Family • Fabaceae - Cassia javanica Linn. - APPLEBLOSSOM SHOWER - Ji guo jue ming
|Cassia javanica L.|
|Cathartocarpus javanicus Pers.|
|Appleblossom shower (Engl.)|
|Java cassia (Engl.)|
|Rainbow shower (Engl.)|
Other vernacular names
|CHINESE:Ji guo jue ming ?|
|FRENCH: Cassie à fleurs roses.|
|HINDI: Java ki rani.|
|MALAY: Bebusok, Bobondelan (Indonesia), Boking-boking (Sumatra), Busok-busok, Dulang dulang, Kaju dulang (Java), Sebusok, Trengguli (Indonesia).|
|THAI: Kalalphruk, Khilek chawa, Khilek yawa.|
|TAMIL: Konne, Vakai|
Cassia javanica is a medium-sized tree growing up to 15 meters tall, with a spreading crown. Leaves are alternate and pinnately compound. Leaflets are 5 centimeters long, obtuse, and smooth on the upper surface, with short, fine hairs below. Flowers are light to dark pink. Fruit is an elongated pod, woody, brownish-black, up to 30 centimeters long and 2 centimeters wide.
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Sorting Cassia names / Authorised by Prof. Snow Barlow / Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1997 – 2000 The University of Melbourne.
(2) Hypoglycemic activity of Cassia javanica Linn. in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. / Kumavat UC, Shimpi SN, Jagdale SP. / J Adv Pharm Technol Res. 2012 Jan;3(1):47-51. doi: 10.4103/2231-4040.93562.
(3) REVIEW ARTICLE / Cassia Javanica Linn: A Review on Its Phytochemical and Pharmacological Profile / Chittam K.P., Deore S.L. / Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Research 2 (1) 2013, 33-35
(4) ent-Epiafzelechin-(4α→8)-epiafzelechin extracted from Cassia javanica inhibits herpes simplex virus type 2 replication / Hua-Yew Cheng, Chien-Min Yang, Ta-Chen Lin, Den-En Shieh and Chun-Ching Lin / J Med Microbiol February 2006 vol. 55 no. 2 201-206 / doi: 10.1099/jmm.0.46110-0
(5) Cassia javanica / Agroforestree database / World Agroforestry Centre
Cassia nodosa is very similar to Cassia javanica, differing mostly from the latter in the absence of spines on the trunk and branches.
– Cultivated as ornamental tree.
– Native to tropical regions of Asia.
– Distributed naturally from India to Malaysia, Indonesia, and China.
– Leaves reported to yield secondary metabolites: flavones, sterols, hydrocarbons, anthraquinone, glycosides.
– Seeds yield chrysophanol, physcion, two new anthroquinone 1, 5 dihydroxy- 4, 7 dimethoxy, 2 methyl antroquinone 3-O-α-L (-) rhamnopyranoside and 1, 3, 6, 7, 8- pentahydroxy-4- methoxy-2-methyl anthraquinone, and chrysophanol and physcion.
– Root bark yields quercetin and 2 new leucoanthocyanins, leucocyanidin-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyran- oside and leucocyanidin-3-O-α-L-(-) rhamnopyranoside.
– Considered purgative
– Antidiabetic, antioxidant, antimicrobial.
Pods, leaves, flowers.
– No recorded folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines.
– In India, pods used as purgative.
– Pods used as substitute for Cassia fistula.
– In Chinese medicine, herb used to reduce fever, regulate chi and lubricate the intestine. Also used to treat gastric pain, cold, malaria, measles, chicken pox and constipation.
– Ripe pods used as traditional laxative throughout the Malesian area. In Thailand, bark and seeds used for fever.
– Industrial gum: Seeds can be used as source of industrial gum.
• Hypoglycemic: Study evaluated the hypoglycemic effect of C. javanica leaves on normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Unlike acute, subacute treatment showed highly significant reduction of blood glucose (37.62%) of diabetic rats in 10 days, compared to standard drug (63.51%). Preclinically, results suggest C. javanica can be an effective hypoglycemic agent.
• Herpes Simplex Virus Inhibition: ent-Epiafzelechi-(4aR8)-epiafzelechin extracted from C. javanicaexhibited various modes of action in suppressing HSV-2 replication, prevented HSV-2 from penetrating the cell and interfered with replication at the late stage of its life cycle.
• Antimicrobial: C. javanica subsp. nodosa flower and leaf extracts showed moderate activity against P. aeruginosa and S. epidermis.