Sidit

Family • Lamiaceae - Scutellaria luzonica Rolfe - HELMET FLOWER

Scientific names

Scutellaria luzonica Rolfe
Scutellaria marivelensis Elmer
S. javanica var. luzonica (Rolfe) H. Keng
S. luzonica var. lotungensis C. Y. Wu & C. Chen

Common names

Lupiñgan (Ig.)
Sidit (Ig.)
Helmet flower (Engl.)
Skullcap (Engl.)

Sidit

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings

(1) Scutellaria / Wikipedia

(2) BALANGCOD & BALANGCOD: HEALTHCARE PRACTICES AMONG THE KALANGUYA TRIBE IN PHILIPPINES / Teodora D Balangcod & Ashlyn Kim D Balangcod / Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge Vol. 10 (2), April 2011, pp. 227-238

(3) Scutellaria marivelensis Elmer / The Plant List

Sidit2Gen info
Scutellaria is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, containing about 300 species, commonly known as “skullcaps.” It derives from the Latin word scutella (small dish) referring to the shape of the calyx.

Scutellaria javanica - BT Delft

Botany
Sidit is a perennial, slender, slightly branched herb, often prostrate below. Leaves are ovate, 1 to 4 centimeters long, and 1 to 2.7 centimeters wide, with a blunt tip and rounded or somewhat heart-shaped base, and with hairs on both surfaces. Flowers are pale blue, borne in terminal racemes, and 2 to 5 centimeters long. Calyxis slightly hairy, with rounded lips, and about 2.2 centimeters long, enlarged upward, slightly curved, and slightly ciliate on the outside. Nutlets are about 1.6 millimeters long.

Distribution
– In ravines, on ridges in mossy forests, etc. at altitudes of 800 to 2,400 meters, and occasionally along mountain streams at lower elevations.
– Occurs in Cagayan, Abra, Bontoc, Benguet, Zambales, Bulacan, Bataan, Rizal, Batangas and Quezon Provinces in Luzon; and in Mindoro.
– Also occurs in New Guinea.

Sidit4

Constituents
Contain a glucoside, scutellarin, like s. basicalensis, S. altissima, S indica and other species..

Uses
Folkloric
– In the Philippines, plant used as a cure for stomach pains.
– In the Mountain Province, administered in the form of decoction.
– Among the Kalanguya tribe of Tinoc, Ifugao, crushed leaves are applied to burns and scabies. Seeds are eaten to expel worms from the stomach.

Study Findings
• No studies found.

Availability
Wild-crafted.