Family • Icacinaceae - Gonocaryum calleryanum (Baill.) Becc. - Tai wan qionq lan
|Gonocaryum calleryanum (Baill.) Becc.|
|Gonocaryum diospyrosifolium Hayata|
|Gonocaryum tarlacense Vidal|
|Phlebocalymna calleryanum Baillon|
|Tai wan qionq lan (Chin.)|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) A secoiridoid and other constituents of Gonocaryum calleryanum / Yu Y C, Yann L L, Fui W L et al / Phytochemistry, March 1988
(2) Gonocaryum calleryanum (Baillon) Beccari, Malesia / Flora of China
(3) Secoiridoid and flavonoid glycosides from Gonocaryum calleryanum / Tetsuo Kaneko, Mayumi Sakamoto, Kazuhiro Ohtani, Aiko Ito, Ryoji Kasai, Kazuo Yamasaki, William G. Padorina / Phytochemistry 01/1995 / DOI:10.1016/0031-9422(94)00884-V
Taiñgang-babui is a small, erect tree with long, slender branches. Leaves are few, alternate, leathery, smooth, shining, paler beneath, broadly ovate or subelliptic, 18 centimeters long or less, about 9 centimeters wide, rounded at both ends or broadly obtuse at the base. Inflorescence is axillary, cymosely short-branched, scarcely longer than the petioles. Flowers are pale white, with small calyx and columnar, and are borne on inflorescences at the axil of the leaves. Fruit is nutlike, smooth, purplish-black, ellipsoid, 3 to 4 centimeters long, with a black fibrous husk surrounding a fairly hard, white kernel.
– Common in primary forests at low and medium altitudes, ascending to 750 meters, in the Batan Islands and all the provinces in Luzon.
– Also reported in Taiwan, Borneo, Indonesia, Celebes and Moluccas..
Plant used as a cure for stomach troubles.
– Lumber: Wood used for indoor construction.
• Secoiridoid Glycosides: Study of leaves, branch, stem and root bark of Gonocaryum calleryanum isolated a new secoiridoid glycoside, gonocaryoside E, together with 14 known compounds.
• Secoiridoid and Flavonoid Glycosides: Study of leaves of Gonocaryum calleryanum yielded four new secoiridoid glycosides and a new flavonoid glycoside, apigenin 7-O-β-apiofuranosyl (1 → 6)-β-d-glucopyranoside, along with six known flavonoids and flavonoid glycosides, apigenin, apigenin-5,7-dimethyl ether, apigenin trimethyl ether, apigenin 7-O-glucoside, apigenin 7-O-neohesperidoside, and vitexin.