Family • Fabaceae / Leguminosae - Sophora tomentosa Linn. - NECKLACE POD - Rong mao huai
|Sophora tomentosa Linn.|
|Sophora glabra Hassk.|
|Sophora occidentalis L.|
Other vernacular names
|CHINESE: Hai nan dou shu, Ling nan huai shu.|
|INDONESIA: Lolang Badjo, Lolang pante.|
|KENYA: Utupa wamwitu.|
|MALAYSIA: Pelotok, Pelochok.|
|SOUTH PACIFIC: Pofatu’ao’ao, Runa.|
|SRI LANKA: Mudu-murunga.|
|WEST INDIES: Sophora, Haricot bastard, Micar, Tambalista.|
|Bangil (Tag., Bis.)|
|Baraumarau (Tag., Bis.)|
|Gison (Tag., Bis.)|
|Kauai (Tag., Bis.)|
|Mangguiau (Bik., Tag.)|
|Mantala (Tag., Bis.)|
|Pangalangan (Tag., Bis.)|
|Tambalagisa (C. Bis.)|
|Tambalisa (Tag., S. L. Bis., P. Bis.)|
|Necklace pod (Engl.)|
|Yellow necklace pod (Engl.)|
|Rong mao huai (Chin.)|
Tambalisa is a gray, hairy shrub. Leaves are alternate, pinnately compound, about 15 to 30 centimeters in length, with 11 to 17 leaflets which are oval, 2.5 to 4 centimeters in length and extremely hairy. Flowers are bright yellow, about 1 centimeter long, borne on terminal racemes about 15 centimeters long. Pods are 10 to 15 centimeters in length, containing 6 to 8 seeds. Pods are characteristically rounded where the seeds occur, very narrow in the portions between the seeds.
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Chemical Studies on Sophora tomentosa : the Isolation of a New Class of Isoflavonoid / Kinoshita Takeshi, Ichinose Koji, Takahashi Chiho et al / Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin 38(10), 2756-2759, 1990-10-25
(2) (−)-Epilamprolobine and its N-oxide, lupin alkaloids from Sophora tomentosa / Isamu Murakoshi, Eiji Kidoguchi, Minako Nakamura et al / Phytochemistry, Vol 20, No 7, 1981, Pages 1725-1730 / doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)98564-9
(3) Cytotoxicty and Radical Modulating Activity of Isoflavones and Isoflavanones from Sophora Species / Yoshiaki Shirataki, Mari Wakae, Yukiyo Yamamoto et al / ANTICANCER RESEARCH 24: 1481-1488 (2004)
(4) Sophora tomentosa / Vernacular names / GLOBinMED
– Abundant along the seashore throughout the Philippines.
– Pantropic strand plant.
– Contains an alkaloid, sophorine, identical to cytisine fromCytisus laburnum and ulexine from Ulex europaeus.Cytisine resembles nicotine in its action.
– Study yielded a thick, red-brown fluid from the seeds, physiologically resembling the alkaloid cytisine from C laburnum seeds. Study also showed both ulexine and sophorine to be identical to cytisine. (Q)
– Study isolated two flavonoid compounds, sophoraisoflavanone A and sophoraflavanone B, together with sophoronol, isosophoranone and isobavachin from the aerial parts.
– Study of fresh leaves yielded three lupin alkaloids: (−)-epilamprolobine, (+)-epilamprolobine N-oxide and 5-(3′-methoxycarbonylbutyroyl)aminomethyl-trans-quinolizidine N-oxide, along with (+)-matrine, (+)-matrine N-oxide, (+)-sophocarpine N-oxide, (−)-anagyrine, (−)- baptifoline, (−)-cytisine, (−)-N-methylcytisine, (−)-N-formylcytisine, (−)-N-acetylcytisine and (±)-ammodendrine.
– Roots are yellow.
– Bark is bitter; the seeds more so.
– Plant considered diuretic, stomachic, sudorific, purgative, febrifuge.
– Seeds considered anticholeric, purgative, febrifuge, stomachic.
– Seeds are dangerously emetocathartic due to the cytisine-like alkaloid that is released.
Oil, roots, stems, seeds.
– In the Philippines, plant used as a common remedy for stomach disorders; seeds used for stomach affections.
– Decoction of root, stem or seeds considered anticholeric. Seeds considered purgative; as little as two seeds may provide a drastic purgative action.
– Seeds used as febrifuge and stomachic.
– Oil from seeds applied externally for bones aches associated with colds. Also, used as expectorant.
– In New South Wales, seeds are used for bilious sickness.
– In Eastern Malaysia, plant used for cholera and diarrhea; also, as antidote for eating poisonous fish and other marine animals.
– Powdered seeds used by the Malays as astringent for diarrhea; leaves and roots also so employed.
• Pterocarpans / Weigteone / Antifungal: Studies yielded two pterocarpans, sophoracarpans A and B, with three known isoflavonoids, eighteone (erythrinin B), sophoraisoflavanone A and I-maackianin. Wighteone is a known antifungal phytoalexin in several genera of leguminous plants.
• Phenylflavanones: Prenylflavanones from S tomentosa exhibited tumor-specific cytotoxicity and antimicrobial activity.
• Phenylflavanones / Radical Scavenging / Antimicrobial / Cytotoxic: Study was done on the biologic activity of ten phenylflavanones purified from S tomentosa and S moorcroftiana. Some of the flavanones showed tumor-speclfic cytotoxic activity, antimicrobial activity, and anti-HIV activity, radical generation, and 02- scavenging activity.