Family • Bignoniaceae - Dolichandrone spathacea (Linn. f.) K. Schum. - MANGROVE TRUMPET TREE
|Bignonia longissima Lour.|
|Bignonia spathacea Linn. f.|
|Dolichandrone spathacea (Linn. f.) K. Schum.|
|Dolichandrone rheedii Seem.|
|Dolichandrone longissima K. Schum.|
|Spathodea luzonica Blanco|
|Bignonia rheedii Wall.|
|Tanhas (C. Bis.)|
|Tanghas (P. Bis.)|
|Tiwi (Tag., Bik., C. Bis .)|
|Mangrove trumpet tree (Engl.)|
|Singapore mangrove (Engl.)|
Other vernacular names
|FRENCH: Bignone de Malaysie.|
|MALAY: Kaju, Kaju pelok, Kaju pelumping, , Poko kulo|
|RUSSIAN: Bignoniia dlinneyshaia.|
|SINHALESE: Diya danga|
|TAMIL: Kaliyacca, Mankulanchi, Pannir, Vilpadri.|
|THAI: Khaena, Khaepa.|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Inhibitory potential against methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) of Dolichandrone spathacea, a mangrove tree species of Malaysia / Saiful, Azmi J.; Mastura, Mohtar; Mazurah, Mohamed; Nuziah, Hashim / Latin American Journal of Pharmacy; vol. 30, no. 2, pp 359-362
(2) Sorting Dolichandrone names / /Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright Â© 1995 – 2020 The University of Melbourne.
(3) Studies of the in vitro cytotoxic, antioxidant, lipase inhibitory and antimicrobial activities of selected Thai medicinal plants / Chutima Kaewpiboon, Kriengsak Lirdprapamongkol, Chantragan Srisomsap, Pakorn Winayanuwattikun, Tikamporn Yongvanich, Preecha Puwaprisirisan, Jisnuson Svasti and Wanchai Assavalapsakul* / BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012, 12:217 / doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-217
Tiwi is a smooth tree, growing 5 to 15 meters high. Leaves are opposite, 30 to 40 centimeters long, pinnately compound with seven to nine leaflets. Leaflets are ovate to ovate-lanceolate or ovate-elliptic, 7 to 15 centimeters long, unequal at the base and pointed at the tip. Flowers are borne on short, terminal, few-flowered racemes. Calyx is 4 to 5 centimeters long, spathelike, and split down one side to the base. Corolla is white, with a rather slender, cylindrical tube 9 to 11 centimeters long, becoming funnel-shaped or bell-shaped above, 5 to 7 centimeters in diameter. Fruit is a capsule, somewhat cylindrical or slightly compressed, 30 to 40 centimeters long, 2 to 2.5 centimeters thick, with numerous, rectangular, winged seeds.
– Along the seashore and tidal streams from La Union to Palawan, Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago.
– Also occurs in India through Malaya to New Guinea.
Phytochemical screening yielded triterpene and saponin compounds.
Bark, leaves, seeds.
• In the Philippines, poultice of fresh leaves and bark is applied against flatulence to women after childbirth.
• Seeds are powdered, and taken for nervous complaints.
• In Java, leaves are used for making mouthwash for thrush.
• Also, has a reputation as abortifacient.
• In Palau, for yaws (frambesia), bark is squeezed together with young stem and flower stalk of Croton sp., and the sap is poured in heated coconut oil; when cooled, applied to affected part of the body.
• Fish poison: The bark used as fish poison. Some reports that a decoction of bark in dogs have no ill effects.
• Antibacterial / Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: Study of methanol extracts of stems and leaf showed inhibitory activity against MRSA clinical isolates. Stem extracts showed better inhibitory activity which was attributed to triterpene and saponin compounds.
• Antioxidant: In a study of 52 traditionally used Thai medicinal plants, Dolichandrone spathacea leaves was one of six plant species that showed effective DPPH radical scavenging activity.