol 3, Issue 1, 2011
(6) Study of Anti-Hypertension Activity of Aerial Parts of Passiflora foetida Linn. / Ranganatha N*, Dr.I.J.Kuppast, Veerashekar T / SOUSHRUTAM, An International Research Journal of Pharmacy and Plant science Volume 1(3), Mar/April 2013
(7) Antiulcer and antioxidant activity of ethanolic extract of Passiflora foetida L. / R Sathish, Alok Sahu, K Natarajan / Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 2011, Volume 43, No 3, pp 336-339
(8) Sorting Passiflora names / Authorised by Prof. Snow Barlow / Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1997 – 2000 The University of Melbourne.
– Before maturity, the leaves and green fruit contain a cyanogenetic glucoside, and in excess can be dangerous to stock.
– Study yields maltol, phytosterols, cyanogenic glycoside, flavonoids and their glycosides.
– Phytochemical screening of leaves yielded sterols, polyterpenes, flavonoids, alkaloids, and saponosides.
– Leaves and roots are emmenagogue.
– Flowers are pectoral.
– Considered antibacterial.
Leaves, fruits, and flowers.
The sweetish pulp is edible when ripe.
– Infusion of leaves and roots used for hysteria.
– Plant used for itchy conditions.
– Decoction of fruit used for asthma and biliousness.
– Decoction of leaves and roots used as emmenagogue.
– Fruit used as emetic.
– Leaves applied to the head for headaches and giddiness.
– In India, traditionally used for diarrhea, throat and ear infections, liver disorders, tumors, itches, fever and skin diseases and for wound dressing.
– In Malaysia, used for treatment of asthma.
– In Argentina, used to treat epilepsy.
– In Africa, used gas, colds, and pregnancy to keep the baby active.
– In French Guiana, decoction of leaf and bark mixed with the same of Annona glabra as anthelmintic for flatworms and nematodes. Decoction of fresh whole plant drunk as children’s anthelmintic, for intestinal nematodes and flatworms. Decoction of dried plant used for colds and chest colds. In NW guyana, used for treatment of tuberculosis, worms, coughs and colds.
– In Brazil, used as lotion or poultice for erysipelas and skin diseases with inflammation.
• Antibacterial: Study of PF showed the leaf extracts to have remarkable activity against all bacterial pathogens compared to the fruit extracts. Study supports the traditional use of the herbal extracts against a variety of diseases – diarrhea, fever, skin diseases, ear and throat infections.
• Antibacterial / Roots: Study of invitro antibacterial activity of roots of P foetida showed the methanol extract to have significant activity against K pneumonia, P aeruginosa and E coli with levofloxacin, amikacin and sparfloxacin as standard antibiotics.
• Antiproliferative: One of nine selected Thai medicinal plants tested, the aerial parts of Passiflora foetida showed antiproliferative activity against SLBR3 human breast adenocarcinoma cell line.
• Hepatoprotective: The ethanolic extract of fruits of Passiflora foetida significantly reduced the biomarkers of hepatic injury (SGOT, SGPT, Alk Phos, GGTP). Results indicate the fruits of Pf possess hepatoprotective activity, a property that may be attributed to the presence of flavonoids.
• Estrogenic Effects / Toxicity Study: Study evaluated oral acute toxicity and potential estrogenic activity of various extracts of Passiflora foetida leaves in female Wistar rats. Oral LD50 of three extracts were greater than 5000 mg/kg with no observed behavioral abnormality. Results showed an estrogenic effect with disruption followed by blockage of estrous cycle at the estrous phase, with uterotrophic activity and increase of 17ß estradiol-induced uterotrophic effect.
• Analgesic / Anti-Inflammatory / Leaves: An ethanolic extract of leaves showed highly significant analgesic activity and highly significant anti-inflammatory effect.
• Neuroprotective Against Cerebral Ischemia: Study evaluated an alcoholic extract for neuroprotective effect against brain damage and impairment in cerebral ischemia induced by MCA occlusion in male Wistar rats. Results showed decreased brain infarct volume in both cortical and subcortical structures, together with enhancement of neurological score and improved sensory response to both mechanical and temperature stimuli.
• Harmaline / Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitory Effect: Harmaline, a beta carboline alkaloid was extracted from Passiflora leaf material. Harmaline was found to have monoamine oxidase inhibitory effect, useful for antidepressant activity. Study presents an economic, rapid, and effective separation method of harmaline from Passiflora.
• Antiepileptic / Analgesic / Leaves: Study evaluated a leaf extract for antiepileptic and analgesic activity. A methanol extract of leaves showed dose-dependent anti-epileptic activity in Maximum electricshock induced and pentylenetetrazole-induced convulsions. Extract showed good analgesic activity with peripheral and central nervous system mechanisms.
• Antidepressant / Leaves: Study evaluated a methanolic extract of leaves for antidepressant activity in mice. Results showed dose-dependent decrease in immobility time in both tail suspension and forced swim tests, with effects comparable to fluoxetine and imipramine. Results showed antidepressant effects in vivo, with therapeutic interest for use in the treatment of patients with depressive disorders.
• Antimicrobial: Study evaluated the antimicrobial activity of ethanol and ethyl acetate extracts of leaf, root, and fruits of P. foetida against various pathogenic microorganisms. Results showed both extracts to have broad spectrum activity and very effective activity against both gram positive and gram negative organisms.
• Antihypertensive: Study evaluated various extracts of P. foetida for antihypertensive activity. In the study, an ethyl acetate extract showed significant anti-hypertensive activity, which may be due to activation of NO-dependent vasodilation and also due to the presence of flavonoids in the EA extract.
• Memory Enhancement: Study evaluated the effect of P. foetida on spatial memory both in normal and cognitive deficit conditions. Results showed the Passiflora foetida extract is a potential cognitive enhancer in both normal and cognitive deficit conditions. However, the underlying mechanism and active ingredients have yet to be determined.
• Antiulcer / Antioxidant: Study evaluated the effects of an ethanolic extract of whole plant on ethanol and aspirin-induced gastric ulcer models. Results showed significant reduction of ulcer index and significantly increased gastric pH of both ethanol and aspirin-induced ulcer rats. There was significant reduction in lipid peroxidation and increased in reduced glutathione levels.
Capsules and extracts in the cybermarket.