Family • Moraceae - Maclura cochinchinensis (Lour.) Corner - DRYER'S MULBERRY - Gou ji
|Vanieria cochinchinensis Lour.|
|Cudrania javanensis Trecul|
|Trophis spinosa Blume|
|Batis spinosa Roxb.|
|Moris tinctoria Blanco|
|Broussonetia tinctoria Blanco|
|Cudrania obovata Trecul|
|Cudrania spinosa Hochr.|
|Maclura tinctoria (L.) D. Don ex Steud.|
|Maclura cochinchinensis Lour.|
|Talolong (Ilk., Ig.)|
|Cockspur thorn (Engl.)|
|Dryer’s mulberry (Engl.)|
|Gou ji (Chin.)|
Other vernacular names
|CAMBODIA: Khlae, Nhoer khlaay.|
|CHINESE: Wei zhi.|
|INDONESIA: Kayu kuning, Tegeran, Soga tegeran.|
|MALAYSIA: Kederang, Kedrae.|
|THAI: Kae kong, Kae lae, Klae.|
|VIETNAM: Day mo’qua.|
Tahid-labuyo is a scandent or strangling, smooth shrub, growing from 2 to 4 meters in length, with branches armed with stout, sharp, straight or somewhat recurved spines, 1 to 1.5 centimeters long. Leaves are elliptic-ovate to oblong-ovate or oblong-obovate, 3 to 8 centimeters long, shining, with tapering tips and rounded bases. Heads are solitary or in pairs, rounded, and short-peduncled. Female heads are 7 to 8 millimeters in diameter, yellowish, dense. Fruit is fleshy, up to 5 centimeters in diameter.
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Molecular and crystal structure of an isoflavonoid, 5,7,4′-trihydroxy-6,3′-diprenylisofla vone from Cudrania javanensis / Mahendra Kalita et al / Department of Life Sciences, Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology, Guwahati 781 035, India
(2) Taxon: Maclura cochinchinensis (Lour.) Corner / USDA / GRIN
(3) Maclura cochinchinensis Lour. / Vernacular names / GLOBinMED
(4) Anti-herpes simplex virus component isolated from Maclura cochinchinensis / Bunyapraphatsara, N; Dechsree, S; Yoosook, C; Herunsalee, A; Panpisutchai, Y / Phytomedicine, 2000
(5) PLANTS AND PLANT SUBSTANCES AGAINST AIDS AND OTHER VIRAL DISEASES / P. Cos, L. Maes, D. Vanden Berghe / ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY – Vol. II – Plants and Plant Substances Against AIDS and Others Viral Diseases
– Found from northern Luzon to Mindanao from sea level to an altitude of 1,400 meters.
– Also occurs in India to East Africa, China, Malaya, and Australia.
– Heartwood produces a yellow dye.
– Bark of the Cudrania javanensis yielded osajaxanthone, vanillic acid, monmethyl fumarate, p-hydroxybenzoic acid and (-)-(S)-stachydrine.
• Study isolated an isoflavonoid – 5,7,4′-trihydroxy-6,3′-diprenylisoflavone.
– Studies have reported anti-ulcer, antipyretic, antihepatitis, antihistamine, antispasmodic, antiviral, antifungal, antimycobacterial, anti-inflammatory properties.
• In the Moluccas, the young leaves are eaten raw.
• In Japan, fruit of Cudrania javanensis considered edible.
• In the Philippines, decoction of roots used to alleviate coughing; also used for gastralgia.
• In Sarawak, plant used after childbirth.
• In the Moluccas, paste made from ground wood applied as a cooling agent for fevers.
• In Taiwan, used as analgesic and anti-inflammatory.
• In Thailand, traditionally used for chronic fever, skin infections, and abnormalities of the lymph nodes.
• Dye: The heartwood produces a yellow dye used in the Batik industry in Java; in Thailand for traditional fabric dyeing. Mixed with indigo, it produces a green dye.
• Antibacterial / Antidermatophytic: Study of crude chloroform extract of Maclura cochinchinensis wood showed strong antibacterial activity against S. aureus, S. epidermis, and B. subtilis and showed inhibition against all dermatophytes.
• Anti-Herpes / Morin: Study evaluated the in vitro anti-herpes activity of Maclura cochinchinensis. Ethyl acetate and methanol extracts exhibited anti-HSV activity at E50 values of 38.5 and 50.8 microorganisms/ml, respectively. Study yielded morin which exhibited anti-HSV activity at an EC50 values of 53.5.