Family • Solanaceae - Solanum mammosum Linn. - MICKEY MOUSE PLANT - Wu jiao qie
|Solanum mammosum Linn.|
|Solanum mammosissium Ramrez|
|Solanum platanifolium Hook|
Other vernacular names
|CHINESE: Wu jiao qie.|
|FRENCH: Tétons de jeune fille, Morelle à fruit ornemental, Morelle molle.|
|GERMAN: Zitzen Nachtschatten.|
|MALAY: Terong susu.|
|SPANISH: Tetilla, Berenjena de gallina, Berenjena de teta.|
|Tagotong (S. L. Bis.)|
|Talong susu (Tag.)|
|Apple of Sodom (Engl.)|
|Berenjenita peluda (Span.)|
|Cow’s udder (Engl.)|
|Love apple (Engl.)|
|Mickey mouse plant (Engl.)|
|Nipple fruit (Engl.)|
|Titty fruit (Engl.)|
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1) Comparative Proteomic Analysis of Indioside D-Triggered Cell Death in HeLa Cells / Chin Chun Wong et al / J. Proteome Res., 2008, 7 (5), pp 2050–2058 / DOI: 10.1021/pr800019k
(2) The search for natural bioactive compounds through a multidisciplinary approach in Bolivia. Part II. Antimalarial activity of some plants used by Mosetene indians / Muñoz V, Sauvain M et al / J Ethnopharmacol. 2000 Feb;69(2):139-55.
(3) Solanum mammosum as a source of solasodine in the lowland tropics / L. Telek, H. Delpin and E. Cabanillas / ECONOMIC BOTANY, Volume 31, Number 2 (1977), 120-128, DOI: 10.1007/BF02866581
(4) Isolation of saponins from Solanum mammosum and characterization of their anticancer activity by proteomics / Chi-Chun Wong, Ãpë /
(5) Sorting EGGPLANT names / /Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1995 – 2020 / A Work in Progress. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia.
(6) Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 6, Fruits, Volume 6 / Tong Kwee Lim / Google Books
Utong is a coarse and branched half-woody plant, prickly or unarmed, growing to a height of 0.4 to 1 meter. Stems are prickly and covered with soft short hairs. Leaves are ovate to oblong-ovate, broad as they are long, 10 to 25 centimeters long, armed on both surfaces with long, stout spines, stellate-hairy beneath, and irregularly and shallowly lobed at the margin. Inflorescences are umbelliform and lateral, with 1 to 6 flowers. Flowers are axillary, about 2.5 centimeters long, purplish or bluish. Fruit is fleshy, smooth, purple when ripe, up to 25 centimeters long, extremely variable in shape – rounded, oblong, or cylindric-oblong.
– In thickets and waste places along the roads at low altitudes in Leyte; Zamboanga, Mindanao, and Jolo.
– Cultivated in some gardens in Manila and neighboring towns as a curiosity because of the shape of the fruit.
– Introduced from tropical America.
– Propagated by seeds.
– Fruit contains trigonelline, choline, vitamins A, B, and C; fat 0.1 percent, and protein 2.2 percent.
– Fruit considered toxic, containing solanine saponin, mallic and gallic acids.
– Fruit yields a glycoalkaloid, solamargine.
– Fruit considered purgative, phlegmatic, generative.
– Leaves are anodyne, narcotic.
Parts used and preparation
Roots, leaves, fruits.
– Fruit makes an excellent vegetable, the elongated kind is most cultivated, eaten before it ripens, before the seed hardens.
– Good source of calcium, phosphorus, iron, and vitamin B.
The green leaves are a good source of vitamin C.
– Root decoction taken for asthma and as general stimulant.
– Leaves used for hemorrhoids.
– In Costa Rica, decoction of leaves used as remedy for diseases of the kidney and bladder.
– In El Salvador, seeds used as a remedy for colds.
– In Yucatan, decoction of leaves used for cleansing wounds.
– Root, boiled with sour milk and grain porridge used to treat syphilis.
– Juice of fruit with pounded leaves and roots used for a variety of skin diseases.
– Roots, dried stalk, and leaves used in decoction for washing sores.
– Astringent for bladder hemorrhage.
– Decoction or infusion of leaves used for stomach problems.
– Burnt fruit used for liver problems.
– Fruit is cooling, and when bruised with vinegar, is used as a poultice for abscesses and cracked nipples.
– Fruit used for phthisis, cough and loss of appetite.
– The peduncle (stalk of flower or fruit) when burned is used for piles, toothache and intestinal hemorrhages.
– Seeds are used as stimulant but may cause dyspepsia and constipation.
– In Belize, leaf juices rubbed to afflicted areas with athlete’s foot.
– In Bolivia, fruit used for scabies.
– Decorative: Fruit collected ripe with the branches used for interior decoration.
– Rep ell ant: Kofan people of Columbia and Ecudaor use the plant as insect repellant especially against cockroaches.
• Antiproliferative / Indioside D: Study isolated indioside D, a furostanol glycoside from Solanum mammosum and was found to possess antiproliferative activity toward a panel of human cancer cell lines. Results showed indioside D induced apoptosis in HeLa cells via both intrinsic and extrinsic cell death pathways.
• Anticancer / Saponins / Solamargine: Of saponins isolated from the fruit, solamargine showed highest toxicity towards HeLa cell line followed by inidioside D, protodioscin, solasonine and pseudoprotodioscin.
• Antimalarial: In a study of 46 different species screened for antimalarial activity, Solanum mammosum fruit extract was one of those found moderately active.
• Antioxidant Activity: Study by Weitwitayaklung and Phaechamud (2011) reported low antioxidant activity of S. mammosum fruit, with a total phenolic content of 3.08 g/100 g crude extract gallic acid.
• Molluscicidal: Steroidal glycoalkaloid mixed from fruits, solasonine and solamargine and the stereoisomeric glycosidic alkaloid tomatine were toxic to Lymnaea cubensis and Biomphalaria glabratus.