Family • Icacinaceae - Gonocaryum calleryanum (Baill.) Becc. - Tai wan qionq lan

Scientific names

Gonocaryum calleryanum (Baill.) Becc.
Gonocaryum diospyrosifolium Hayata
Gonocaryum tarlacense Vidal
Phlebocalymna calleryanum Baillon

Common names

Ampalang (Klg.)
Angkak (Bik.)
Basabasa (Ibn.)
Busigan (Ibn.)
Gohan (Klg.)
Karasoko (Ibn.)
Lunas (Bik.)
Malagohan (Klg.)
Malapinggan (Tag.)
Malasamat (Tag.)
Malasitum (Pamp.)
Malatapai (Bik.)
Maragauak (Ibn.)
Naragaued (Ibn.)
Rogroso (Ilk.)
Taiñgang-babui (Tag.)
Uratan (Ilk.)
Yaya (Neg.)
Tai wan qionq lan (Chin.)


Additional Sources and Suggested Readings

(1) A secoiridoid and other constituents of Gonocaryum calleryanum / Yu Y C, Yann L L, Fui W L et al / Phytochemistry, March 1988

(2) Gonocaryum calleryanum (Baillon) Beccari, Malesia / Flora of China

(3) Secoiridoid and flavonoid glycosides from Gonocaryum calleryanum / Tetsuo Kaneko, Mayumi Sakamoto, Kazuhiro Ohtani, Aiko Ito, Ryoji Kasai, Kazuo Yamasaki, William G. Padorina / Phytochemistry 01/1995 / DOI:10.1016/0031-9422(94)00884-V

Taiñgang-babui is a small, erect tree with long, slender branches. Leaves are few, alternate, leathery, smooth, shining, paler beneath, broadly ovate or subelliptic, 18 centimeters long or less, about 9 centimeters wide, rounded at both ends or broadly obtuse at the base. Inflorescence is axillary, cymosely short-branched, scarcely longer than the petioles. Flowers are pale white, with small calyx and columnar, and are borne on inflorescences at the axil of the leaves. Fruit is nutlike, smooth, purplish-black, ellipsoid, 3 to 4 centimeters long, with a black fibrous husk surrounding a fairly hard, white kernel.


– Common in primary forests at low and medium altitudes, ascending to 750 meters, in the Batan Islands and all the provinces in Luzon.
– Also reported in Taiwan, Borneo, Indonesia, Celebes and Moluccas..

Taingang-babui3– Study of leaves, branch, stem and root bark yielded a new secoiridoid glycoside, gonocaryoside E.

Plant used as a cure for stomach troubles.
– Lumber: Wood used for indoor construction.

Study Findings
• Secoiridoid Glycosides: Study of leaves, branch, stem and root bark of Gonocaryum calleryanum isolated a new secoiridoid glycoside, gonocaryoside E, together with 14 known compounds.
• Secoiridoid and Flavonoid Glycosides: Study of leaves of Gonocaryum calleryanum yielded four new secoiridoid glycosides and a new flavonoid glycoside, apigenin 7-O-β-apiofuranosyl (1 → 6)-β-d-glucopyranoside, along with six known flavonoids and flavonoid glycosides, apigenin, apigenin-5,7-dimethyl ether, apigenin trimethyl ether, apigenin 7-O-glucoside, apigenin 7-O-neohesperidoside, and vitexin.