Family • Moraceae - Ficus variegata Blume - RED-STEM FIG - Za se rong

Scientific names

Ficus variegata Blume
Ficus chlorocarpa Benth [illegitimate]
Ficus ehretioides F.Muell ex Benth.
Ficus integrifolia Elmer
Ficus laevigata Blanco [illegitimate]
Ficus latsoni Elmer
Ficus subracemosa Blume
Ficus tenimbrensis S.Moore

Other vernacular names

CHINESE: Za se rong.

Common names

Agi (Yak.)
Banakal (Bag.)
Basikong (Bag.)
Duoyog (P. Bis.)
Dudang (Sul.)
Dudu (Ig.)
Laptai (Tag.)
Lapting (Ilk.)
Ligtug (Bon.)
Lita (Ibn.)
Payahan (Sbl.)
Rayaraya (Tag.)
Tabgon (Bik.)
Tañgisang-bayauak (Sbl.,Tag.)
Tubol (Pang.)
Common red stem fig (Engl.)
Red stem fig (Engl.)
Variegated fig (Engl.)
Variegated rubber plant (Engl.)


Additional Sources and Suggested Readings

(1) Herbal medicines used to cure various ailments by the inhabitants of Abbottabad district, North West Frontier Province, Pakistan / Arshad Mehmood Abbasi, Mir Ajab Khan et al / Indian Journ of Traditional Knowledge, Vol 9(1), January 2010, pp 175-183

(2) Ficus variegata Blume is an accepted name / The Plant List

Tangisang-bayauak is a tall, spreading tree, with pale bark. Leaves are broadly or elliptic-ovate, 10 to 17 centimeters long, the base rounded, notched or heart-shaped and the tip tapering to a point, with the margins entire, subexpanded or toothed. Receptacles are about 1 centimeter in diameter, red when ripe, and clustered on long branches.



– Common in primary forests at low and medium altitudes from Cagayan to Sorsogon in Luzon, in Palawan and Mindanao.
– Also occurs in the Malay Peninsula and Archipelago and in southern China.

– Various dried bark extracts yielded sugar, protein, alkaloids, flavonoids, sterols, and glycosides.



Parts used
Leaves, bark, latex.

– In Java the young shoot-tips and young fruits are eaten raw or cooked.
– In the Philippines fresh leaves are applied as topical in boils.
– In Malaya, the bark, reportedly sweet, is chewed or used in decoction for dysentery.
– Latex of the bark used as a coat over wounds.
– In Pakistan, paste prepared from fresh milky juice of the plant mixed with milk is applied to boils and affected skin three times daily.

Study Findings
• No studies found.