Family • Cucurbitaceae - Trichosanthes quinquangulata A. Gray - Wu jiao gua lou
|Trichosanthes quinquangulata A. Gray|
Other vernacular names
|CHINESE: Wu jiao gua lou, Wu jiao ye gua lou, Lan yu kuo lou (Taiwan).|
|THAI: Buap liam.|
|Kabalonga (Tag.)||Patolasi-gayang (Gad.)|
|Katimbau (Ilk.)||Tabau-tabau (Ilk., Pang.)|
|Kalanum-uak (Bis.)||Tabugok (Tag.)|
|Kaulalagda (Bag.)||Tambanding (Ig.)|
|Lima (Ig.)||Tibabayang (Sul)|
|Patolang-gubat (Tag.)||Tibubukan-uak (Sul.)|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Sorting Trichosanthes names / /Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1995 – 2020 / A Work in Progress. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia. quin
Patolang-gubat is a coarse, smooth vine with angled or grooved stems. Leaves are somewhat rounded in outline, 10-20 cm long, heart-shaped at the base, 5- or 7-angled or lobed. Male racemes have long peduncles with many flowers, with large bracts, one or two are open at a time. Flowers are white and large. Calyx-lobes are 2 to 2.5 cm long and irregularly toothed. Fruit is rounded, 10 cm across, smooth, red or crimson.
– Found in thickets and old clearings, at low and medium ascending to 1,500 meters, in the Babuyan Islands; in Cagayan, Benguet, Bontoc, Nueva Viscaya, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bulacan, Bataan, Rizal and Laguna Provinces in Luzon; in Masbate, Panay, Mangsi; and in Mindanao.
– Widely distributed from Indo-China throughout Malaysia.
– Reported in Java, Sumatra, Borneo, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand.
Constituents and properties
• Seed yields tirchosanthin, a ribosome-inhibiting protein and trichomislin, which induces apoptosis. source
• Mature seeds are finely powdered and cooked with coconut oil and applied externally to itchy skin lesions.
• Powdered seeds mixed with wine and drank for stomach aches.
• No studies found.