Family • Fabaceae / Mimosaceae - Calliandra haematocephala Hassk. - BLOOD RED TASSEL FLOWER - Mei rui hua
|Calliandra haematocephala Hassk.|
|Anneslia haematocephala (Hassk.) Britton et P. Wilson|
|Feuileea haematocephala (Hassk.) Kuntze|
|Zhu ying hua (Chin.)|
|Blood red tassel flower (Engl.)|
|Red powder puff (Eng.)|
|Rose Cascade (Engl.)|
|Flor de la cruz (Span.)|
|Mei rui hua (Chin.)|
Other vernacular names
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Antioxidant galloylated flavonol glycosides from Calliandra haematocephala / F A Moharran et al / Natural Product Research, Vol 20, Issue 10 August 2006 , pages 927 – 934 / DOI: 10.1080/14786410500378494
(2) Characterization and Standardization of Some Traditional Plant Drug / Sageer Ahmad Khan /
(3) Calliandra haematocephala / PIER
(4) Evaluation of the gastroprotective activity of Calliandra haematocephala extracts / A de Paula Barbosa, B Pereira da Silva, JP Parente / Planta Med 2012; 78 – PI448 / DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1321135
(5) ANTIBACTERIAL CONSTITUENTS OF CALLIANDRA HAEMATOCEPHALA / R Nia, SA Adesanya, IN Okeke, HC Illoh, SJ Adesina / Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine , Vol 3 (1999), pp 58-60.
Calliandra haematocephala is a spreading well-branched shrub or small tree, growing to a height of 1 to 3 meters. Branches are brown, cylindric, and rough. Leaves are pinnately compound, oblong, acute, with 5 to 10 pairs of glossy green leaflets. Flowers are clustered in globose heads, up to 7 centimeters across. Stamens are numerous, long and silky, very brilliant, pink to red. Fruit is a dehiscent pod, dull brown, linear -oblanceolate, 6 to 11 centimeters long, 5 to 13 millimeters wide, opening along the sutures when ripe. Seeds are 5 to 6, brown and oblong.
– Ornamental cultivation; grown in gardens and parks.
– Native to tropical America.
– Fractionation of EtOAC extract of bark yielded p-hydroxybenzoic acid, caffeic acid, protocatechuic acid, astilbin, neo-isoastilbin, and catechin-3-O-rhamnoiside.
– A non-active fraction yielded lupeol and betulinic acid.
– Studies with other species of the genus showed various pharmacological properties: anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, immunomodulatory, and antiulcerogenic.
• No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines.
• In Nigeria, roots used in the treatment of hemorrhoids.
• Elsewhere, decoction of the flowers used as blood purifier and tonic.
• Antioxidant / Flavonol Glycosides / Cytotoxicity: Study isolated three new acylated quercetin rhamnosides from the leaves and stems â€“ quercitrin 2″-O-caffeate, quercitrin 3″-O-gallate and quercitrin 2″,3″-di-O-gallate â€“ with 17 known compounds. Six compounds exhibited moderate to strong radical scavenging properties. Compounds 7 and 8 (myricitrin and quercitrin) exhibited lethal effect towards brine shrimp Artemia salina.
• Gastroprotective: Study of butanolic extract for gastroprotective effects in acute gastriclesions induced by acidified alcohol showed a gastroprotective effect with moderate control of gastric lesions and inhibition of hemorrhage and necrotic aspects of tissue injury.
• Antibacterial: Studyevaluated ethanolic extractable constituents of bark of C. haematocephala against selected bacteria. Results showed varied antibacterial activity. Fractionation yielded known compounds which showed varied antibacterial activity.