Family • Ebenaceae - Diospyros ebenaster Retz. - EBONY PERSIMMON
|Diospyros ebenaster Retz.|
|Diospyros ebenum J. Konig ex Retz.|
|Diospyros digyna Retz.|
|Diospyros sapota Roxb.|
|Diospyros nigra Perr.|
|Diospyros nigra Blanco|
|Sapote negro Sonn.|
|Sapota nigra Blanco|
|Black persimmon (Engl.)|
|Black sapote (Engl.)|
|Chocolate pudding fruit (Engl.)|
|Chocolate sapote (Engl.)|
Other vernacular names
|CHINESE: He shi (Taiwan).|
|FRENCH: Barbacoa, Barbaquois, Caca poule (Antilles), Ébènier des Antilles, Sapote noire, Sapotier.|
|GERMAN: Ebenholzbaum, Schwarze Sapote.|
|JAPANESE: Diosupirosu nigura.|
|PORTUGUESE: Ébano das Antilhas.|
|SPANISH: Ébeno agrio, Guayabota, Matasano de mico, Sapote negro, Zapote, Zapote de mico, Zapote negro, Zapote prieto.|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Phytochemical and antioxidant characterization of the fruit of black sapote ( Diospyros digyna Jacq.) / Elhadi M. Yahia, Fabiola Gutierrez-Orozco, Claudia Arvizu-de Leon / FOOD RES INT 01/2011; 44(7):2210-2216. / DOI:10.1016/j.foodres.2010.11.025
(2) Sorting Diospyros names / /Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1995 – 2020 The University of Melbourne.
(3) Antimicrobial C-glucoside from aerial parts of Diospyros nigra. / Dinda B, Bhattacharya A, De UC, et al. / Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 2006 May; 54(5) :679-81.
Sapote is a tall, smooth tree, 7 to 15 meters high. Leaves are leathery, shiny, thick, oblong to elliptic-oblong, 10 to 20 centimeters long, and borne on rather short stalks. Flowers are dioecious, occurring singly in the axils of leaves and measuring from 1 to 1.5 centimeters long. Calyx is greenish, with broad truncate lobes. Corolla is tubular, lobed and white. Fruit is large, smooth, green, rounded, 9 to 12 centimeters in diameter, more or less depressed at its apex, enveloped at its base by a persistent calyx. Flesh of the fruit is yellowish, turning nearly black at maturity. Seeds are usually four, and about 2 centimeters long.
– Occasionally planted in and about towns as an ornamental foliage and for its large edible fruit.
– Nowhere spontaneous, but found in Isabela, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, and Rizal Provinces in Luzon, and on other islands.
– Introduced from Mexico during the early colonial period.
– Yields alkaloids, cardenolids.
– In the Philippines, fruit is eaten in milk, cooked in pies (with lemon to counteract its mawkishness), or made into ice-cream.
– In the Philippines, pounded bark and leaves are used as blistering plaster.
– In Yucatan, decoction of leaves used for fevers.
– Used as remedy for leprosy, ringworm and for itching.
In the West Indies, unripe fruit is pounded and thrown into the water to narcotize the fish.
• Antioxidant / Fruit: Study characterized the phytochemicals and antioxidants of the fruit of black sapote (Diospyro digna Jacq.) Study yielded phenolics, carotenoids and tocopherols. Total phenolic content was 347.8 mg BAE/100g fresh weight. Important phenolics were sinapic acid and myricetin. Antioxidant capacity by DPPH and FRAP assays showed antioxidant capacity comparable to other important fruits.
• Antimicrobial / C-Glucoside / Aerial Parts: Study isolated a new C-alkylglucoside, diospyrodin from the leaves and stems of D. nigra. It showed antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.